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Siegmund Salfeld, Ph.D.

Rabbi, Mayence, Hesse, Germany.

Contributions:
BISCHOFFSHEIM, RAPHAEL (NATHAN) – Merchant and prominent philanthropist; born at Bischofsheim-on-the-Tauber, 1773; died at Mayence Jan. 22, 1814. He went to Mayence during the French Revolution, and from a small merchant became a purveyor to the army....
DESSAU – Moses Wulff. Chief town of the duchy of Anhalt, North Germany, on the left bank of the Mulde. The settlement of Jews here dates from 1621. The introduction of debased coins had ruined the finances of the duchy, and Duke Johann...
DYHERNFURTH – Town in Prussian Silesia, with 1,463 inhabitants; founded Jan. 20, 1663. In that year the Austrian emperor Leopold I., desiring to reward the Silesian chancellor, Baron von Dyhern, gave his estate Przig the rights and status of...
GEMEINDEBUND, DEUTSCH - ISRAELITISCHER – An association of Jewish corporations in Germany, founded July 3, 1869, on the occasion of the Jewish synod at Leipsic, and incorporated Feb. 13, 1899. The federation has for its object the exchange of experiences in matters of...
HALLE-ON-THE-SAALE – University town in the Prussian province of Saxony. Jews settled there soon after the city was founded, in the beginning of the twelfth century, the wealthy members of the community having business relations with the nobility in...
HANAU – Town in the province of Hesse-Nassau, Prussia. Jews settled in the territory of the counts of Hanau in the first half of the thirteenthcentury. Reinhard of Hanau was one of the princes who pledged the king's peace in 1265,...
HEIDELBERG – University town in the grand duchy of Baden, Germany; it has a population of 40,240, including 882 Jews. The community there dates from the middle of the thirteenth century, as is shown by historical references to the presence...
HEILBRONN – Town of Württemberg in the district of the Neckar. There was an important community there in 1298, when Rindfleisch and his hordes slew nearly 200 Jews (Oct. 19). Among the victims were one rabbi and one punctator ("naḳdan"). At...
HESSE – Former landgraviate of the German-Roman empire. The only Jews mentioned in documents relating to its early history are those of some parts of Thuringia. After the organization of the county of Hesse, with the capital...
HOHENZOLLERN – Two principalities, Hohenzollern-Hechingen and Hohenzollern-Sigmaringen, named from the castle of Zollern, in Swabia; formerly sovereign states, but since 1849 incorporated into the kingdom of Prussia. In a total population of...
KAHN, JOSEPH – German rabbi and preacher; born at Wawern, a small village near Treves, Sept. 2, 1809; died at Amsterdam July 10, 1875. He lost his father, the village teacher and cantor, early in life, and, probably, would have lived and died...
KÖNIGSWARTER – A family that resided in Königswarte, near Tachau, Bohemia, about the middle of the eighteenth century, when Jonas Hirsch Königswarter emigrated thence to Fürth, Bavaria. There he established a business that made him wealthy,...
KREFELD – Prussian manufacturing town near Düsseldorf, in the province of the Rhine. Small neighboring villages, embraced in the former electorate of Cologne, and which probably contained Jews, are mentioned in accounts of persecutions as...
KREUZNACH – Prussian town and watering-place in the government of Coblenz. The first mention of Jews in Kreuznach occurs in an account of an attack upon them on March 31, 1283, given in Salfeld's "Martyrologium." In a number of documents,...
MARTYROLOGY – Biography of martyrs. Early in its existence the Christian Church began to register the judicial proceedings against its martyrs and saints. These records, called "Acta Sanctorum," took the form of calendars, menologies,...
MAYENCE – German city in the grand duchy of Hesse-Darmstadt; on the left bank of the Rhine; the seat of an archbishop, who was formerly one of the prince-electors of the Holy Roman Empire. It has a population of 84,251, of whom 3,200 are...
MEMOR-BOOK – A manuscript list of localities or countries in which Jews have been persecuted, together with the names of the martyrs, and necrologies. Memor-books are devoted primarily to the learned and influential, although others may be...
MUNICH – Capital of Bavaria, Germany. It has (1904) a total population of 499,959, including 8,739 Jews. When Jews first went there is not known, but since by 1158 Duke Henry the Lion had made it an important commercial center, the...
WERTHEIMER, JOSEPH, RITTER VON – Joseph Wertheimer.Austrian philanthropist and author; born at Vienna March 15, 1800; died there March 15, 1887. He was the descendant of an old and prominent Jewish family; and his father was an intimate friend of Joseph von...