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The unedited full-text of the 1906 Jewish Encyclopedia
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COBLENZ, GERSON BEN ISAAC MOSES – French rabbi and author; born about 1717; died at Metz in the first half of the eighteenth century. He was a pupil of R. Jacob, author of "Shebut Ya'aḳob," and officiated as dayyan at Metz. Of his works the following are known:...
COHEN-LIPSCHÜTZ, EPHRAIM – Italian rabbi and author of the second half of the seventeenth century. He was one of the rabbis at Modena, and was known as a keen Talmudical scholar. His responsa on Talmudical subjects are found in "Paḥad Yiẓaḳ," by Isaac...
CORINALDI, DAVID ḤAYYIM – Italian rabbi and author of the first half of the eighteenth century. He was a pupil of N. Pincherle, and rabbi at Reggio, Leghorn, and Triest. He wrote "Bet Dawid" (House of David), on the Mishnah; at the end of his work are...
CÖSLIN, ḤAYYIM BEN NAPHTALI – Talmudical scholar and Hebrew grammarian of Berlin; died at Stettin, Prussia, March 21, 1832. He wrote the following works: (1) "Maslul," a Hebrew grammar, written in a catechetical form. It was used for a long time as a primer...
DAVID HA-LEVI – German Talmudist; lived in the eleventh century. He is mentioned in "Mordecai" (Baba Meẓi'a, 332), where his decision is given in an important law question. He is also mentionedin 'Anaw, "Shibbole ha-Leḳeṭ," part i., "Hilkot...
DAVID (TEVELE) BEN MOSES – Russian rabbi and author; born in Turetz, in the government of Minsk, 1792; died at Minsk April 27, 1861. At the age of fifteen he went to Volozhin, where he studied in the yeshibah under Rabbi Ḥayyim, from which he graduated as...
DAVID, SAMUEL BEN JUDAH LÖB – Polish rabbi; died in Dzialshitz, Poland, in 1751. He succeeded his father as rabbi of Shidlow, Poland, when the latter became rabbi of Cracow. About 1731 he was called to Cracow to take the position rendered vacant by the death...
DAVID BEN SAUL – French rabbi; lived in the first half of the thirteenth century. He was the pupil of R. Solomon of Montpellier, and was one of the rabbis of Provence who condemned the philosophical works of Maimonides and the study of...
DOB BAER B. LOEB – Polish rabbi; died in Lemberg 1779. In 1745 he was rabbi at Koznitz in the government of Lublin; in 1754, rabbi of Kroshnik, about which time he went to Yaroslav to meet the rabbis who defended the cause of Jonathan Eybeschütz...
DUEREN, ISAAC BEN MEÏR – German rabbi and codifier; lived in the second half of the thirteenth century at Dueren, from which place he took his name. He was one of the leading German Talmudical authorities of his time; and his work "Sha'are Dura," on the...
EIBENSCHÜTZ, DAVID SOLOMON – Russian rabbi and author; died in Safed, Palestine, 1812. He was a pupil of Rabbi Moses Ẓebi Heller, author of "Geon Ẓebi," and occupied the position of rabbiin Buzhanow, Soroki (Volhynia), and Jassy, (Rumania). From the...
EISENSTADT – Polish family which, when the Jews were compelled to adopt family names, selected the name of Eisenstadt, a town in Hungary, where some of the family became rabbis.Abigdor Eisenstadt, or Abigdor Sofer (ben Moses): Died 24th of...
ELIJAH B. AZRIEL OF WILNA – Grammarian and author, died after 1748. He wrote: "Ma'aneh Eliyahu," rules for Hebrew reading, Frankfort-on-the-Main, 1704; "Miḳra Ḳodesh," rules of Hebrew grammar, Berlin, 1713; "Miktab me-Eliyahu," a commentary on the "Or...
ELIJAH B. JUDAH LÖOB OF WISCHNITZ – Polish rabbi and author; died in 1715. At an early age he left Poland and went to Fulda, Germany, where he became rabbi. He wrote: a commentary on Sheḳalim (Yer.), with quotations of parallel passages, Frankfort-on-the-Main,...
ELIJAH B. SAMUEL OF LUBLIN – Polish rabbi; died at Hebron, Palestine, 1735. He became rabbi of Byala, and later, after residing for some time at Brest-Litovsk, of Eibenschütz, Moravia. In old age he removed to Hebron. Elijah was the author of "Yad Eliyahu,"...
ENOCH ZUNDEL BEN JOSEPH – Russian Talmudist; died at Byelostok 1867. He wrote: a commentary on Midr. Rabbah of the five Megillot, in two parts (Wilna and Grodno, 1829-34; 2d ed., Wilna, 1845); a twofold commentary on Midr. Tan. (ib. 1833); a threefold...
ESTRUMBA – Oriental Jewish family which has produced several rabbinical authors; takes its name from "Strumnitza" in Macedonia.Daniel Estrumsa: Rabbi and Talmudist; died at Salonica (?) in 1654. A pupil of Rabbi Mordecai Ḳala'i, he became...
EZEKIEL FEIWEL BEN ZE'EB WOLF – Russian Talmudist and preacher; born at Polangen 1755; died at Wilna 1833. Early in life he filled the position of preacher in his native town, and later at Deretschin. He then traveled as a preacher through Germany and Hungary,...
FIRMAN, JOSEPH – Redemption Of First-born In Holland.(After a drawing by Picart in 1722.)Grecian rabbi and author; lived in the sixteenth century. According to Solomon Cohen, he was a native of Seres, European, Turkey, whence he went to...
FLECKELES, ELEAZAR BEN DAVID – Austrian rabbi and author; born in Prague Aug. 26, 1754; died there April 27, 1826. He was the pupil of Moses Cohen Rofe, Meïr Fischels, and Ezekiel Landau. At the age of twenty-four he became rabbi of Kojetein, a small town in...
FLORENTIN, SOLOMON B. SAMUEL – Turkish Talmudist; lived at Salonica in the seventeenth century. He wrote "Doresh Mishpaṭ," a collection from the marginal notes of Solomon ibn Ḥassun, Solomon b. Isaac Levi, Daniel Estrumsa, Baruch Angel, and Samuel Florentin...
FOA, ELIEZER NAḤMAN – Italian rabbi and author; died in Reggio after 1641. He was a pupil of R. Moses Isserles, and possessed an extensive knowledge in Talmud and Cabala. He founded at Reggio a society under the title "Ḥebrat ha-'Alubim."...
FRANKFURT, AKIBA B. JACOB – German preacher and author; died at Frankfort-on-the-Main 1597. He was the son-in-law of R. Simeon Guenzburg of Frankfort, with whose congregation he was associated as preacher, and by whose name he came to be known. Frankfurt...
ḤAKMAN IBN ISHMAEL – Egyptian rabbi of the sixteenth century. He wrote novellæ on the Talmud and on Maimonides' "Yad," some of which were included by R. Mas'ud Ḥai b. Aaron Roḳeaḥ in his "Ma'aseh Roḳeaḥ," a commentary on the first part of the "Yad"...
HALBERSTADT, JUDAH BEN BENJAMIN – Rabbinical author of the eighteenth century. He was the author of "Minḥat Yehudah," giving explanations of all passages in Rashi on Berakot in which the word "ke-lomar" occurs. A similar work on Shabbat, 'Erubin, and Berakot...