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Jacques Kahn,

Rabbi, Paris, France.

Contributions:
HAVRE – French seaport, on the estuary of the Seine. It has a population of 118,478, of whom about 50 are Jews (1903). In 1850 a dozen Jewish families united for the celebration of Rosh ha-Shanah and Yom Kippur, in an apartment at No....
JAVAL, ERNEST LEOPOLD – French administrative officer; born Sept. 25, 1843, at Paris; died there Sept. 1, 1897; son of Leopold Javal. He was a lieutenant in the Gardes Mobiles during the Franco-Prussian war (1870-71). In 1877 he was appointed...
KLEIN, SOLOMON – French rabbi; born at Bischheim, Alsace, Oct. 14, 1814; died at Colmar, Alsace, Nov. 10, 1867. He was successively district rabbi at Bischheim (1839-41), Durmenach (1841-48), and Rixheim (1848-50). From 1850 to 1867 he was grand...
LEHMANN, JOSEPH – French chief rabbi; born at Belfort Nov. 1, 1843. He numbers among his ancestors on his father's side R. David Diespeck, the author of "Pardes Dawid" (Sulzbach, 1786), and on his mother's side six Swabian rabbis. Educated at...
LEHMANN, LEONCE – French lawyer; born at Augsburg, Bavaria, Feb. 24, 1836; died in Paris Dec. 27, 1892. He was educated in the latter city, where he studied law, and in 1856 became private secretary to Dr. Spitzer, Turkish minister to Naples,...
LEVEN, MANUEL – French physician; born in 1831. He studied in Paris at the Lycée Henri IV., and in 1851 entered the Institut Agronomique at Versailles. In the following year this institution was suppressed on suspicion of republicanism, and...
LEVEN, NARCISSE – French lawyer and communal worker; born at Urdingen, on the Rhine, Oct. 15, 1833; educated at the Lycée Henri IV. and at the Faculty of Law in Paris. For five years he was the secretary of Adolphe Crémieux, and he was an active...
LÉVI, ISRAEL – French rabbi and scholar; born at Paris July 7, 1856. He was ordained as rabbi by the Rabbinical Seminary of Paris in 1879; appointed assistant rabbi to the chief rabbi of Paris in 1882; professor of Jewish history and...
LÉVY, ALPHONSE – French painter; born at Marmoutier, Alsace, in 1843; educated at the Strasburg lyceum. At the age of seventeen he went to Paris, where he studied under Gérôme. As an illustrator, Lévy has drawn for all the great Parisian...
LÉVY, AUGUST MICHEL – French engineer, geologist, and mineralogist; born at Paris Aug. 17, 1844; son of Michel Lévy. In 1862 he entered the Ecole Polytechnique, and two years later the school of mines, becoming engineer in 1867, and engineer-in-chief...
LÉVY, GUSTAVE – French engraver; born at Toul June 21, 1819; died at Paris in 1894; a pupil of Geille. He exhibited first at the Salon of 1844, and engraved the portraits of Madrazzo, Rigaud, and a number of others. Special mention may be made...
LÉVY, HENRI LÉOPOLD – French painter; born at Nancy Sept. 23, 1840; pupil of the Ecole des Beaux-Arts and of Picot, Cabanel, and Fromentin. His first exhibit was "Hecuba Finding the Body of Her Son Polydorus on the Shore," at the Salon of 1865; at...
LÉVY-BRUHL, LUCIEN – French philosopher; born at Paris April 10, 1857; educated at the Lycée Charlemagne and the Ecole Normale Supérieure. In 1879 he received the degree of "agrégé en philosophic," and was at once called to a professorship in...
LISBONNE, EUGENE – Lawyer, and a member of the French Senate; born at Nyons, near Avignon, Aug. 2, 1818; died at Montpellier Feb. 6, 1891. He was a lawyer at Montpellier under the government of July, 1830, and became attorney of the republic at...
MARX, DAVID – Chief rabbi of Bordeaux, France; born at Landau, Bavaria, in 1807; died Feb., 1864. On his graduation from the Ecole Centrale Rabbinique at Metz he assumed charge of the Ecole Religieuse Israélite at Nancy; and in June, 1837,...
MARX, SAMUEL – Chief rabbi of Bayonne, France; born in 1817 at Dürkheim, Bavaria; died in 1887; cousin of David Marx. On completing his studies at the Ecole Centrale Rabbinique at Metz, he became director of the Ecole Religieuse Israélite at...
MILLAUD, MOÏSE-POLYDORE – French journalist and banker; born at Bordeaux Aug. 27, 1813; died at Paris 1871. The son of a poor Jewish tradesman, he received but a meager education, and entered a bailiff's office as clerk. He applied himself to literature...
MIRÈS, JULES ISAAC – French financier; born at Bordeaux Dec. 9, 1809; died at Marseilles in 1871. A broker in 1848, he became, after the February Revolution of that year, director of the gas company of Arles. Subsequently he bought the "Journal des...
MOCH, JULES – French officer; colonel of the 130th Regiment of Infantry; born at Sarrelouis Aug. 4, 1829; died at Paris Aug. 8, 1881. On completing his classical studies at the lycée of Metz, he entered the military school of Saint-Cyr (1849)...
MOSSE, BENJAMIN – Rabbi of Avignon, France; born at Nimes Dec. 8, 1832; died at Marseilles July 24, 1892. Mosse was the founder of the monthly periodical "La Famille de Jacob." He was the author of: "Un Ange du Ciel sur la Terre," poems; "Droits...
NAUMBOURG, SAMUEL – French composer; born at Dennenlohe, Bavaria, March 15, 1817; died at Saint-Mandé, near Paris, May 1, 1880. After having held the office of ḥazzan and reader at Besançon and directed the choir of the synagogue at Strasburg, he...
NETTER, CHARLES – French philanthropist; born at Strasburg in 1828; died at Jaffa, Palestine, Oct. 2, 1882. He studied at Strasburg and Belfort, and then engaged in business in Paris. He was one of the founders of the Alliance Israélite...
NETTER, JUSTIN ARNOLD – French physician; born at Strasburg Sept. 20, 1855. He studied in the hospitals of Paris between 1876 and 1884 ("externe," 1876-77; "interne," 1879-82; "interne laureate," 1883-84), and received his degree in medicine in 1883....
NEYMARCK, ALFRED – French economist and statistician; born at Châlons-sur-Marne Jan. 3, 1848. He was editor of the "Revue Contemporaine" in 1868-69, and in 1869 founded "Le Rentier," an economic and financial paper which he still (1904) manages....
OLLENDORF, GUSTAVE – Art critic; born at Paris March 4, 1850; died at Saint-Cloud Sept. 19, 1891. Both Gustave and his brother Paul, the present (1904) editor of "Gil Blas," received their Jewish education from the chief rabbi Zadoc Kahn. During the...