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Joseph Jacobs, B.A.

Formerly President of the Jewish Historical Society of England; Corresponding Member of the Royal Academy of History, Madrid; New York City.

Contributions:
BARABBAS – Prisoner of the Romans released by the procurator Pontius Pilate. The reason for his incarceration is given differently in various books of the New Testament. In Matt. xxvii. 16, he is called "a notable prisoner"; according to...
BARI – Seaport town in Apulia, Italy, on the Adriatic; capital of the district of the same name. As the center of an extended trade with Triest, Corfu, Messina, and the Orient, Bari was at all times a place of importance; information,...
BARLAAM AND JOSAPHAT – A romantic tale under this title, giving extracts from the life of Buddha and some of his parables in Christian form, which has led to the adoption of the two titular heroes, as unofficial saints, into the calendar of the...
BARLOW, THOMAS – Bishop of Lincoln; born in Westmoreland in 1607; died Oct. 8, 1691. He was educated at Appleby, and removed thence to Queen's College, Oxford. In 1654 he was appointed keeper of the Bodleian Library. Afterward he was made...
BARNATO, BARNETT ISAACS – English "diamond king," promoter, and speculator; born in London July 5, 1852; committed suicide by jumping from the deck of the steamship "Scot," June 14, 1897. His father, Isaac Isaacs, was a small general dealer with a...
BARNETT, ARYEH LOEB – Dayyan in London; locally known as "Rabbi Aryeh Loeb"; born at Krotoschin, in the grand duchy of Posen, in 1797; died in London Feb. 10, 1878. For many years his father had been head of the "bet din" of his native place; and he...
BARNETT, JACOB – Hebrew teacher at Oxford about 1613. He gave instruction to the students, under the direction of Richard Killye, regiusprofessor of Hebrew. When Isaac Casaubon visited the university in 1613, he was much struck by Barnett's...
BARNETT, JOHN – English composer; born at Bedford, England, July 1, 1802; died at Cheltenham April 17, 1890. He made his début as a singer at the Lyceum in 1813, when only eleven years of age; but two years later the breaking of his voice led...
BARNETT, JOHN FRANCIS – English musician; born at London Oct. 16, 1837; nephew of John Barnett. He was a pianoforte pupil of Dr. Wylde, and in 1850, and again in 1852, received the queen's scholarship at the Royal Academy of Music. In 1853 he made his...
BARNETT, LIONEL D. – English author; born at Liverpool 1871, educated at the High School, Liverpool, and Trinity College, Cambridge, where he had a phenomenally successful career in the classical tripos, showing particular eminence in Greek, taking...
BARNETT, MORRIS – Dramatist and actor; born in 1800; died at Montreal March 18, 1856. He was originally trained for the musical profession, but decided to become an actor. After a provincial tour he appeared in 1833 at Drury Lane Theater, London,...
BASEVI, GEORGE (JOSHUA) – Architect; born in London in 1794; died at Ely in 1845. He was the son of George Basevi, whose sister, Maria, had married Isaac Disraeli and was the mother of the earl of Beaconsfield. Educated at first by Dr. Burney at...
BATH – City, borough, and capital of the county of Somersetshire, England. Though as old as Roman times—in which it was known as "Aquaeæ, Solis," from its hot springs—Jews do not appear to have resided there until quite recently. It is...
BAZE, ABRAHAM DE – A prominent Jew in the principality of Orange, Burgundy, at the beginning of the sixteenth century. When the Jews were forced by a decree of Philibert of Luxemburg (issued at Courthezon April 20, 1505) to quit Orange, a period...
BECK, MATTHEW FREDERICK – German Orientalist and divine; born May 22, 1649; died Feb. 2, 1701. He studied Oriental languages under Vossius in Jena, and settled as a preacher at Augsburg. He published a translation of the Targum on Chronicles, 1630-33,...
BEDDINGTON, ALFRED H. – English communal worker; born 1835; died in London Jan. 23, 1900. He was connected with the management of several Jewish institutions in London, and was intimately associated with the Central Synagogue, of which he and his...
BEDDINGTON, EDWARD HENRY – Euglish communal worker; born 1819; died Oct. 31, 1872 He was a member of the council of the United Synagogue and of the committees of several charitable and educational institutions. He rendered services to the community as...
BEDDINGTON, MAURICE – English communal worker; born in 1821; died at Carshalton Sept. 9, 1898. Throughout his life he was identified with most of the London communal institutions. He was one of the original members of the Board of Guardians and...
BEDFORD – Borough and capital of the county of Bedfordshire, England; situated on the River Ouse. The earliest notice of Jews at Bedford is entered on the pipe-rolls of 31 Henry I. (1185), when Solomon and Jacob, Jews of Bedford, paid a...
BEER, RACHEL – English journalist; daughter of Sassoon D. Sassoon. She was educated privately and spent two years in hospital training. SinceOct., 1893, she has managed and edited the "Sunday Times," of which she is proprietress. Mrs. Beer is...
BEHREND, HENRY – Physician and communal worker; born in Liverpool in 1828; died in London Nov. 28, 1893. After completing a brilliant academical career, he studied for the medical profession at University College Hospital, London, and continued...
BEHRENS, SIR JACOB – Municipal worker at Bradford, England; born at Pyrmont, Germany, Nov., 1806; died at Torquay April 22, 1889. His father, removing to Hamburg in 1815, became a successful merchant; and Jacob began his career by entering his...
BEIT, ALFRED – South African financier; born of a well-known Hamburg Jewish family in 1853. Beit went to Kimberley during the early days of the diamond "rush" (1875), and in company with Barney Barnato, Cecil Rhodes, H. J. King (Friedlander),...
BELAIS – Rabbi and poet; born in Tunis 18th of Ab, 1773; died in London 1853. An eccentric personality, he had a curious career. First rabbi in Tunis and treasurer to the Bey, being pressed by his creditors, he left his home and went to...
BELASCO, ABRAHAM – English pugilist; born in London, England, April 9, 1797; died there. Belasco entered the prize-ring in 1817, when he defeated Cribb's "Coal-Heaver," a pugilist patronized by Tom Cribb, champion of England (1805-20). During that...