JewishEncyclopedia.com

The unedited full-text of the 1906 Jewish Encyclopedia
- Phrase search: "names of god"
- Exclude terms: "names of god" -zerah
- Volume/Page: v9 p419
- Diacritics optional: Ḥanukkah or hanukkah
- Search by Author: altruism author:Hirsch
search tips & recommendations
BAER, ISSACHAR B. LEYSER – See Eilenburg.
BAER, JOSEPH – Founder of a firm of booksellers of Frankfort-on-the Main; born in the last half of the eighteenth century; died in 1851. A small second-hand bookseller's stall was established by Baer at Bockenheim in 1785. After encountering...
BAER (DOB) OF MESERITZ – His Early Asceticism. First apostle of Ḥasidism and its most important propagator; born in Volhynia in 1710; died in Meseritz, Dec. 15, 1772. Little is known of Baer's youth, and scarcely more of the interval preceding his...
BAER B. NAPHTALI HA-KOHEN – See Ashkenazi, Baermann.
BAER (DOB) BEN NATHAN NATA OF PINSK – Russian rabbi of the first half of the eighteenth century. He was a descendant of Rabbi Nathan Nata Shapira of Cracow (who was the author of "Megalleh 'Amukim"). Baer is the author of "Neṭa' Sha'ashuim," a commentary on some...
BAER, SELIGMAN (SEKEL) – Writer on the Masorah, and editor of the Hebrew Bible; born at Mosbach (Baden), Sept. 18, 1825; died at Biebrich-on-the-Rhine, March, 1897.As early as 1844, Baer commenced his Masoretic studies. He belonged to the school of Wolf...
BAER (DOB) BEN SHRAGA – Author; lived in Berlin at the beginning of the nineteenth century. He wrote "Naḥale Debash" (Streams of Honey), Berlin, 1832, which contains many extracts from various Hebrew books dealing mainly with philosophical and ethical...
BAER (DOB) BEN URI PHŒBUS – Author, of the eighteenth century. He resided at Altona, Germany, where in 1737 he wrote "Be'er-Ṭob" (A Good Explanation), containing casuistic and homiletical explanations to the Talmud.L. G. J. Ch.
BAERMANN, ISSACHAR I – See Ashkenazi, Baermann.
BAERMANN OF LIMBURG – German writer; lived at Frankfort-on-the-Main at the end of the seventeenth century and at the beginning of the eighteenth. He published (Frankfort-on-the-Main, 1712) a Judæo-German play, with the Hebrew title "Mekirat Yosef"...
BAERWALD, HERMANN – German educator; born at Nakel, in the province of Posen, Nov. 7, 1828. His academic education began at the gymnasium of Konitz, continued at the Elisabeth-Gymnasium of Breslau, supplemented by a couple of years spent under the...
BAEZA – City in the province of Jaen, Spain, which, as early as the Moorish rule, had a considerable Jewish community that suffered greatly during the war between Castile and Mohammed al-Naṣir in 1212. In 1391 there was great slaughter...
BAG – A comprehensive term in the A. V. for various Hebrew words. The most adequate Hebrew expression for a large bag is "ḥariṭ" (compare Arabic), which can contain a talent of silver, as in II Kings v. 23. The same word occurs in the...
BAGDAD – Under the Abbassid Califs. Capital of the Turkish vilayet of the same name, which is situated in lower Mesopotamia on both sides of the Tigris. The vilayet formerly extended from Diabekr to Yemen, with the Persian frontier as...
BAGÉ-LA VILLE – Village in the canton Bagéle-Chalet, department of Ain, France. It was inhabited by Jews in the thirteenth and fourteenth centuries; and in 1331 they were divided into elder and younger.Bibliography: Inventaire Sommaire des...
BAGI – A prominent Karaite family; lived in Constantinople in the fifteenth, sixteenth, and seventeenth centuries. The family name, which is variously written Badschi (Fürst, "Geschichte des Karäerthums," iii. 14), Pegi, Poki...
BAGINSKY, ADOLF ARON – German physician, and professor of diseases of children in the Berlin University; born May 22, 1843, at Ratibor (Prussian Silesia). At the completion of his highschool education at the gymnasium of his native town (1861), he...
BAGINSKY, BENNO – German physician; born at Ratibor, Prussia, May 24, 1848; privat-docent of the diseases of the ear, nose, and larynx, at the University of Berlin; and honorary professor. He was graduated from the gymnasium in his native town...
BAGNOL – See Levi b. Gershon.
BAGOAS – 1. General of the Persian king Artaxerxes Ochus (359-338 B.C.); is called "Bagoses" by Josephus ("Ant." xi. 7, § 1). He interfered in the Jewish party struggles, and forced an entrance into the sanctuary. 2. Eunuch of Herod the...
BAGRATUNI – The ancestors of the Armenian-Georgian family of Bagration, the first family entered in the list of the Russian nobility (published by Count Aleksandr Bobrinsky, under the title "Dvoryanskie Rody," St. Petersburg, 1890). The...
BAGRIS – See Bacchides.
BAHAMONTE, BENITO LOPEZ – Spanish Christian; author of a Hebrew grammar for school use, entitled, "Gramatica de la Lengua Hebraica, Escrita en Castellano," Madrid, 1818 (Kayserling, "Bibliotheca Española," p. 16).T. M. K.
BAHIA – A city on the eastern coast of Brazil founded by the Portuguese in 1549. Its official name became Cidade do San Salvador da Bahia de Todos os Santos (The City of the Holy Savior in All Saints' Bay).Although the year 1624 is...
BAḤIEL – A physician of the thirteenth century. He was court physician to King James I. of Aragon, and in that capacity was present at the conquest of Majorca, where he rendered valuable service as interpreter between the Arabic-speaking...