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Lazarus Grünhut,

Director of Orphan Asylum, Jerusalem, Palestine.

Contributions:
ASHKENAZI, MOSES DAVID – Talmudist and author; born in Galicia about 1778; died at Safed, Palestine, in 1857. After holding the office of rabbi at Tolcsva, Hungary, from 1803 to 1843, he emigrated to Palestine, settling permanently at Safed. In 1844 he...
CULI, JACOB – Talmudist and Biblical commentator of the seventeenth and eighteenth centuries; died at Constantinople Aug. 9, 1732. He belonged to an exiled Spanish family, and was the grandson and pupil of Moses ibn Ḥabib. He edited various...
ESPERANSSA, GABRIEL – Rabbi at Safed contemporaneously with Jonathan Galante (middle of seventeenth century). It is supposed that he was received as an orphan into the house of a woman by the name of Esperanssa, who adopted and educated him, and...
GARMISON, SAMUEL – Palestinian rabbi of the seventeenth century. He was a native of Salonica, and settled in Jerusalem, where he became rabbi. Of his numerous works only two, and these in manuscript, are extant: "Imre Binah," novellæ on Talmudic...
GAVISON, MEÏR – Egyptian scholar; flourished in the sixteenth and seventeenth centuries. He was one of the rabbis at Cairo at the time of R. Jacob Castro, and was generally recognized as a great Talmudist. One volume of his responsa was seen in...
GOLDSCHMIDT, LAZARUS – German writer; born at Plungiany, Lithuania, Russia, Dec. 17, 1871. He received his rabbinical education at the Talmudic school in Slobodki, near Kovno. In 1888 he went to Germany, and in 1890 entered the Berlin University,...
GUTAH, ZERAHIAH – Talmudic author of the seventeenth century; died at Cairo in 1647. He was a pupil of Jehiel Bassani and Joseph di Trani while living in Constantinople. He removed later to Jerusalem, and thence to Hebron, and finally settled in...
ḤABIB, MOSES IBN – Palestinian rabbi of the seventeenth century. He was a disciple of Jacob Ḥagiz, one of whose daughters he married. He wrote: "Geṭ Pashuṭ," on the laws of divorce, Ortakeni, 1714; "Shammot ba-Areẓ," Talmudic novellæ;...
ḤAGIZ, JACOB – Palestinian Talmudist; born of a Spanish family at Fez in 1620; died at Constantinople 1674. Ḥagiz's teacher was David Karigal ("Ḳorban Minḥah," No. 105), who afterward became his father-in-law. About 1646 Ḥagiz went to Italy...
ḤAGIZ, MOSES – Palestinian rabbi and author; born at Jerusalem in 1671; died at Safed after 1750. His father, Jacob Ḥagiz, died while Moses was still a child. The latter was therefore educated by his maternal grandfather, Moses Galante the...
ḤAḲAN, SAMUEL (SAMUEL HA-LEVI IBN ḤAKIM) – Egyptian rabbi of the sixteenth century, first at Cairo, subsequently at Jerusalem (Levi ibn Ḥabib, Responsa, Nos. 10, 110; Conforte, "Ḳore ha-Dorot," s.v. "Ashkenazi"; Joseph Taytazak, "She'erit Yehudah," ed. Salonica, 1604, p....
ḤAYYIM, ELIJAH IBN – Rabbi of Constantinople, perhaps the immediate successor of Elijah. Mizraḥi; born about 1532; died in the beginning of the seventeenth century. In his responsa the date 1562 is mentioned; another responsum is dated 1601, and it...
ḤAYYON, GEDALIAH – Turkish rabbi: pupil of Alfandari the Younger (see Azulai, "Shem ha-Gedolim," and Grätz, "Gesch." x. 360); born at Constantinople in the second half of the seventeenth century. He settled at Jerusalem; subsequently he traveled...
ḤAYYON, MOSES B. AARON – Rabbi of Jerusalem, later of Safed; flourished at the end of the seventeenth and the beginning of the eighteenth century. He was the colleague of Abraham Yiẓḥaḳi (comp. Grätz, "Gesch." x. 517, note 6) and the son-in-law of Jacob...
HIRSCHENSOHN, ISAAC M. – Jerusalem Talmudist; bibliophile; born at Pinsk, in the government of Minsk, Russia, in 1844. As a boy of three he accompanied his father, Jacob Mordecai Hirschensohn, to Jerusalem, and from him he received instruction in the...
JOSEPH NAZIR BEN ḤAYYIM MOSES HA-LEVI – Palestinian rabbi; born at Hebron about 1650; died probably at Cairo 1719. He studied under Moses Galante and became rabbi at Hebron, from which community he was sent to Europe to solicit alms. Ẓebi Ashkenazi met him in this...
MOSES HA-LEVI HA-NAZIR – Palestinian rabbi of the seventeenth century. He was the father of Joseph ha-Levi and son-in-law of the Talmudist Abraham ibn Hananiah, rabbi of Hebron and pupil of Joseph di Trani. Moses ha-Nazir is known through responsa...
PERAḤYAH, AARON B. ḤAYYIM (ABRAHAM) HA-KOHEN – Rabbi and author; flourished at Salonica in the seventeenth century; a pupil of Ḥasdai Peraḥyah ha-Kohen. He was the author of the following four works: (1) "Paraḥ Maṭṭeh Aharon" (Amsterdam, 1703), responsa written between the...
SHABABO V11p213001.jpg, JESHUA – Egyptian scribe and rabbi; lived in the last quarter of the seventeenth century. His teachers were Rabbis Abraham ha-Levi of Cairo and Joseph Nazir, who afterward became his father-in-law (see Joseph Nazir ben Ḥayyim Moses...
SILVA, HEZEKIAH – Jewish author; born at Leghorn in 1659; died at Jerusalem in 1698; son-in-law of the dayyan Mordecai Befael Malachi. About 1679 he left his native city for Jerusalem, where he attended the yeshibah of Moses Galante, and ten...
ẒAHALON – A family of Spanish origin; represented by members who, after the exile from Spain, settled in Italy and the Orient, where they distinguished themselves as rabbis and scholars.Abraham ben Isaac Ẓahalon: Talmudist and cabalist of...
ZEEBI, ISRAEL – Prominent Talmudist; son of Benjamin Zeebi, and on his mother's side a grandson of Abraham Azulai; born at Hebron in 1651; died in 1731. Benjamin dying when Israel was but four years old, the latter was educated by his mother;...