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The unedited full-text of the 1906 Jewish Encyclopedia
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S. Hurwitz,

New York City.

Contributions:
PODOLIA – Government in southwestern Russia, on the Austrian frontier (Galicia). It is a center of many important events in the history of the Russian Jews. Polish and Russian documents of 1550 mention Jewish communities in Podolia, but...
ROSENFELD, JACOB – Russian journalist and publisher; born in Austria 1839; died in Minsk, Russia, 1885. His parents emigrated to Russia, where he received his education at the gymnasium, and he afterward attended the law department of the...
SHAPIRO, CONSTANTIN – Russian photographer and Hebrew poet; born at Grodno, Russia, 1841; died in St. Petersburg March 23, 1900. He obtained his early education in the yeshibot, but at the same time, like the other Maskilim (see Maskil) of his age,...
SLONIMSKI, LEONID ZINOVYEVICH – Russian publicist; born in 1852; son of Ḥayyim Selig Slonimski. At the age of twenty he began contributing sociological and legal articles to various Russian journals, and since 1882 he has been a permanent contributor to the...
SOLOMONOV, ABRAHAM – Russian author; born in Minsk 1778; died in St. Petersburg. He was a prominent propagandist of the Haskalah movement among the Russian Jews in the first half of the nineteenth century, for which task his intimate knowledge of...
SUBBOTNIKI – One of the Russian rationalistic bodies known under the general name of "Judaizing sects" (see Judaizing Heresy). On the whole, the Subbotniki differ but little from the other Judaizing societies. They first appeared in the...
USISHKIN, MICHAEL – One of the leaders of the Russian Zionists; born in 1863 in Dubrovna, government of Moghilef (Mohilev). In 1871 he went with his parents to Moscow. He studied the Bible and Talmud in the ḥeder till he was thirteen years old, and...
ZEDERBAUM, ALEXANDER OSSYPOVITCH – Russian Hebrew journalist; born in Samostye, Lublin, 1816; died in St. Petersburg 1893; founder and editor of "Ha-Meliẓ," and other periodicals published in the Russian and Yiddish languages. A son of poor parents, he was in his...