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Alexander S. Chessin,

Professor of Mathematics, Washington University, St. Louis, Mo.

Contributions:
ABELES, MARCUS – Physician and instructor (privat-docent) at the University of Vienna; born at Nedraschitz, Bohemia, in 1837; died at Vienna, Dec. 31, 1894. Having completed a classical course at Prague he was matriculated at the Vienna...
ABRAHAMSON, AUGUST – Swedish philanthropist, and founder of the Sloid Seminary of Nääs, near Göteborg; born Dec. 29, 1817, at Karlskrona, Sweden, where his parents, originally from Germany, had settled; died May 6, 1898, at Nääs. August in his...
ADLER, GOTTLIEB – Austrian physicist and mathematician; born March 7, 1860; died Dec. 15, 1893, at Stecken, Bohemia. After receiving his early education at the gymnasium of Iglau, Moravia, being graduated in 1877, he entered the University of...
ARONSTEIN, L. – German chemist; born May 25, 1841, at Telgte, Westphalia; graduated from the University of Göttingen in 1864 with the degree of Ph.D. Two years later he became assistant in the physical department of the University of Leyden,...
ASCOLI, GIULIO – Italian mathematician; born in Triest Nov. 20, 1843; died in Pisa. Reared in a city with a large Italian-speaking population, a natural inclination drew young Ascoli to Milan, where, from 1874 until 1879, he taught mathematics...
ASCOLI, GRAZIADIO ISAIAH – First Work. Italian philologist; born July 16, 1829, at Göritz, Austria. His father, who had made a fortune in the manufacture of paper, died while Graziadio was an infant. Graziadio devoted himself at an early age to the study...
ASSER, MOSES SALOMON – Dutch jurist; born in Amsterdam Aug., 1754; died there Nov. 4, 1826. Although originally intended for trade, he took up the study of commercial law; and so successful was he in his new career, that on becoming procurator in...
ASTRUC, ZACHARIE – French sculptor, painter, and author; born at Angers, department of Maine-et-Loire, in 1839. While still a boy he left his native city to seek his fortune in the French metropolis. In 1859 he founded, in collaboration with...
AUB, JOSEPH – German rabbi; cousin of Hirsch Aub; born at Beiersdorf, in Bavaria, 1805; died May 22, 1880. He held various rabbinical posts for fifty years, first in Baireuth (1830-50), then in Mayence (1850-65), and, finally, in Berlin from...
AUB, LUDWIG – Author and poet; born Aug. 4, 1862, in Munich, Germany. He is a grandson of the rabbi Hirsch Aub, of Munich. When his father, Max Aub, a lawyer, was recalled to Munich from the little town of Uffenheim, Franconia, where he held...
AUERBACH, FELIX – German physicist; born Nov. 12, 1856, in Berlin. He was only twenty years old when he graduated from the university of his native city, and received the degree of Ph.D. upon the presentation of an excellent thesis,...
AUERBACH, JACOB – Educator and author; born at Emmendingen, Baden, Nov. 14, 1810; died Oct. 31, 1887. He received his early education in Carlsruhe, where, in the autumn of 1827, he met his cousin and, later, brother-in-law, Berthold Auerbach, the...
AUSPITZ, HEINRICH – Austrian dermatologist; born at Nikolsburg, Moravia, Sept. 2, 1835; died May 23, 1886, at Vienna, barely two years after succeeding Zeissl. Auspitz acquired his medical training at the University of Vienna, where he was a pupil...
AVENEL, GEORGES – French author; born at Chaumont-en-Vexin, department of the Oise, France, Dec. 31, 1828; died at Bougival July 1, 1876. He was a brother of Paul Avenel. Avenel devoted the greater part of his life to a study of the French...
AVENEL, HENRI MAYER – French author; born in Paris, March 7, 1853. He is an adopted son of Paul Avenel. He began his career by editing "L' Événement," the daily political Parisian paper, and several departmental newspapers. In 1888 he took charge of...
AVENEL, PAUL – French author; born at Chaumont-en-Vexin, department of the Oise, France, Oct. 9, 1823. After a brief course in medicine at the University of Paris, he, in 1850, abandoned his studies to devote himself exclusively to literature....
BAGINSKY, ADOLF ARON – German physician, and professor of diseases of children in the Berlin University; born May 22, 1843, at Ratibor (Prussian Silesia). At the completion of his highschool education at the gymnasium of his native town (1861), he...
BAMBERGER, LUDWIG – German deputy and political economist; born in Mayence July 22, 1823; died in Berlin March 14, 1899. He studied law in 1842-45 at the universities of Giessen, Heidelberg, and Göttingen; and during the following two years he was...
BARTHOLDY, JACOB SALOMON – Prussian diplomat and art patron; uncle of the composer Felix Mendelssohn-Bartholdy; born May 13, 1779, in Berlin; died in the Protestant faith July 27, 1825, in Rome. He was of a prosperous Jewish family, and received a careful...
BECK, ADOLF – Austrian physician and professor of physiology at the University of Lemberg; born Jan. 1, 1863, in Cracow, Galicia, of poor parents. During his academic career Beck supported himself as a private tutor. Upon graduating with...
BECK, KARL – Austrian poet; born May 1, 1817, at Baja, Hungary; died April 10, 1879, at Währing, a suburb of Vienna. Although of Jewish parentage, he was brought up in the Protestant Church. Upon his completion of the high-school course in...
BEER, MICHAEL – German poet; brother of Giacomo Meyerbeer, the composer, and of Wilhelm Beer, the astronomer; born Aug. 19, 1800, in Berlin; died at Munich March 22, 1833.At the Werder Gymnasium, Berlin, where Beer was completing the education...
BEER, WILHELM – Astronomer; brother of Giacomo Meyerbeer, the composer, and of Michael Beer, the poet; born in Berlin Jan. 4, 1797; died there March 27, 1850. Wilhelm shared with his brothers the advantages of a liberal and modern education. At...
BENEDIKT, MORIZ – Austrian neurologist; born at Eisenstadt, Hungary, July 6, 1835. Upon his graduation from the University of Vienna, where he had prepared himself for his professional career under Hyrtl, Brücke, Skoda, Oppolzer, Arlt, and...
BISCHOFFSHEIM, LOUIS RAPHAEL – French banker and philanthropist; born in Mayence, Germany, in 1800; died in Paris, Nov. 14, 1873. His father's sudden death, combined with the general upheaval of public affairs that followed the events of 1815, compelled...