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Max Schloessinger, Ph.D.

Librarian and Lecturer on Biblical Exegesis, Hebrew Union College, Cincinnati, Ohio.

Contributions:
ḤUSHIEL BEN ELHANAN – President of the bet ha-midrash at Kairwan toward the end of the tenth century. He was born probably in Italy. According to Abraham ibn Daud, he was one of the four scholars who were captured by Ibn Rumaḥis, an Arab admiral,...
IBN – Arabic word (in Hebrew ) meaning "son," and having the shortened form "ben" or "bin" ( ) when standing between the proper name of the father and that of the son, provided both names form part either of the subject or of the...
IBN MIGAS, JOSEPH – Spanish Jew of the eleventh century; ancestor of an important family of scholars. Joseph ibn Migas, greatly respected among the Jews of Granada, where he was probably born, became involved in Granada politics when, after the...
IBN MIGAS, JOSEPH (JEHOSEF) BEN MEÏR HA-LEVI – Spanish rabbi and head of a school in Lucena; born 1077; died in Lucena 1141. His birthplace was probably Seville, where his father, Meïr ha-Levi ibn Migas, and his grandfather, Joseph ha-Levi ibn Migas, had lived after the...
IBN MIGAS, MEÏR – Spanish rabbi, and president of the bet ha-midrash of Seville; flourished in the eleventh century. He was the son of Joseph ibn Migas and the father of Joseph ibn Migas ben Meïr ha Levi. Late in life he was compelled to leave...
IBN SHEM-ṬOB, ISAAC – Philosophical commentator of the fifteenth century; younger brother of Joseph ibn Shem-Ṭob, and a follower of Maimonides. Isaac sided with his brother against their father, Shem-Ṭob ibn Shem-Ṭob, who, in his "Sefer ha-Emunot,"...
IBN SHEM-ṬOB, JOSEPH BEN SHEMṬOB – One of the most prolific Judæo-Spanish writers of the fifteenth century; born in Castile; died 1480. He lived in various cities of Spain: Medina del Campo de Leon (1441); Alcala di Henares (1451); Segovia (1454). Though it is...
IBN SHEM-ṬOB, SHEM-ṬOB (BEN JOSEPH?) – Spanish cabalist; a fanatical opponent of rationalistic philosophy; president of a yeshibah in Spain; lived about 1390-1440 (Gedaliah ibn Yaḥya, "Shalshelet ha-Ḳabbalah," ed. Venice, p. 62b). He was the father of Joseph and...
IBN SHEM-ṬOB, SHEM-ṬOB BEN JOSEPH BEN SHEM-ṬOB – Spanish writer and philosopher; flourished about 1461-89; lived in Segovia and Almazan. He was a follower of Maimonides, even though his grandfather Shem-Ṭob ibn Shem-Ṭob was one of Maimonides' most uncompromising opponents, and...
IBN SHOSHAN – Spanish family of Toledo, which can be traced back to the twelfth century and which is known to have existed up to the seventeenth century. Its first known representative was Solomon, called "Paṭṭish he-Ḥazaḳ" (="the mighty...
IBN TIBBON – Family of translators that lived principally in southern France in the twelfth and thirteenth centuries. On the name "Tibbon" see Steinschneider in "J. Q. R." xi. 621. The more important members of the family were:Abraham ibn...
IBN TIBBON – Family of translators that lived principally in southern France in the twelfth and thirteenth centuries. On the name "Tibbon" see Steinschneider in "J. Q. R." xi. 621. The more important members of the family were:Abraham ibn...
IMMANUEL BEN JEKUTHIEL OF BENEVENTO – Grammarian and corrector for the press at Mantua; lived in the second half of the sixteenth century. He was connected with the printing establishments of Meïr Sofer ben Ephraim of Padua and Jacob ben Naphtali ha-Kohen of Gazolo,...
ISAAC BEN ELIEZER – Ethical writer at Worms; flourished from 1460 to 1480. He attended the lectures of Moses ben Eliezer ha-Darshan (Zunz, "Z. G." p. 105), whom he praises in high terms. Isaac wrote in German an ethical and ascetic treatise under...
ISAAC IBN ḤALFON, ABU IBRAHIM – Spanish poet of the eleventh century. According to Moses ibn Ezra's treatise on poetry (Neubauer, "Cat. Bodl. Hebr. MSS." No. 1974, fol. 316), his father had emigrated from Africa to Andalusia. Isaac was acquainted with Jacob...
ISAAC BEN JACOB THE LEVITE – Rabbi and cantor at Venice; born in 1621. He was the son of a cabalist and a grandson of Judah de Modena, whose "Bet Yehudah" (on haggadic Talmudical passages) Isaac set up in type when only fourteen years old. Isaac had many...
ISAAC IBN JASOS IBN SAḲṬAR – Spanish grammarian; born 982; died at Toledo about 1057-58. He is identified by Steinschneider with the physician Isḥaḳ ibn Ḳasṭar or, as Moses ibn Ezra calls him, Isḥaḳ ibn Saḳṭar ("Z. D. M. G." viii. 551, ix. 838). According...
ISAAC (EISAK) BEN JOSHUA BEN ABRAHAM OF PRAGUE – Physician and parnas of Prague in the sixteenth century. He was the author of "'Olat Yiẓḥaḳ" a collection of ritual laws arranged after the Arba' Ṭurim of Jacob ben Asher. They are in the form of 843 problems or riddles, in one...
ISAAC BEN MELCHIZEDEK OF SIPONTO – Italian rabbi and Talmudist; lived about 1110-70; born in Siponto, a seaport of Apulia and an ancient seat of Jewish learning. His father was known there as an erudite Talmudist and was connected with the bet ha-midrash; Isaac...
ISAAC BEN MOSES ELI (Ha-Sefardi) – Spanish mathematician of the fifteenth century; born at Oriola, Aragon. According to Steinschneider, he may have been one of the Spanish exiles of 1492; he probably went to Constantinople. His brother was possibly the Judah ben...
ISAAC BEN MOSES OF VIENNA – German halakist, a descendant of a learned family; probably born in Bohemia; lived about 1200-70. He mentions as his teachers two Bohemian scholars, Jacob ha-Laban and Isaac ben Jacob ha-Laban (author of "'Arugat ha-Bosem"). Led...
ISAIAH (BEN ELIJAH) DI TRANI (the Younger) – Italian Talmudist and commentator; lived in the thirteenth and fourteenth centuries. He was the grandson, on his mother's side, of Isaiah (ben Mali) di Trani the Elder. He is usually quoted as (= "R. Isaiah Aḥaron, "), or (= "R....
ISAIAH (BEN MALI) DI TRANI (the Elder; RID) – Prominent Italian Talmudist; born about 1180. He originated in Trani (Conforte, "Ḳore ha-Dorot," p. 15a), an ancient settlement of Jewish scholarship, and lived probably in Venice. He died about 1250. He carried on a...
ISḤAḲ BEN YA'ḲUB OBADIAH ABU 'ISA AL-ISFAHANI – Persian founder of a Jewish sect and "herald of the Messiah"; lived at the time of the Ommiad calif 'Abd al-Malik ibn Marwan (684-705). He was of low origin, "a plain tailor"; and his adherents relate that "though he could...
ISRAEL BEN JEHIEL ASHKENAZI – Italian rabbi; lived at the end of the fifteenth and in the early part of the sixteenth century. He was corrector of the edition of the Talmud published in Pesaro 1511-13; and in 1518 he approved the first edition of Elijah...