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The unedited full-text of the 1906 Jewish Encyclopedia
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HIRSCH, DAVID – German instructor of deafmutes; born at Müntz, Rhenish Prussia, May 23, 1813; died at Rotterdam Feb. 2, 1895. He studied at the Heinicke institute for deaf-mutes at Crefeld, and afterward at a similar institute in Cologne, with...
HIRSCH, EMIL GUSTAV – American rabbi; professor of rabbinical literature and philosophy in the University of Chicago; born in the grand duchy of Luxemburg May 22, 1852; educated in the public schools of the duchy and in the University of...
HIRSCH, FISCHL – Hebrew bookseller; died at Berlin June 5, 1899. About 1860 he settled at Halberstadt, and founded a Jewish printing and publishing business. He soon abandoned this to devote himself entirely to the sale of Hebrew books and...
HIRSCH, FRANZ ARNOLD – Austrian dramatist and miscellaneous writer; born in Horitz, Bohemia, June 15, 1815; died in Vienna Nov. 24, 1896. After leaving the gymnasium Arnold studied medicine at the University of Vienna (1838-41). He practised very...
HIRSCH FUND, BARON DE – A fund of $2,400,000 for ameliorating the condition of certain Jewish immigrants to the United States. This fund was incorporated under the laws of the state of New York, Feb. 12, 1891, the trustees being M. S. Isaacs,...
HIRSCH, GASTON – French dramatic author; born at Metz 1830. His chief plays are: "Le Préjugé"; "Un Malheureux Caractère"; "La Marquise des Rues" (music by Hervé), 1879; "L'Affaire de Viroflay," 1883; "Fanfreluche," 1883; "Une Actrice en Voyage,"...
HIRSCH, JACOB VON – German banker; grandfather of Maurice de Hirsch; born in 1764 at Königshofen, near Würzburg; died March 23, 1841, at Munich. Although in his youth he had received an exclusively Talmudic education, he later in life achieved the...
HIRSCH JANOW – Polish rabbi; born about 1750; died at Fürth, Bavaria, Nov. 13, 1785. On account of his great keenness in Talmudical discussions he was commonly called "Hirsch Ḥarif" (the acute). When in 1776 his father-in-law, Raphael Kohn,...
HIRSCH, JENNY – German authoress and advocate of women's rights; born Nov. 25, 1829, at Zerbst, Anhalt; died March 9, 1902, at Berlin. After the death of her parents she lectured in her native town at the ducal high school for girls, and was...
HIRSCH, JOSEPH VON – German banker; father of Maurice de Hirsch; born July 2, 1805, at Würzburg; died Dec. 9, 1885, at Munich. After completing his studies he entered his father's banking establishment, and in 1841, on the latter's death, succeeded...
HIRSCH, LEVIN JOSEPH – German physician; born at Schottland, near Danzig, 1758; died at Königsberg May 29, 1823. Destined by his parents for a commercial career, he worked for three years as a clerk in a small business house, but studied privately...
HIRSCH, MARKUS – Chief rabbi of Hamburg; born at Tisza-Beö, Hungary, Feb. 17, 1833. In 1853 he went to Prague, where he became the pupil of I. L. Rapoport, attending at the same time lectures at the university. In 1856 he became rabbi at...
HIRSCH, BARON MAURICE DE (MORITZ HIRSCH, FREIHERR AUF GEREUTH) – Foundation of His Fortune. German philanthropist; born at Munich Dec. 9, 1831; died near Ersek-Ujvar, Hungary, April 21, 1896; eldest son of Baron Joseph von Hirsch, and grandson of Baron Jacob von Hirsch, by whom the family...
HIRSCH, MAX – German economist and deputy; born in Halberstadt Dec. 30, 1832. His parents removed at the end of the thirties to Magdeburg, where Max received his early education. He studied (1850-55) natural science, foreign languages, and...
HIRSCH, SAMSON RAPHAEL – German rabbi; born at Hamburg June 20, 1808; died at Frankfort-on-the-Main Dec. 31, 1888. His father, though a merchant, devoted much of his time to Hebrew studies; his grandfather, Mendel Frankfurter, was the founder of the...
HIRSCH, SAMUEL – American rabbi; born at Thalfang, near Treves, Rhenish Prussia, June 8, 1815; died in Chicago, Ill., May 14, 1889; educated at the universities of Bonn, Berlin, and Leipsic (Ph.D.). In 1838 he was appointed rabbi of the...
HIRSCH SCHOOL JOURNAL – See Periodicals.
HIRSCH, SIEGFRIED – German historian; born at Berlin Nov. 5, 1816; died at Paris Sept. 11, 1860; cousin of Theodor Hirsch. From 1833 to 1836 he studied history at the universities of Berlin and Königsberg. In 1834 he published a prize essay, "Das...
HIRSCH, SOLOMON – American merchant, diplomatist, and politician; son of Samson Hirsch and Ella Kuhn; born in Württemberg March 25, 1839. He went to the United States at the age of fifteen, and lived successively in the states of New York,...
HIRSCH, THEODOR – German historian; born Dec. 17, 1806, at Altschottland, near Danzig; died Feb. 17, 1881. He studied theology, history, and geography at Berlin (having previously embraced Christianity); became professor at the Friedrich Wilhelm...
HIRSCHBERG – See Silesia.
HIRSCHBERG, ERNST – German statistician; born March 8, 1859, at Königsberg, East Prussia. He was educated in his native town, graduating in 1882. Soon afterward he was employed in the statistical office of the city of Berlin, where he at first...
HIRSCHBERG, JULIUS – German ophthalmologist; born at Potsdam Sept. 18, 1843. He received his education at the gymnasium of his native town and at the University of Berlin, graduating as doctor of medicine in 1867. In the same year he became...
HIRSCHEL – See Voltaire.
HIRSCHEL, LEVI ELIAS – German physician; born Oct. 8, 1741, at Berlin; died there Dec. 17, 1772; educated at the Joachimsthalsche Gymnasium in his native town and at the University of Halle (M.D. 1763). He practised medicine for two years in Berlin,...