JewishEncyclopedia.com

The unedited full-text of the 1906 Jewish Encyclopedia
- Phrase search: "names of god"
- Exclude terms: "names of god" -zerah
- Volume/Page: v9 p419
- Diacritics optional: Ḥanukkah or hanukkah
- Search by Author: altruism author:Hirsch
search tips & recommendations

Isaac Broydé,

(Office Editor), Doctor of the University of Paris, France; formerly Librarian of the Alliance Israélite Universelle, Paris, France; New York City.

Contributions:
BELINSON, MOSES ELIEZER – Russian publisher and scholar; born at Odessa about 1835. He devoted himself chiefly to the study of the genealogy of old Russian Jewish families, to one of which he belongs. He wrote on this subject two works, "Megillat...
BELLE-ASSEZ – A daughter of Solomon ben Isaac, called "Rashi" (1040-1105,) and wife of R. Eliezer. Belle-Assez (not "Bellejeune," "Belle," "Schön," see Jacob Tam, "Sefer ha-Yashar," ed. N. Rosenthal, p. 44, note), like the other daughters of...
BELLERMANN, JOHANN JOACHIM – Christian Hebraist and professor of theology at Berlin University; born at Erfurt Sept. 23, 1754; died at Berlin Oct. 25, 1842.On graduating from the University of Göttingen Bellermann accepted a position as teacher at Reval,...
BELLETTE – Daughter of Menahem, and sister of Isaac ben Menahem called "the Great"; lived at Orleans in the middle of the eleventh century. She is cited by Rashi, in a responsum, as an authority on a ritual question (Pardes, 4b; Assufot,...
BEN MEÏR – Palestinian nasi in the first half of the tenth century. His name was brought to light some twenty years ago by several fragments discovered in various genizoth. The fragments contain an account of a controversy on the calendar...
BENAMOZEGH, ELIJAH – Italian rabbi; born at Leghorn in 1822; died there Feb. 6, 1900. His father (Abraham) and mother (Clara), natives of Fez, Morocco, died when Elijah was only four years old. The orphan early entered school, where, besides...
BENEDICT VIII. – Pope from 1012 to 1024. A great persecution of the Jews took place during his pontificate. A terrible earthquake and hurricane visited the city of Rome on Good Friday, 1021, and the following day, in which many persons perished....
BENEDICT XII. (JACQUES DE NOVELLÈS) – A monk of the Cistercian order; elected pope Dec. 30, 1334; died April 25, 1342. Although he displayed the greatest zeal for the extermination of the Albigenses and other heretics, he cherished kindly feelings toward the Jews...
BENEDICT XIII. (PEDRO DE LUNA) – Antipope; born at Aragon about 1334; elected Sept. 28, 1394; died at Peñiscola June 1 (according to some, Nov. 29), 1424. This "unfrocked and spurious pope," as he was termed by the Council of Constance which deposed him (1415),...
BENEDICT XIV. (PROSPERO LAMBERTINI) – Two hundred and fifty-fourth pope; born at Bologna in 1675; elected pope Aug. 17, 1740; died May 3, 1758. This pope, who graciously accepted a dedication from Voltaire and was full of amenity toward all heretics, thought it his...
BENEVENTO – City in southern Italy; capital of the province of the same name; about 32 miles northeast of the city of Naples. Benjamin of Tudela visited it about 1165, and found there 200 Jewish families, having at their head three...
BENJAMIN BEN JOAB – Payyeṭan; lived at Montalcino in the fourteenth century. His printed poems are: (1) A metrical introduction to the "Nishmat" for Passover. Every strophe of this poem has ten lines of seven syllables. (2) A seliḥah of five...
BENJAMIN BEN MOSES – Italian scholar; lived at Rome at the beginning of the fifteenth century. He took an active part in the administration of the Jewish community of Rome, and was one of the delegates to the assembly of the Italian Jewish...
BENJAMIN BEN MOSES NAHAWENDI – Karaite scholar and philosopher; flourished at Nahawend, Persia, at the end of the eighth century and the beginning of the ninth. According to the Karaite historian Solomon ben Jeroham—the contemporary of Saadia Gaon—Karaism...
BENJAMIN WOLF BEN ISAAC LEVI – Cabalist; lived at Leitmeritz, Bohemia, in the middle of the seventeenth century. He is the author of a work, "Amarot Tehorot" (Pure Words), explaining the difficult words of the Zohar, published by his son Saul, Lublin, 1745....
BENJAMIN YERUSHALMI – Exile from Jerusalem who lived at Bordeaux; said to have been one of the authors of Wehu Raḥum, recited in the morning prayers on Mondays and Thursdays.Bibliography: Zunz, Literaturgesch. p. 17; Gross, Gallia Judaica, p. 75.K....
BENJAMIN BEN ZERAḤ – Payyeṭan; lived in southeastern Europe in the middle of the eleventh century. He is called by the later payyeṭanim "the Great," and also "Ba'al Shem" (Master of the Name), on account of the numerous names of God and angels used...
BENVENISTE – The name of an old, rich, and scholarly family of Narbonne, the numerous branches of which were found all over Spain and the Provence, as well as at various places in the Orient. It is still borne by certain families in...
BENZION, BENJAMIN ZE'EB WOLF BEN JACOB HA-LEVI – Talmudist; lived probably in Galicia in the middle of the eighteenth century. He was the author of "'Et Raẓon" (Time of Grace), containing essays on morals, intended for the first part of the Minḥah prayer of Sabbath (Zolkiev,...
BERECHIAH BEN ISAAC GERUNDI – Payyeṭan; lived in the twelfth century, probably at Lunel. Although he wrote nothing on the Halakah, his brother Zerahiah Gerundi, in his "Sefer ha-Maor," cites him as an authority on the treatise Giṭṭin (to 15b). Berechiah's...
BERENICE – City of the Cyrenaic Pentapolis, at the eastern extremity of the great Syrtis, near the river Lathon. The settlement of the Jews in Berenice, as in the other towns of the Greek colony "Cyrenaica," dates from Ptolemy I. Although...
BERENICE – Daughter of Costobar and Salome, sister of Herod I. Her marriage with her cousin Aristobulus was unhappy. The husband, being proud of his Maccabean descent by his mother, Mariamne, taunted his wife with her low birth. Berenice...
BERGÈR, PHILIPPE – Christian professor of Hebrew; member of the Académie des Inscriptions et Belles-Lettres; born at Beaucourt, Haut-Rhin, September, 1846; brother of Samuel Bergér. Graduating at the University of Strasburg, he settled in Paris,...
BERGÈR, SAMUEL – French professor of Protestant theology; secretary and librarian of the Faculté de Théologie Protestante, Paris; born at Beaucourt, Haut-Rhin, May 2, 1843; brother of Philippe Bergèr. He attended the lectures on literature at...
BERMANN, ISSACHAR HA-LEVI – Philanthropist; born at Halberstadt Nisan 24, 1661; died there Tammuz 24, 1730; son of Judah Lehmann. At an early age he displayed great commercial enterprise. He afterward went to Hanover, and there became associated with the...