JewishEncyclopedia.com

The unedited full-text of the 1906 Jewish Encyclopedia
- Phrase search: "names of god"
- Exclude terms: "names of god" -zerah
- Volume/Page: v9 p419
- Diacritics optional: Ḥanukkah or hanukkah
- Search by Author: altruism author:Hirsch
search tips & recommendations
ALFASI, ISAAC BEN JOSEPH – Descendant of a Spanish family; flourished in Adrianople in the sixteenth century. He translated Ghazzali's work, "Mishkat al-Anwar," into Hebrew, under the title, "Maskit ha-Orot u Pardes ha-Niẓẓanim" (The Chamber of Light and...
ALFASI, ISAAC BEN REUBEN – Sometimes stated to be a grandson of Isaac Alfasi. He is frequently cited as the author of "Sha'are Shebu'ot," a work in twenty chapters on oaths, usually printed with Alfasi's "Halakot" (Fürst, "Bibl. Jud." i. 36; Benjacob,...
ALFASI, MASA'UD RAPHAEL – Rabbi in Tunis at the end of the eighteenth century; died in 1776. He is the author of "Mishḥa de-Rabuta" (Oil of Anointing), a work containing notes on Joseph Caro's "Shulḥan 'Aruk" (Leghorn, 1805). He was assisted by his two...
ALFONSI, PETRUS – A controversialist and physician in ordinary to King Alfonso VI. of Castile; born at Huesca, Aragon, in 1062, and died in 1110 at the age of forty-eight. He embraced Christianity and was baptized at Huesca on St. Peter's day,...
ALFONSINE TABLES – A series of astronomical tables giving the exact hours for the rising of the planets and fixed stars; compiled at Toledo at the request of Alfonso X. of Castile about the year 1252, the date given in the Latin editions being the...
ALFONSO III. OF PORTUGAL – See Portugal.
ALFONSO V. OF PORTUGAL – See Portugal.
ALFONSO IX. OF LEON – See Spain.
ALFONSO – A mathematician of uncertain date, author of a treatise on squaring the circle, extant in a manuscript in the British Museum (additional manuscripts, 26,984). Alfonso claims in the prefatory remarks to have found and...
ALFONSO DE ALCALA – See Alfonso de Zamora.
ALFONSO BURGENSIS – See Abner of Burgos.
ALFONSO COMPLUTENSIS – See Alfonso de Zamora.
ALFONSO DE SPINA – See Spina, Alfonso de.
ALFONSO OF VALLADOLID – See Abner of Burgos.
ALFONSO DE ZAMORA – Spanish Marano of the sixteenth century; Hebraist and polemical writer; born in Zamora about 1474, and baptized in the Catholic faith in 1506. His father's name was Juan de Zamora, and he likewise seems to have become a...
ALFONSUS BONIHOMINIS – The name taken by the Latin translator or adapter of an anti-Jewish pamphlet, originally written in Arabic by Samuel abu Naṣr ibn Abbas, better known as Samuel Maroccanus (of Morocco). The first edition bears the title,...
ALFUAL – The family name of a number of Spanish Jews (Steinschneider, "Jew. Quart. Rev." xi. 587), of whom the following are known:Abraham Alfual: Of Tortosa; lived at the end of the fourteenth century. He is cited in the responsa of...
ALGABA, JACOB B. MOSES DI – Translator into Hebrew of the celebrated medieval romance, "Amadis de Gaul." The translation probably appeared at Constantinople between 1534 and 1546. A copy of the work, which is extremely rare, is in the British Museum (see...
ALGAZI, ABRAHAM BEN SOLOMON – Supposed to have lived at Smyrna in 1659, and to have been the son of the author of the book, "Shema' Shelomoh" (Solomon's Fame), Smyrna, 1659, containing homiletic explanations of a part of the Torah. Very little is known about...
ALGAZI, ḤAYYIM – Rabbi in Constantinople in the seventeenth century. He was a disciple of Joseph di Trani, and the author of a commentary on "Sefer Mesharim" (The Book of the Righteous), which is the part that treats of civil law in the ritual...
ALGAZI, ḤAYYIM ISAAC – Author of the books: "Derek Eẓ ha-Ḥayyim" (The Way of the Tree of Life), "'En Yamin" (The Right Eye), "Sha'ar Yehudah" (The Gate of Judah); all published at Salonica, 1822. J. Ch.
ALGAZI, ḤAYYIM BEN MENAHEM – Rabbi of the island of Rhodes and Smyrna; lived in the seventeenth century; author of "Bene Ḥayyai" (Sons of My Life), containing notes and novellæ in the sequence of the four Ṭurim. It was edited by the author's pupil, Meir...
ALGAZI, ISRAEL JACOB – Great-grandson of Solomon Algazi the elder, and rabbi in Jerusalem in the eighteenth century. Besides contributing to dialectical, liturgical, and legal literature, he was the author of some valuable works on Talmudic...
ALGAZI, MOSES BEN ABRAHAM – A rabbinical writer who flourished in Smyrna in the seventeenth century. He was the brother of Solomon Algazi the elder, and wrote annotations to "Dobeb Sifte Yeshenim." (Smyrna, 1671) and "Sefat Emet," two rabbinical works of...
ALGAZI, MOSES JOSEPH – Rabbi at Cairo, Egypt; born 1764; died after 1840, in which year he became prominent through the energetic support which he gave to Crémieux and Salomon Munk in their effort to establish schools for the Jews of Egypt. The...