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Louis Ginzberg, Ph.D.

Professor of Talmud, Jewish Theological Seminary of America, New York City.

Contributions:
ABRAHAM BEN ELIEZER HA-LEVI – German Talmudist; flourished in the second half of the thirteenth century. Probably he was a pupil of R. Meir of Rothenburg (died 1293), to whom he applied for decisions in difficult ritualistic cases. He also maintained a...
ABRAHAM BEN ELIJAH HA-KOHEN – German ritualist; flourished in the fifteenth century. His epitome of the precepts governing prohibited articles of food was printed for the first time in 1599, as an appendix to the Basel edition of Isaac Düren's "Sha'are...
ABRAHAM IBN HASSAN HA-LEVI – Author of a work on the six hundred and thirteen Biblical precepts, published as an appendix to the "first" rabbinic Bible (by Daniel Bomberg, Venice, 1517) under the title, "Commands and Prohibitions, by Rabbi Abraham Ibn...
ABRAHAM ḤAYYIM BEN GEDALIAH – Galician Talmudist. He flourished early in the nineteenth century, was a disciple of the brothers Phinehas and Samuel Horowitz, and, like his teachers, is considered one of the most erudite of the Ḥasidim. He did not derive his...
ABRAHAM BEN ḤAYYIM BEN REMOK – Spanish scholar; born in Barcelona about the middle of the fourteenth century. He wrote a commentary on the Psalms which is still extant in manuscript at Oxford (Bodleian, No. 326). Abraham ben Ḥayyim, the author of "Ẓiẓ...
ABRAHAM BAR HILLEL – One of the few Hebrew poets in Egypt; lived in the second half of the twelfth century, and wrote the "Megillah Zuṭṭa" in elegant rimed prose, narrating an important episode of Jewish history in Egypt. As a prologue and an...
ABRAHAM B. ISAAC OF NARBONNE – born probably at Montpellier about 1110; died at Narbonne, 1179. His teacher was Moses b. Joseph b. Merwan ha-Levi, and during the latter's lifetime RABaD II. was appointed president of the rabbinical board of Narbonne—composed...
ABRAHAM BEN JOSEPH HA-LEVI, OF CRACOW – Polish commentator, born at Cracow about 1620; died, probably in Hamburg, about 1670, or at least some time after 1659. In consequence of the persecution of the Jews of Poland by the Cossacks in 1656 he fled from his native city...
ABRAHAM BEN JOSEPH OF ORLEANS – French Talmudist; lived at Orleans, and perhaps at London, in the twelfth century. He belongs to the older tosafists, and his interpretations of the Talmud are quoted several times in the Tosafot. He is mentioned as the father...
ABRAHAM BEN JUDAH – A physician who wrote in Hebrew a medical work, "Mareot ha-Shetanim" (Aspects of the Urine); date of birth and death unknown. According to a statement in the introduction, the author intended his work to be a guide for young...
ABRAHAM HA-LEVI – Tosafist, not yet fully identified. In "Pisḳe Tosafot" an Abraham ha-Levi is quoted who is not known otherwise than under this name. However, it is probable that he was identical with one of the many German or French tosafists...
ABRAHAM OF LUNEL – A celebrated French philologist of the sixteenth century, who is said to have mastered twenty languages. He embraced Christianity, and about 1537 was made professor of Hebrew at Avignon. As he grew older, however, love for his...
ABRAHAM BEN MEIR HA-KOHEN – Rabbi and hymn-writer of the end of the eleventh century; lived probably at Speyer. He was a colleague of Rashi, with whom he carried on a learned correspondence. In 1096 he composed an elegy (ḳinah) on the persecutions of the...
ABRAHAM BEN MESHULLAM OF MODENA – Hebrew scholar; one of the correctors of the first edition of the Zohar, published at Mantua in 1558-60, in praise of which he wrote verses which were printed in the preface. He has been frequently mistaken for Abraham Abigdor...
ABRAHAM THE MONK – A Palestinian friar who lived in a monastery on Mount Sinai. He was born about the close of the sixth century, and became a convert to Judaism about 615. As a Christian, he spent his life in penance and prayer. Doubts as to the...
ABRAHAM OF MONTPELLIER – Commentator on the greater part of the Talmud. His commentaries on Ḥullin and Ketubot are quoted by Jacob ben Moses of Bagnols, who wrote between 1357-61, and by Menahem di Lonzano, who lived in the second half of the sixteenth...
ABRAHAM BEN MOSES OF REGENSBURG – German tosafist, who flourished about 1200 at Ratisbon, Germany. His interpretations of the Talmud and halakic decisions are found in the Tosafot and in other writings.Bibliography: Zunz, Z. G. p. 48; Michael, Or ha-Ḥayyim, No....
ABRAHAM BEN NATHAN – French author; born in the second half of the twelfth century, probably at Lunel, Languedoc. He received his education in that town, after which he is sometimes called ("RABN" = Rabbi Abraham ben Nathan—R. Eliezer ben Nathan has...
ABRAHAM OF NIORT – Talmudic commentator; lived at Niort (now in the department of Deux Sèvres), France, in the second half of the fourteenth century. Isaac de Lattes, in his chronicle "Sha'are Zion," refers to him as a notable scholar and...
ABRAHAM SAMUEL – Talmudist, preacher, and liturgical poet; flourished about the middle of the sixteenth century. He was a pupil of Abraham Motal, rabbi of Salonica, and later became teacher and preacher at Istib (Rumelia). He died childless...
ABRAHAM SON OF SAMUEL THE PIOUS – An eminent Talmudic scholar and elegist, the brother of Judah the Pious (of the Ḳalonymus family); was born at Speyer about the second half of the twelfth century. He attained a very old age, for Rabbi Eliezer ben Nathan (RABN)...
ABRAHAM, SAMUEL, OF SOFIA – A Turkish Talmudist who flourished in the middle of the seventeenth century. In collaboration with Michael ben Moses ha-Kohen he wrote "Moreh Ẓedeḳ" (Teacher of Righteousness), which wasprinted in Salonica in 1655. This is in...
ABRAHAM BEN SOLOMON – Talmudic scholar, who flourished in Italy at the beginning of the thirteenth century. Some of his interpretations and decisions are recorded by Zedekiah ben Abraham 'Anaw, the author of the "Shibbole ha-Leḳeṭ" (Ears of...
ABRAHAM BEN SOLOMON AKRA – An Italian scholar and editor of scientific works; lived at the end of the sixteenth century. He edited the work "Meharere Nemerim" (Venice, 1599), a collection of several methodological essays and commentaries on various...
ABRAHAM OF TOLEDO – Physician of King Alfonso the Wise of Castile, who esteemed him highly; flourished in the second half of the thirteenth century. At the king's request he translated several books from Arabic into Spanish. One of these was...