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The unedited full-text of the 1906 Jewish Encyclopedia
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Joseph Jacobs, B.A.

Formerly President of the Jewish Historical Society of England; Corresponding Member of the Royal Academy of History, Madrid; New York City.

Contributions:
BELASCO, ISRAEL – English pugilist; born in London in 1800; a brother of the better-known Abraham or "Aby" Belasco. His first appearance in the prize-ring was on July 23, 1817, at Moulsey Heath, England, where after a battle of thirty rounds he...
BELFAST – Chief town of the county of Antrim, province of Ulster, Ireland. The Jewish community—a comparatively prosperous one—numbering some 400 or 500 souls, is of recent date; its foundation being due to M. A. Jaffe, who arrived there...
BELILLA, DAVID – One of the leading Jews in Cranganore, sixteen miles north of Cochin, southern India, about the middle of the sixteenth century. Together with Samuel Castiel, Ephraim Salaḥ, and Joseph Levi, he built a synagogue in Cranganore...
BELINFANTE FAMILY – A Sephardic Jewish family who trace their ancestry to Joseph Cohen Belinfante, a fugitive from Portugal to Turkey in 1526. The family included a number of writers and divines, the most eminent of the latter being Ẓaddiḳ Cohen...
BELISARIO, MIRIAM MENDES – English authoress and teacher; born in London about 1820; died there 1885. She was a granddaughter of Isaac Mendes Belisario (see Lyson, "Environs of London," iii. 429), and with her sisters for many years kept a girls' school...
BELLS – The use of Bells for summoning seems to have arisen in the Far East, and was not customary in countries bordering the Mediterranean until late Roman times (Sittl, "Archäologie der Kunst," p. 246). Small disks, however, were...
BELMONTE, B. E. COLAÇO – Lawyer and writer in Surinam, Dutch West Indies, about the middle of the eighteenth century. He published "Over de Hervorming van het Regeringostelsel in Nederlandsch West-Indië" (Leyden, 1857); "Werkzaamheden der Surinamsche...
BELMONTE, BENVENIDA COHEN – Poetess; lived in London at the beginning of the eighteenth century. She was a sister of the Mæcenas Mordecai Nuñez Almeyda, and was among those who sang the praise of Lopez Laguna's "Espejo Fiel de Vidas" (London, 1720). She...
BENAS, BARON L. – English communal worker; born in Liverpool, England, 1844. Has been throughout his life a leading figure in the Liverpool Old Hebrew congregation, of which he is one of the trustees.During the Russian emigration of 1882 he...
BENDER, ALFRED PHILIPP – Rabbi at Cape Town, South Africa; born at Dublin, Ireland, 1863; educated by his father, Rev. Philipp Bender, for many years rabbi of the Dublin congregation. Bender finished his education at St. John's College, Cambridge, Eng.,...
BENEDICT, SIR JULIUS – Composer, conductor, and teacher of music; born at Stuttgart Nov. 27, 1804; died in London June 5, 1885. Showing considerable musical talent as a boy, he became, at the age of fifteen, the pupil of Hummel at Weimar, and was...
BENEDICT OF YORK – Leading member of the Jewish community in York, England, at the end of the twelfth century; died in 1189. Together with Josce of York he attended the coronation of Richard I., and in the riot which took place on that occasion...
BENHAM, ARTHUR – Dramatic author; born 1875; died at Brighton, Eng., Sept. 8, 1895. He was a playwright of considerable promise, and was the author of two plays, "The County" and "The Awakening"—the latter produced for a short run at the...
BENI-ISRAEL – Native Jews of India, dwelling mainly in the presidency of Bombay and known formerly by the name of Shanvar Telis ("Saturday Oil-Pressers") in allusion to their chief occupation and their Sabbath-day. The Beni-Israel avoided the...
BENI-ISRAEL – Native Jews of India, dwelling mainly in the presidency of Bombay and known formerly by the name of Shanvar Telis ("Saturday Oil-Pressers") in allusion to their chief occupation and their Sabbath-day. The Beni-Israel avoided the...
BENISCH, ABRAHAM – Journalist and theologian; born at Drosau, a small town eight miles southwest of Klattau, Bohemia, in 1811; died at Hornsey Rise, a suburb of London, England, July 31, 1878. He studied surgery in Prague about 1836—while a...
BENJAMIN, SIR BENJAMIN – Mayor of Melbourne; born at London in 1836. At the age of nine he accompanied his parents to Victoria. Associating himself at first with the firm of Benjamin & Co., merchants, he subsequently entered into partnership with the...
BENJAMIN OF CANTERBURY – English rabbi; disciple of Rabbi Tam; died at the beginning of the thirteenth century. He is mentioned in the list of medieval rabbis drawn up by Solomon Luria (see Grätz, "Gesch. der Juden," vi. 365). Only one halakic decision...
BENJAMIN, DAVID – Communal worker; born in London in 1815; died there June 25, 1893. In 1835 he emigrated to Australia; and, while in Tasmania, assisted in founding a synagogue. Soon afterward he settled in Melbourne, joining his brother Solomon,...
BENJAMIN, MICHAEL HENRY – South African politician; born in London in 1822; died June 11, 1879.Early in life Benjamin went to Cape Colony (about the year 1849), and for ten years resided at Graaff-Reinet, where he was the promoter of several useful...
BENJAMIN, MOSES – Beni-Israel military officer; born in 1830; died at Bombay in December, 1897. The son of a subedar (captain), he joined the Twelfth Bombay Native Infantry as a private. While a non-commissioned officer he was entrusted with the...
BENJAMIN, SIMEON – English Hebrew grammarian, who published in 1773 at London "Da'at Ḳedoshim" (Knowledge of the Holy), a short Hebrew grammar. It deserves attention as one of the earliest works composed by an Ashkenazi in England.Bibliography:...
BENJAMIN, WILLIAM – English pugilist; born at Northleach, Gloucestershire, England, in 1826. Benjamin's first match was with Tom Sayers, the champion of England from 1857 to 1860, for £200 a side, the battle taking place on the Isle of Grain, in...
BENMOHEL, NATHAN LAZARUS – The first conforming Jew obtaining a degree in a British university; born at Hamburg about 1800; died in 1869. He settled in Dublin in 1829 as teacher of languages; entered the university after a course of private study in 1832;...
BENNETT, HENRY – Sergeant in the British army; born in England 1863; killed in action during the war with the Afridis, November, 1897. He was a grandson of Solomon Bennett, the engraver, who translated the Hebrew Bible into English in 1841....