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Victor Rousseau Emanuel,

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HAYEM, ARMAND-LAZARE – French author; born in Paris July 24, 1845; died there 1889; son of Simon Hayem. Hayem forsook commerce for literature and politics. In the last years of the empire he openly advocated Republican doctrines, and in 1871 was...
HAYEM, GEORGES – French physician; born in Paris Nov. 25, 1841; son of Simon Hayem. He became doctor of medicine in 1868, and later "agrégé" of the faculty of Paris. In 1879 he was appointed professor of therapeutics and materia medica at the...
HEILBUTH, FERDINAND – French painter; born at Hamburg in 1826; died Nov. 19, 1889, at Paris, where he had been naturalized ten years previously. His work is characterized by lively coloring and accentuation of expression. He exhibited at the annual...
HĖMENT, FĖLIX – French educator; born at Avignon Jan. 22, 1827; died at Nanterre (Seine) Oct. 5, 1891. Hément was a schoolmaster all his life, rising to the position of primary inspector of the department of the Seine, and retiring in 1886 with...
HENDLÉ, ERNEST – French statesman; born at Paris Feb. 15, 1844; died Feb. 7, 1900. Hendlé was educated for the bar and had a brilliant career as attorney at the Court of Appeal. His success attracted the attention of Jules Favre, who appointed...
HERTZ, JOSEPH HERMAN – American rabbi; born at Rebrin, Zemplén Comitat, Hungary, Sept. 25, 1872; educated at the College of the City of New York, at Columbia University (Ph.D.), and at the Jewish Theological Seminary, New York. On June 15, 1894, he...
HERZ, JACQUES-SIMON – Pianist; born at Frankfort-on-the-Main Dec. 31, 1794; died at Nice Jan. 27, 1880. He went to Paris when a child, and in 1807 was admitted to the Conservatoire, where he studied piano under Pradher. Herz became a distinguished...
HIRSCH, ALPHONSE – French painter; born in Paris 1843; died there July 15, 1884. He was a pupil of Meissonier and Bonnat, and began by sketching and etching. Of the latter art he has left many fine examples; but his chief merit is as a colorist....
HIRSCH, GASTON – French dramatic author; born at Metz 1830. His chief plays are: "Le Préjugé"; "Un Malheureux Caractère"; "La Marquise des Rues" (music by Hervé), 1879; "L'Affaire de Viroflay," 1883; "Fanfreluche," 1883; "Une Actrice en Voyage,"...
HIRSCHFELD, HARTWIG – English Orientalist; born at Thorn, Prussia. He studied at Posen, at the universities of Berlin and Strasburg, and at Paris under Derenbourg. In 1887 he edited Judah ha-Levi's "Cuzari" in Arabic and Hebrew, and translated it...
ISAACS, ISAAC A. – Australian statesman and jurist; born at Melbourne, Victoria, Aug. 6, 1855; educated at Melbourne University, and admitted to the Victorian bar in 1880. From 1892 to 1901 he was a member of the Legislative Assembly, after which...
JAVAL, EMILE – French physician and deputy; born May 5, 1839, at Paris; son of Leopold Javal. Emile studied both medicine and mineralogy (M.D. 1868); he devoted himself specially to ophthalmology, and invented an ingenious method for the...
JAVAL, LEOPOLD – French politician; born at Mülhausen Dec. 1, 1804; died at Paris March 28, 1872. The son of a wealthy merchant, he entered the army and became a sublieutenant; as such he took part in the expedition against Algiers (1830). He...
JEWISH LADS' BRIGADE – Military association of English Jewish boys, formed, organized, and directed by Col. Albert E. W. Goldsmid "to instil into the rising generation from their earliest years habits of orderliness, cleanliness, and honor, so that in...
KAPLAN, JACQUES – Russian painter and designer; born at Sebastopol July 19, 1872. He went to Paris, and in 1885 entered the Paris Ecole des Arts Décoratifs, and, three years later, the Ecole des Beaux-Arts. Kaplan was a pupil of Bonnat, and in...
KLOTZ, LOUIS LUCIEN – French journalist and deputy; born in Paris Jan. 11, 1868; of Alsatian descent. After his education was finished, he was enrolled as advocate at the Cour d'Appel in Paris. At the age of twenty, with a view to popularizing the...
KÖNIGSWARTER – A family that resided in Königswarte, near Tachau, Bohemia, about the middle of the eighteenth century, when Jonas Hirsch Königswarter emigrated thence to Fürth, Bavaria. There he established a business that made him wealthy,...
LĖVY, MAURICE – French engineer and member of the Institut; born at Ribeauville, Alsace, Feb. 28, 1838. Educated at the Ecole Polytechnique and the Ecole des Ponts et Chaussées, he became an engineer in 1863. During the Franco-German war...
MONTEFIORE – Anglo-Jewish family which derives its name from a town in Italy. In 1856 there were three towns so named in the Pontifical States, but from which of the three the family came is not definitely known. As far back as 1630 the...
MOSELY, ALFRED – English financier; born at Clifton 1855. He was educated at the Bristol Grammar School, and afterward went to South Africa, where he became one of the earliest settlers in Kimberley. He equipped at his own expense the Princess...
OLIPHANT, LAURENCE – English traveler, author, and politician; born at Cape Town in 1829; died at Twickenham, England, Dec. 23, 1888. He traveled in nearly every country and engaged in many occupations, from filibustering with Walker in Nicaragua to...
PIRBRIGHT, HENRY DE WORMS, BAR-ON – English statesman; born in London 1840; died at Guildford, Surrey, Jan. 9, 1903; third son of Solomon Benedict de Worms, a baron of the Austrian empire. He was educated at King's College, London, and became a barrister in 1863....
PRAG, JOSEPH – English communal and Zionist worker; born at Liverpool in 1859; educated at the Liverpool Institute and at Queen's College, Liverpool. Prag has long been a leader in Zionist circles, but does not follow the Herzl movement,...
STRAUSS, JOSEPH – English rabbi; born in Germany 1848; educated at the Royal Gymnasium at Stuttgart, and at the universities of Würzburg and Tübingen (Ph. D. 1873). He also pursued the study of theology, and, after having passed the state...
VAN STRAALEN, SAMUEL – English Hebraist and librarian; born at Gouda, Holland, 1845; died in London, England, 1902. In 1873 he was appointed Hebrew librarian at the British Museum. He translated many Dutch, German, and Hebrew books, and was the author...