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Joseph Jacobs, B.A.

Formerly President of the Jewish Historical Society of England; Corresponding Member of the Royal Academy of History, Madrid; New York City.

Contributions:
ḤASON, JOSEPH IBN – Talmudist; author of a work entitled "Sefer Bet ha-Melek," containing a commentary on Maimonides' Mishneh Torah; responsa on Oraḥ. Ḥayyim, Yoreh De'ah, and Ḥoshen Mishpaṭ, and novellæ on the Pentateuch (Salonica,...
ḤASDAI I. – Third exilarch of the Arabian period; died in 730. He was a descendant of Bostanai I. and a successor of Ḥanina b. Adai. His eldest son was Solomon b. Ḥasdai, who also, after his father's death, became exilarch. His second son,...
ḤASDAI, ABRAHAM BEN SAMUEL HALEVI – Hebrew translator; lived in Barcelona about 1230. He is supposed to have been the son of the poet Samuel ibn Abraham ibn Ḥasdai ha-Levi (1165-1216; Grätz, "Geschichte," vi. 195). Abraham Ḥasdai was an enthusiastic partizan of...
ḤASDAI, ABU OMAR JOSEPH IBN – Judæo-Spanish poet of the eleventh century; probably born at Cordova; died between 1045 and 1055. Ibn Janaḥ, in his "Luma'" (p. 152="Riḳmah," p. 86; between 1050 and 1055), speaks of Joseph as already dead. He saw him at...
HASIDÆANS – Account in II. Macc. Religious party which commenced to play an important rôle in political life only during the time of the Maccabean wars, although it had existed for quite some time previous. They are mentioned only three...
HAST, MARCUS – London cantor and composer; born at Warsaw in 1840. In 1864 he went to Germany to study music, and on his arrival at Breslau was appointed cantor at the chief Orthodox synagogue. While at Breslau he gave instruction to many...
HAURAN – A region east of the Jordan and north of Gilead, reaching east to the desert. It is mentioned in Ezek. xlvii. 16, 18, in connection with the eastern border of the land of Israel, as the land between Damascus and Gilead. The...
HAWK – The rendering of given by the English versions; it is enumerated among the unclean birds in Lev. xi. 16; Deut. xiv. 15. The Hebrew word, to which is added "after its kind," may designate any of the smaller diurnal birds of prey,...
ḤAYYIM, AARON IBN – Rabbi at Hebron, later at Smyrna; grandson of Aaron ben Abraham ibn Ḥayyim, author of the "Ḳorban Aharon." He was one of the victims of the earthquake which occurred in Smyrna in July, 1688. Considered one of the most prominent...
ḤAYYIM B. HANANEEL HA-KOHEN – French tosafist of the second half of the twelfth century. He was a pupil of R. Jacob b. Meïr (Tam), with whom he discussed legal questions. Ḥayyim was the maternal grandfather of Moses of Coucy, author of the "Semag" ("Sefer...
ḤAYYIM (JOSHUA), PHEIBEL BEN ISRAEL, OF TARNIGROD – Geographer of the eighteenth century. He wrote a geography of Palestine, in Hebrew, entitled "Ḳaẓwe Areẓ" (Zolkiev, 1772). In the second edition (Grodno, 1818) it bore the title "Ereẓ Yisrael li-Gebuloteha Sabib."Bibliography:...
ḤAYYUN, ABRAHAM BEN NISSIM – Portuguese scholar; father of Don Joseph Ḥayyun, rabbi of Lisbon; lived in the fifteenth and sixteenth centuries. He was the author of an ethical work entitled "Amarot Ṭehorot" (Constantinople, 1516).Bibliography: Kayserling,...
ḤAZZAN – Communal official. The word is probably borrowed from the Assyrian "ḥazanu," "ḥazannu" (overseer, director; see Delitzsch, "Assyrisches Handwörterbuch," p. 272a; connected with the Hebrew , meaning "vision"). "Ḥazanuti" (plural...
HE-ḤALUẒ – Hebrew magazine or year-book which appeared irregularly between 1852 and 1889. Its German title, "Wissenschaftliche Abhandlungen über Jüdische Geschichte, Literatur, und Alterthumskunde," indicates the nature of its contents. It...
HEILPRIN – Besides the numerous Heilbrons, Heilbronners, Heilpruns, and Heilbruns who are known to have lived between the middle of the sixteenth century and the present time, there are four distinct branches of the Heilprin family. 0The...
HEILPRIN, JOEL BEN URI – Galician thaumaturge; lived at Satanow in the first half of the eighteenth century. Possessed of a fair knowledge of medicine and physics, he pretended to effect cures and perform miracles by means of the Cabala and the Holy...
HEINE – The family made illustrious by the poet can be traced back on the father's side to one Isaac Heine (Hehne), who lived at Bückeburg in the electorate of Hanover, and visited the Leipsic fair in 1697. The following sketch pedigree...
HEINE, HEINRICH – German lyric poet and essayist; born at Düsseldorf Dec. 13, 1797; died in Paris Feb. 17, 1856; son of Samson Heine and Betty von Geldern. Though named after his father's brother Hertz, he was chiefly influenced in his early days...
HEINE, SOLOMON – German merchant and philanthropist; born in Hanover 1767; died in Hamburg Dec. 26, 1844. Going to Hamburg when he was sixteen and practically penniless, by 1797 he had become one of the chief members of the banking firm of...
HELICON – Court fool, and a favorite of the Roman emperor Caligula (37-41); an Egyptian by birth. He appears to have been especially fond of deriding the Jews. With Apelles of Ascalon he helped bring about the failure of the embassy of...
HELIOPOLIS (ON) – Egyptian city, whence came Poti-pherah, Joseph's father-in-law (Gen. xli. 45, 50; xlvi. 20). It is mentioned also in Ezek. xxx. 17, where the punctuation , Awen, is to be corrected to , On. The versions render "Heliopolis" in...
HENGSTENBERG, ERNST WILHELM – German Bible exegete; born Oct. 20, 1802, at Fröndenberg, Westphalia; died at Berlin May 28, 1869; studied theology and Oriental languages at the University of Bonn.He was the author of: "Christologie des Alten Testaments,"...
HENRIQUES, AMOS – English physician; born in Jamaica 1812; died June 5, 1880. He went to England in 1830 to study medicine, entered St. Thomas' Hospital, and in due course obtained his diploma as surgeon. In 1833 he went to France and graduated...
HENRIQUES, DAVID QUIXANO – Anglo-Jewish reformer; born May 13, 1804; died in London March 6, 1870; son of Abraham Q. Henriques. He was a director of the City Bank and the Bank of Australasia. In early life an active worker of the Portuguese synagogue, and...
HENRIQUES, JACOB QUIXANO – West-Indian merchant; born at Spanish Town, Jamaica, 1811; died in London Oct. 17, 1898. A son of Abraham Q. Henriques, he was early associated in business with his brother David, in the firm of Henriques Brothers, West-Indian...