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Joseph Jacobs, B.A.

Formerly President of the Jewish Historical Society of England; Corresponding Member of the Royal Academy of History, Madrid; New York City.

Contributions:
ḤANINA (HANANIAH) II. – Amora of the fifth century; contemporary of the Palestinian Mani II., and of Rabina, one of the compilers of the Babylonian Talmud (Yer. Ber. iii. 6a; Niddah 66b). Ḥanina attended the schools of Palestine, his native country,...
ḤANINA (HANANIAH) B. ABBAHU – Palestinian amora of the fourth generation, sometimes cited as Ḥanina of Cæsarea (Cant. R. i. 2). The Talmud relates that his father, R. Abbahu, sent him to the academies at Tiberias to study, but that he devoted himself instead...
ḤANINA B. 'AGUL – Palestinian scholar of the third century; junior contemporary of Ḥiyya b. Abba and Tanḥum b. Ḥanilai. Ḥanina applied to Ḥiyya to explain why the expression "that it may go well with thee," contained in the second version of the...
ḤANINA (HANANIAH) B. ANTIGONUS – Tanna of priestly descent; contemporary of Akiba and Ishmael (Bek. vii. 5). It is supposed that in his youth he had witnessed the service of the Temple of Jerusalem, since he knew the fluters that played before the altar...
HANNOVER, RAPHAEL LEVI – Mathematician and astronomer; son of Jacob Joseph; born at Weikersheim, Franconia, 1685; died at Hanover May 17, 1779. He was educated at the Jewish school of Hanover and at the yeshibah of Frankfort-on-the-Main, and became...
HAPAX LEGOMENA – Biblical Data: Words or forms of words that occur once only. There are about 1,500 of these in the Old Testament; but only 400 are, strictly, "hapax legomena"; i.e., are either absolutely new coinages of roots, or can not be...
HARAN – 1. Third son of Terah and consequently the youngest brother of Abraham; he was born in Ur of the Chaldees, where he died while his father was still living. He had three children, Lot and two daughters, Milcah and Iscah. Milcah...
HARAN – City to which Terah went from Ur of the Chaldees, and where Terah died (Gen. xi. 31, 32). It was situated in Aram-naharaim, generally translated "Mesopotamia" (Gen. xxiv. 10), and is definitely indicated as in Padan-aram (Gen....
HARDT, HERMANN VON DER – German Protestant theologian and philologist; born at Melle, Westphalia, Nov. 15, 1660; died Feb. 28, 1746. He studied at Osnabrück, Jena, and Hamburg, and became professor of Oriental languages at the University of Helmstädt...
HARE – Animal mentioned in Lev. xi. 6 and Deut. xiv. 7 among the unclean animals, "because he cheweth the cud, but divideth not the hoof." The idea that the hare chews the cud probably arose from the constant moving of its jaws and...
HARRIS, SIR AUGUSTUS GLOSSOP – English actor, playwright, and theatrical manager; born in Paris 1852; died at Folkestone, England, June 22, 1896. Harris made possible the renascence in London of grand opera, which had lapsed for want of support. Educated in...
HARRIS, DAVID – English soldier and mine-director; born in London 1852. He arrived at the Kimberley diamond fields about 1873, and in dealing in diamonds and claims met with great prosperity. While engaging in business he became an ardent...
HARRIS, MARK – English surveyor and soldier; born March 15, 1869; killed in action in Bechuanaland April 6, 1897. He was a son of Ephraim Harris, head master of the Jews' School at Manchester, where he was educated; afterward he was articled...
HART, AARON – First chief rabbi of the Ashkenazic Jews in England; born at Breslau in 1670; died in the year 1756. After studying at a yeshibah in Poland, he married the daughter of R. Samuel ben Phoebus of Fürth, author of a commentary on...
HART, ERNEST ABRAHAM – English physician and editor; born in London 1836; died there Jan. 7, 1898. He was educated at the City of London School and Queen's College, Cambridge. Choosing medicine as a profession, he was entered at St. George's Hospital,...
HART, HENRY JOHN – Australian magistrate; born in New York May 7, 1820; died 1884. Educated at Columbia College, New York, he was destined for the legal profession; but, evincing a distaste for the law, he left New York and went to Sydney in 1839....
HART, SIR ISRAEL – Ex-mayor of Leicester, England; born 1835. Chairman of the Hart and Levy Company, wholesale clothing manufacturers, he has been prominently identified with the municipal life of Leicester since the year 1874, when he was elected...
HART, MOSES – Founder of Duke's Place Synagogue, London; born in Breslau; died in London 1756; brother of Rabbi Uri Phoebus (Aaron Hart), chief rabbi of the Ashkenazic Jews of England. During the high-treasurership of Lord Godolphin in the...
HART, SOLOMON ALEXANDER – Artist, and librarian at the Royal Academy, London; born at Plymouth April, 1806; died in London June 11, 1881. In 1823 he was entered at the Royal Academy as a student of painting. His earliest work was a portrait miniature of...
HARTMANN, ANTON THEODOR – German author; born at Düsseldorf June 25, 1774; died at Rostock April 20, 1838. At Göttingen, Eichhorn led him to turn his attention to the study of the Old Testament and of Oriental languages. He taught for fifteen years, and...
HARTOG, CÉCILE – English composer and pianist; born in London. She studied music under C. K. Salaman, and afterward at the Royal Academy of Music, London, also receiving instruction from F. H. Cowen, Bargiel, Oscar Beringer, andKarl Klindworth...
HARTOG, MARION – English writer; born at Portsea on Oct. 22, 1821; fifth daughter of Joseph Moss. She was educated by her parents, and at an early age began with her sister Celia the composition of poems and stories. At sixteen they published by...
HARTOG, NUMA EDWARD – First Jewish senior wrangler; born in London May 20, 1846; died June 19, 1871. At Pinches' Commercial School and afterward at University College School he gained all the principal prizes. In 1862 he obtained the Jews'...
HARTOG, PHILIP JOSEPH – English chemist and educationist; born in London March 2, 1864; educated at University College School, at Owens College, Manchester, and at the universities of Paris and Heidelberg; B.Sc. of Victoria University, Manchester, and...
ḤASA – Babylonian amora of the third century, contemporary of Naḥman (b. Jacob) and of Ammi (B. M. 57a). Though he was a poor man, people trusted him with their treasures, making him their bailee, without taking receipts from him. It...