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Isaac Broydé,

(Office Editor), Doctor of the University of Paris, France; formerly Librarian of the Alliance Israélite Universelle, Paris, France; New York City.

Contributions:
BONAFOS, MENAHEM BEN ABRAHAM – French philosopher; flourished at the end of the fourteenth century and at the beginning of the fifteenth. He was the author of a work entitled "Sefer ha-Gedarim" (Book of the Definitions), or, as it is also called, "Miklal...
BONAFOUX, DANIEL ISRAEL – An active adherent of Shabbethai Ẓebi; lived at Smyrna in the seventeenth century. He was not disappointed when the apostasy of the latter was announced. At Shabbethai's death he pretended to have had visions and to have...
BONAVOGLIO (ḤEFEZ), MOSES, OF MESSINA – Sicilian physician; born at the end of the fourteenth century; died 1447. Renowned for his learning and eloquence, he was deputed in 1428 by seventeen Jewish communities of Sicily to wait on King Alfonso V. for the purpose of...
BONDAVIN, BONJUDES – Physician; lived at the end of the fourteenth century and the beginning of the fifteenth. He practised medicine at Marseilles from 1381 to 1389, and in 1390 went to Sardinia, settling at Alghero. In addition to his medical...
BONDI, ELIJAH BEN SELIG – Austrian preacher; born at Prague at the end of the eighteenth century; died there about 1860. He studied Talmud at Presburg under the direction of Meshullam Tismenitz, and later at Alt-Ofen with Moses Münz. In 1826 he was...
BÔNE (BONA) – Town in the province of Constantine, Algeria, called by the Romans "Hippo Regius." It had many Jewish inhabitants as early as the first centuries of the common era, as is attested by several epitaphs found in the environs of the...
BONENFANTE OF MILHAUD – French physician; lived in the fourteenth century. He was the author of a medical treatise entitled "Gabriel," still extant in manuscript (Günzburg, No. 316). Bonenfante translated also into Hebrew Arnold de Villeneuve's work,...
BONET, JACOB BEN DAVID BEN YOM-ṬOB (BONJORN) – Spanish astronomer; lived probably at Perpignan in the fourteenth century. He was the author of astronomical tables prepared at Perpignan in 1361. These tables, still extant in manuscript (Bibliothèque Nationale, Paris, MS. No....
BONFED, SOLOMON BEN REUBEN – Rabbi at Saragossa, and poet; lived at the end of the fourteenth century and the beginning of the fifteenth. His diwan, still extant in manuscript (Neubauer, "Cat. Bodl. Hebr. MSS." No. 1984), is interesting intrinsically, as...
BONFILS, IMMANUEL BEN JACOB – Physician, mathematician, and astronomer; lived at Orange, France, and later at Tarascon, in the fourteenth century. He was the contemporary of the astronomer Levi ben Gerson of Bagnols. At one time Bonfils taught astronomy and...
BONGODAS, MEÏR BEN SOLOMON – Provençal poet; lived at the end of the thirteenth century. He is quoted in the diwan of Abraham Bedersi, who was chosen arbitrator between Bongodas and Don Solomon in a controversy on the value of their Aramaic poems. According...
BONGORON – Astronomer; lived at Perpignan in the middle of the fourteenth century. The name "Bongorn" or "Bonjorn" is the Provençal equivalent of the Hebrew name "Yom-Ṭob," the Provençal Jews often prefixing to their own names those of...
BONIFACE VIII. (BENEDICT GAETAN) – One hundred and ninety-eighth pope; born at Anagni, Italy; elected pope Dec. 24, 1294; died 1303. He succeeded Celestin V., who resigned six months after his election. Boniface cherished kindly feelings toward the Jews, and gave...
BONIFACE IX. (PIETRO TOMACELLI) – Two hundred and eighth pope; born at Naples; elected pope Nov. 2, 1389; died at Rome in 1404. His pontificate was very favorable for the Jews in general and for the Roman Jews in particular. At the request of the latter,...
BONIRAC, SOLOMON – Spanish translator; lived at Barcelona in the middle of the fourteenth century. He translated from the Arabic into Hebrew Galen's medical work on the crisis, under the title, "Sefer Buḥran" (Book on Vapors). The translator...
BONSENIOR, IBN YAḤYA – Chess expert. No details of his life can be obtained. The name is probably Provençal, and he lived certainly not later than the fifteenth century. Bonsenior was the author of an interesting work on chess, entitled "Melizat Seḥoḳ...
BOOK-TRADE – The trade in books was carried on by Jews long before the invention of printing. A catalogue of a bookseller of the twelfth century was unearthed a few years ago in the Fostat Genizah ("Jew. Quart. Rev." xiii. 52). The poet...
BORGER – Cabalist; lived at Zülz, Prussia, in the seventeenth century; corrector of the press in the printing-house of Shabbethai Bass at Dyhernfurth. He published (Amsterdam, 1688), with additions of his own, the cabalistic commentaries...
BOSPORUS, CIMMERIAN – Name of the ancients for the strait of Yenikale or of Theodosia; on the eastern coast of the Black Sea. The country on both sides of the Cimmerian Bosporus formed in ancient times the kingdom of Bosporus, the latter name being...
BOZECCHI – Prominent Italian family, the members of which when settling at Rome called themselves after their native place, Buzecchio, in the province Forli. Traces of the family may be found as far back as the thirteenth century. A...
BOZZOLO, ḤAYYIM OBADIAH BEN JACOB OBADIAH DI – Talmudist and cabalist; lived at Salonica in the middle of the sixteenth century; probably a native of Bozzolo in Italy, wherefore Conforte ("Ḳore ha-Dorot," ed. Cassel, p. 39a) calls him "Di Bozzolo," while Nepi-Ghirondi...
BRAFMANN, JACOB – Jewish convert to Christianity; born in Russia; died in the last quarter of the nineteenth century. After having tried many professions, among them photography, tuition, and commerce, he embraced Christianity. Supplied with his...
BRANDES, MORDECAI BEN ELIEZER – German Talmudist; lived at Frankfort-on-the-Main in the middle of the eighteenth century. Engaged by the Jewish community as "porsher" ( , one who extracts from a slaughtered beast those sinews that are proscribed as food), he...
BRAUN, SOLOMON – French lieutenant of artillery; born at Paris, 1868; died in Togbao, Sudan, in 1899. His father, a poor pedler, observing Solomon's capacity for learning, made the greatest sacrifices to give him a good education. Solomon...
BRESNER, ISAAC BEN ELIJAH LEVI – Austrian educator; lived at Prague in the second half of the seventeenth century and the beginning of the eighteenth. In 1795 Bresner published at Prague, under the title "Iggeret Yiẓḥaḳ" (The Letter of Isaac), an order of...