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Vittore Castiglione,

Chief Rabbi, Rome, Italy.

Contributions:
ANCONA – First Settlement of Jews. Ancient city of Italy, capital of a province bearing its name, situated on the Adriatic; said to have been founded by Syracusan refugees and to have been one of the first Italian cities to shelter a...
ANCONA, JACOB BEN ELIA D' – Copyist; lived at the end of the fifteenth century. Steinschneider states ("Hebr. Bibl." xx. 126) that Ancona copied some anonymous commentaries on the "Ḳa'arat Kesef" of Ezobi and on the "Beḥinat 'Olam." The latter work bears...
BASILEA, BASILA, BASSOLA, BASOLA, BASLA – A family originally from Basel in Switzerland (whence the name), but resident in the north of Italy and in Palestine from the fifteenth to the eighteenth century.In 1489 Mordecai Ẓarfati (the Frenchman) ben Reuben Bassola...
BASSANI, ISAIAH – Italian rabbi, of the first half of the eighteenth century; the son of Israel Hezekiah Bassani, who was a pupil of Moses Zacuto and of Judah Briel of Mantua. From 1702 to 1707 he was rabbi at Cento, as appears from the documents...
BASSANI, ISRAEL BENJAMIN – Rabbi at Reggio, Italy; born in 1703; died at Reggio Jan. 20, 1790 (5 Shebaṭ, 5550); son of Isaiah Bassani. He was a skilful poet, both in Hebrew and in Italian. In honor of Francisco III. of Este, duke of Modena, Bassani...
BASSANO – City in the province of Venice, Italy. Here, as in all the surrounding places, Jews were living at a very early period, engaged in commerce and industry, and especially in money-lending, as is shown by contemporary documents...
BERGAMO – City in northern Italy. Here, as in other cities subject to the government of the Venetian republic, the right of residence was granted to Jews, who were chiefly engaged in money-lending. Documents relating to the Jews, and...
BOLOGNA – Early Records. Capital of the province of Bologna and of the division of Emilia, in northern Italy. As early as the beginning of the fourth century there were Jews in Bologna, but it is difficult to ascertain the exact date of...
BRINDISI – Seaport on the coast of Calabria, Italy, whence the ancient Romans embarked for the East. Jews undoubtedly settled there at a very early period. In the Talmud ('Er. iv. 1) it is recounted that four illustrious Mishnaic doctors...
CALÑI, SAMUEL BEN MOSES – Turkish rabbi of the fifteenth century; born at Arta in the Morea. Calñi is the author of responsa entitled "Mishpeṭe Shemuel," and printed by his nephew at Venice, 1599-1600. He was the son-in-law of Benjamin b. Mattathias,...
ISTRIA – A small peninsula at the northern end of the Adriatic Sea, having about 320,000 inhabitants, of whom 285 are Jews. Ethnographically it is Italian, although politically it is under Austrian rule. At times it has included the city...
ITALY – Kingdom of southern Europe, with a total population of about 32,000,000, in which there are about 34,653 Jews (1901). This country, which the Israelites, punning upon the name, called "I Ṭal Yah" = "the land of the dew of the...
LUCCA – City of Tuscany, Italy. Its Jewish community is known in literature especially through the Kalonymus family of Lucca, whose ancestor saved the life of the German emperor Otto II. after the battle of Cotrone in Calabria (982),...
MALVANO, GIACOMO – Italian diplomat; born at Turin Dec. 14, 1841. In 1862 he entered the diplomatic service, and by 1887 had become envoy extraordinary and minister plenipotentiary; two years later he was appointed councilor of state, and shortly...
MINERBI, HIRSCHEL DE – Count of Oscarre; Italian diplomat; descendant of a wealthy and illustrious Jewish family of Triest; born April 25, 1838; educated at the University of Padua, where he received his degree in law in 1864. He then went to Italy,...
MODIGLIANI, ELIA – Italian traveler, naturalist, and author; born at Florence June 13, 1861; graduated at Pavia in 1883. From early youth he showed a marked inclination for natural science and a special fondness for travel. He visited the Malay...
MODONA, LEONELLO – Italian Orientalist; born at Cento in 1841; educated at the Istituto degli Studi Superiori of Florence. Besides compiling several library catalogues he has written; "L'Uomo e la Natura"; "La Safo Storica e il Mito di Safo e...
MORPURGO – Austro-Italian family, originally from Marburg, Styria.Carlo Morpurgo: Italian writer; born June 20, 1841, at Cairo, Egypt. He has published the following works: "Mosaico Poetico"; "Caio Marzio Coriolano"; "Scene Romane"; "Un...
SPALATO (SPALATRO) – Commercial port of Dalmatia, and a city of note since the days of the Roman empire. Its earliest Hebrew inhabitants were immigrants from the Turkish provinces of Servia and Rumania; but many years passed before a Jewish...
TEDESCHI, MARCO – Italian rabbi and poet; born at Piova, Piedmont, in 1817; died at Triest in1870. He removed to Vercelli with his father (d. 1836), who had been appointed rabbi there; and in 1838 he went to Turin to study under R. Hillel...
TRIEST – Institutions. A commercial city and an important seaport, situated at the head of the Adriatic; ethnographically Italian, but politically Austrian. Although no consecutive history of the Jews of Triest has ever been written,...