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The unedited full-text of the 1906 Jewish Encyclopedia
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Friedman Janovsky,

St. Petersburg, Russia.

Contributions:
COMMERCE – Sale or exchange of goods, generally on a large scale. During the Biblical period the Hebrews in Palestine had what is known as a natural self-sufficing economy (Benzinger, "Arch." p. 213)—that is, each household grew or made...