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Joseph Jacobs, B.A.

Formerly President of the Jewish Historical Society of England; Corresponding Member of the Royal Academy of History, Madrid; New York City.

Contributions:
HAGGADAH – Derived from the verb (ḳal ), "to report," "to explain," "to narrate." The verb sometimes introduces halakic explanations, but the noun is used only in contradistinction to "halakah," and means a tale, a narrative, an...
HAGGADAH (SHEL PESAḤ) – Development. Ritual for Passover eve. Ex. xiii. 8, R. V., reads: "And thou shalt tell thy son in that day, saying, It is because of that which the Lord did for me, when I came forth out of Egypt." On the basis of that passage it...
HAGIN DEULACRES – Last presbyter or chief rabbi of England; appointed May 15, 1281. He appears to have been raised to this position by the favor of Queen Eleanor, mother of King Edward I. Hagin was probably a nephew of Elyas, the "Great...
HAGIN FIL. MOSSY – Presbyter or chief rabbi of the Jews of England. He appears to have been the chirographer of the Jews of London, and obtained great wealth, but he lost it under Edward I. In 1255 he was appointed presbyter on the expulsion of...
ḤAGIZ, SAMUEL BEN JACOB BEN SAMUEL, OF FEZ – Father of Jacob Ḥagiz and grand-father of Moses Ḥagiz; according to an epitaph, died in 1634. He edited Solomon Duran's "Tif'eret Yisrael" about 1596, and wrote: "Debar Shemu'el," a haggadic commentary, especially on Deuteronomy...
HAIDA, ABRAHAM BEN SIMEON – Printer in Prague between 1612 and 1628; son of Simeon Haida. In 1610, with Moses Uṭiẓ and Gershon Popers, he assisted in the printing of Samuel Laniado's "Keli Ḥemdah." In 1612 he was associated with Moses Uṭiẓ in the printing...
HAIR – Biblical Data: The hair of the ancient Hebrews was generally black (comp. Cant. iv. 1, v. 11). In Eccl. xi. 10 black hair is designated as a sign of youth in contrast with the white hair of age. Josephus narrates ("Ant." xvi. 8,...
HAIR – Biblical Data: The hair of the ancient Hebrews was generally black (comp. Cant. iv. 1, v. 11). In Eccl. xi. 10 black hair is designated as a sign of youth in contrast with the white hair of age. Josephus narrates ("Ant." xvi. 8,...
ḤALAKAH – Noun, derived from the verb , "to go," "to walk." The act of going or walking is expressed by , while the closely related is used only in the sense of "way of acting," "habit," "usage," "custom," and especially "guidance" and...
HALFORD, GEORGE EDWARD – Private in the mounted infantry of the City of London Imperial Volunteers; born 1878; died at Karee, near Bloemfontein, May 15, 1900, during the war with the Transvaal (1899-1900). He was educated at University College School,...
HAM – Biblical Data: Second son of Noah (Gen. v. 32); mentioned second in the table of the nations (Gen. x. 6), where his descendants are given. In Gen. ix. 24 he appears as the youngest of Noah's sons, who treated his father with...
HAM – Biblical Data: Second son of Noah (Gen. v. 32); mentioned second in the table of the nations (Gen. x. 6), where his descendants are given. In Gen. ix. 24 he appears as the youngest of Noah's sons, who treated his father with...
HAM – Biblical Data: Second son of Noah (Gen. v. 32); mentioned second in the table of the nations (Gen. x. 6), where his descendants are given. In Gen. ix. 24 he appears as the youngest of Noah's sons, who treated his father with...
ḤAMA B. BISA (BISAI) – Amora of the third century, who formed the middle link of a scholarly trio, and who exceeded his predecessor, as his successor in turn exceeded him, in the acquisition of knowledge. Like many other students, he left home and...
HAMBRO, JOSEPH – Aulic councilor to the King of Denmark; born at Copenhagen Nov. 2, 1780; died in London Oct. 3, 1848. He began hiscareer with a Hamburg firm, afterward, however, devoting himself, as general agent, to the development of his...
HAMBRO' SYNAGOGUE – Founded in London by Mordecai Hamburger in 1702, as a protest against the tyranny of Abraham of Hamburg, the parnas of the Great Synagogue. Its members met at Hamburger's house, in Magpye alley, Fenchurch street, the rabbi being...
HAMBURG – German city on the right bank of the Elbe, between Sleswick-Holstein and Hanover. The first Jewish settlers were Portuguese Maranos, who had fled from their own country under Philip II. and Philip III., at first concealing their...
HAMBURGER, MORDECAI – English communal leader; born in Hamburg about 1660; died in London about 1730; founder of the Hambro' Synagogue. He was a son of R. Moses ben Löb, one of the founders of the Altona community. He married Fradche, the daughter of...
HA-MELIẒ – The oldest Hebrew newspaper in Russia. It was foundedby Alexander Zederbaum, in Odessa, in 1860, as a weekly, and was transferred to St. Petersburg in 1871. Its publication was several times suspended for lack of support or by...
HANAMEEL – Biblical Data: Son of Shallum and cousin of Jeremiah. The latter purchased a field from him for seventeen shekels of silver in token of his belief that the Israelites would return to their land (Jer. xxxii. 7-12).E. G. H. M....
HANANIAH (AḤUNAI) – Exilarch (761-771?). He was a younger brother of Anan ben David, the founder of Karaism; according to the Karaites, whose contention was that Anan's father was the son of the exilarch Ḥasdai, he was a nephew of Solomon ben...
HANAU, SOLOMON BEN JUDAH – German grammarian; born at Hanau (whence his surname) in 1687; died at Hanover Sept. 4, 1746. When but twenty-one he published at Frankfort-on-the-Main, where he had settled, a Hebrew grammar in which the ancient grammarians...
HANBURY, LILY – English actress; educated in London, where she is still (1903) residing. Her début was made in 1888 at a revival of W. S. Gilbert's "Pygmalion and Galatea" at the Savoy Theater in that city. She has since appeared on most of the...
HAND – Traces of the custom of tattooing are found in the expression "to inscribe the hands for some one (Isa. xliv. 5, xlix. 16; comp. Gal. vi. 17; see Grunwald, "Cultur- und Kunstgesch. Entwicklung der Schriftzeichen," p. 1). The...
HANDICRAFTS – Since the article Artisans was written, the preliminary results of an inquiry made during the years 1898-99 by the Jewish Colonization Association as to the occupations of the Jews of Russia have been published, giving the...