JewishEncyclopedia.com

The unedited full-text of the 1906 Jewish Encyclopedia
- Phrase search: "names of god"
- Exclude terms: "names of god" -zerah
- Volume/Page: v9 p419
- Diacritics optional: Ḥanukkah or hanukkah
- Search by Author: altruism author:Hirsch
search tips & recommendations

Gerson B. Levi,

New York City.

Contributions:
ABINADAB – 1. A resident of Kirjath-jearim, who kept the Ark of the Covenant in his house during the twenty years immediately following its restoration by the Philistines (I Sam. vii. 1; I Chron. xiii. 7). In II Sam. vi. 3, 4, Gibeah is...
ABIRAM – 1.—Biblical Data: Son of Eliab, one of the conspiratorsagainst Moses (Num. xvi. 1; Ps. cvi. 17). Deut. xi. 6 places him in the tribe of Reuben. G. B. L.—In Rabbinical Literature: Abiram—who obtained his name from the fact that...
ABIRAM – 1.—Biblical Data: Son of Eliab, one of the conspiratorsagainst Moses (Num. xvi. 1; Ps. cvi. 17). Deut. xi. 6 places him in the tribe of Reuben. G. B. L.—In Rabbinical Literature: Abiram—who obtained his name from the fact that...
ABISHUA – 1. Son of Phinehas and great-grandson of Aaron, the high priest, ancestor of Ezra (Ezra vii. 5). Found also in the genealogy of Aaron and the high priests succeeding him (I Chron. vi. 4, 5, 50). 2. A grandson of Benjamin (I...
ABIUD – Son of Zerubbabel, from whom was descended Joseph, the husband of Mary, the mother of Jesus (Matt. i. 13). He is omitted from the list of Zerubbabel's sons given in I Chron. iii. 19, 20.G. B. L.
ABRECH – Biblical Data: The proclamation of the criers on the approach of Joseph (Gen. xli. 43). It has been variously explained. Some favor an Egyptian origin, others a Semitic one. Jewish commentators derive it from barak (to bend the...
ABSALOM'S TOMB – A tomb twenty feet high and twenty-four feet square, which late tradition points out as the resting-place of Absalom. It is situated in the eastern part of the valley of Kidron, to the east of Jerusalem. In all probability it is...
ABUBUS – Father of Ptolemy, who murdered Simon at Jericho, where he was stationed as military officer. (I Macc. xvi. 11, 15.) G. B. L.
ACHBOR – 1. Father of Baal-hanan (comp. Hannibal), king of Edom (Gen. xxxvi. 38, 39, and in the corresponding list of I Chron. i. 49). It has been suggested that the name implies a species of totemism (W. R. Smith, "Kinship and Marriage...
ACHSA – Daughter of Caleb (I Chron. ii. 49), who was promised by her father to the man who should capture Kirjath-sepher. Othniel, the son of Kenaz and nephew of Caleb, took it and married Achsah (Josh. xv. 16, 17). In Judges, i. 12,...
ACRA – Fortress built by Antiochus Epiphanes in the year 173 B.C. at Jerusalem, on an outlying spur of the Temple mount toward the south, where he placed a garrison, stored provisions, and kept armor. The Greek (I Macc. i. 33) reads...
ADAIAH – 1. A man of Boscath, father of Jedidah, the mother of King Josiah (II Kings, xxii. 1). 2. Two members of the Bani family who had taken foreign wives (Ezra, x. 29, 39). 3. The son of Joiarib of the tribe of Judah, residing in...
ADAM – City near the Jordan. In Josh. iii. 16, Adam is described as the city "that is besideZaretan," on the Jordan, near the spot where the Israelites crossed the river on dry ground. It is probably to be identified with the modern...
ADAMAH – Fortified city of Naphtali, northwest of the Sea of Galilee (Josh. xix. 36); identified by Conder with modern 'Admah, north of Beth-shean. G. B. L.
ADAMANT – This term occurs three times in the Old Testament (Ezek. iii. 9, Zech. vi. 12, Jer. xvii. 1), and is used as a translation for shamir. Although no definite idea can be gathered concerning the identity of the substance intended...
ADAR – 1. A Benjamite, son of Bela (I Chron. viii. 3). 2. A border town of Judah (Josh. xv. 3). G. B. L.
ADBEEL – A name found in the genealogical list of the sons of Ishmael, in Gen. xxv. 13, and in the corresponding list of I Chron. i. 29.G. B. L.
ADDAN – A city of Babylonia, some of the inhabitants of which migrated with the Jews under Zerubbabel, but were unable to prove their Israelitish descent (Ezra, ii. 59). In the corresponding list of Neh. vii. 61, the place is called...
ADIEL – 1. A prince of the family of Simeon, who captured Gedor in the days of Hezekiah (I Chron. iv. 36). 2. A priest, son of Jahzerah (I Chron. ix. 12). 3. The father of Azmaveth, who was "over the king's [David's] treasures" (I...
ADMAH – A town named in the genealogical list of Canaan (Gen x. 19), whose king was Shinab (Gen. xiv. 2, 8). It was destroyed together with Sodom and Gomorrah. It is not mentioned in the narrative of the destruction of those two cities,...
ADONIRAM – Superintendent of the collection of taxes in the reigns of David, Solomon, and Rehoboam ("Adoram," II Sam. xx. 24; "Hadoram," II Chron. x. 18). In both cases, the Septuagint gives "Adoniram." He was stoned to death by the...
ADORAIM – Fortified city built by Rehoboam in Judah; now called Dura (II Chron. xi. 9 et seq.).G. B. L.
ADUMMIM – Steep road leading from the plain of Jericho to the hilly country around Jerusalem. It was a part of the boundary between Judah and Benjamin (Josh. xv. 7, xviii. 17). The name refers to the redness of the material of which the...
AGATE – Biblical Data: A precious stone, mentioned four times in the Authorized Version of the Bible—twice as the translation of kadkod (Isa. liv. 12, Ezek. xxvii. 16), and twice of shebo (Ex. xxviii. 19, xxxix. 12). The Agate derives...
AHASUERUS – Biblical Data: 1. Persian king, identical with Xerxes (486-465 B.C.). The Book of Esther deals only with one period of his reign. It tells us that he ruled over one hundred and twenty-seven provinces—"from India, even unto...