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The unedited full-text of the 1906 Jewish Encyclopedia
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Edgar Mels,

New York City.

Contributions:
ASCHER, ANTON – German actor; born at Dresden July 15, 1820; died in Meran April 24, 1885. Trained for the stage by Ludwig Tieck, he made his début in 1838 at Hainichen, Saxony, playing the same year also at Merssen, Bautzen, and Zittau. In...
BANDMANN, DANIEL E. – German-American actor; born at Cassel, Germany, in 1840. He made his début at the Court Theater, Neu Strelitz, when eighteen years old, playing for the next five years mainly in German versions of Shakespearian plays. In 1863 he...
BARABAS – The principal character in Christopher Marlowe's "The Rich Jew of Malta," first produced at the Rose Theater, Bankside, London, in 1591, and entered in the Stationers' Books May 17, 1594. The rôle of Barabas was created by...
BARKANY, MARIE – Austrian actress; born at Kaschau, Hungary, March 2, 1862. She was one of the six daughters of a merchant at Kaschau, and was sent to Vienna to learn bookkeeping. Instead, she occupied her time studying for the stage, taking...
BARNAY, LUDWIG – German actor; born at Budapest, Hungary, Feb. 12, 1842. He was the son of the secretary of the Jewish congregation at that place. Barnay was destined for the building trade, but induced his father to send him to Vienna to study...
BASCH, ABRAHAM – German poet and teacher; born at Posen July 17, 1800; died at Berlin Sept. 24, 1841. Basch was a somewhat precocious child, being able to expound the Talmud when twelve years old. A year later he became secretary to the mayor of...
BASCH, SAMUEL SIEGFRIED KARL RITTER VON – Austrian physician; born at Prague Sept. 9, 1837; best known as the body-physician of the emperor Maximilian of Mexico. Basch was educated at the universities of Prague and Vienna. In 1857 he studied chemistry at the laboratory...
BASEVI, EMMANUELE – Italian physician and medical writer; born at Pisa in 1799; died in Florence Sept. 18, 1869. Basevi studied at the high school of his native city and later at the university there, obtaining his degree in 1817. He devoted the...
BATE, JULIUS – English Biblical and Hebraic scholar; born about 1711; died at Arundel Jan. 20, 1771. He was educated at St. John's College, Cambridge, where he received his master's degree in 1740. He took unusual interest in Old Testament...
BAUER, JULIUS – Austrian humorist; born at Raab-Sziget, Hungary, Oct. 15, 1853. Bauer was educated at home until 1873, when he went to Vienna to study medicine. Being poor, he wrote for the local comic papers, and, to his surprise, did so well...
BECHER, ALFRED JULIUS – Austrian journalist, musician, and revolutionist; born at Manchester, England, in 1803 (or 1805); died at Vienna Nov. 23, 1848. He was a son of the founder of the Rhenish-West India Company, and studied law at Heidelberg,...
BEER, AUGUST – German mathematician; born at Trier July 31, 1825; died at Bonn on the Rhine Nov. 18, 1863. Beer was educated at the technical school and gymnasium of his native town until 1845, when he went to Bonn to study mathematics and the...
BEIT, ALFRED – South African financier; born of a well-known Hamburg Jewish family in 1853. Beit went to Kimberley during the early days of the diamond "rush" (1875), and in company with Barney Barnato, Cecil Rhodes, H. J. King (Friedlander),...
BELASCO, DAVID – American dramatist; born in San Francisco in 1858 of English parents. He is of the same family as the English actor known on the stage as David James. Belasco began his dramatic work in early youth. His boyhood was passed in...
BENDER, JOHANN HEINRICH – German jurist; born at Frankfort May or Sept. 29, 1797; died there Sept. 6, 1859. He studied law at Giessen, where he was also lecturer from 1819 to 1823. In 1831 he went to Frankfort to practise law, and five years later he was...
BENEDIKT, EDMUND – Austrian jurist; born at Döbling, near Vienna, Oct. 6, 1851. He studied law at the University of Vienna, and after graduation became the publisher of the "Juristische Blätter." In addition to his editorial labors he wrote:...
BENEDIKT, MORITZ – German journalist, publisher, and editor of the Vienna "Neue Freie Presse"; born at Gnatschitz, Moravia, May 27, 1849. On attaining his majority he chose journalism as a profession, contributing with considerable success to...
BENEDIKT, RUDOLPH – Austrian chemist; born at Döbling July 12, 1852; died in Vienna Feb. 6, 1896. He was educated at the Polytechnic (HighSchool) of Vienna, where in 1872 he was appointed an assistant lecturer of technical chemistry. In 1876 he was...
BERGER, EMILE DE – Austrian oculist and medical author; born at Vienna Aug. 1, 1855. He received his education at the University of Vienna.From 1882 to 1887 he was lecturer at the University of Gratz, and from 1890 to 1896 professor of...
BERMANN, MORIZ – Austrian author; born at Vienna March 16, 1823; died there June 12, 1895. Bermann, who came of a family of publishers, was educated for a musical career; but after the death of his father he devoted himself for a time to...
BERN, MAXIMILIAN – German author; born at Kherson, South Russia, Nov. 18, 1849, where his father practised medicine. On the latter's death Bern and his mother went to Vienna that he might complete his education. The loss of his fortune forced him...
BERN, OLGA – Austrian author; wife of Maximilian Bern; born at Vienna July 5, 1865. She went on the stage under her own name, Wohlbrück, and while at the Odeon, Paris, in 1887, married the German author Bern. She abandoned the stage for...
BERNHARDT, MARTIN – German neuropath and medical author; born at Potsdam April 10, 1844. He was educated at the gymnasium of his native place and at the University of Berlin, where he studied under Virchow and Traube. After graduating as M.D. in...
BERNHARDT, SARAH (ROSINE BERNARD) – French actress; born at Paris Oct. 22, 1844, of Dutch Jewish parentage. She was received into the Roman Catholic Church at the request of her father. Her early years were spent at the Convent Grand-Champs, Versailles, where she...
BERNSTEIN, ELSA – German dramatist; daughter of Heinrich Porges, the friend of Richard Wagner; born at Vienna; educated at Munich; and, for a short time, on the stage. An afiliction of the eyes forcing her to retire, she thenceforth devoted...