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The unedited full-text of the 1906 Jewish Encyclopedia
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INCENSE – An aromatic substance which exhales perfume during combustion; the odor of spices and gums burned as an act of worship. In ancient times, on account of the extreme heat of the Orient, incense was used, as it is to-day, to a much...
INCEST – Biblical Data: Marriage or carnal commerce between persons of a close degree of consanguinity. Even in modern times the connotation of "incestuous" is not the same in all countries. Among primitive and barbarous races there is a...
INCUNABULA – Works printed in the fifteenth century. Those of Jewish interest consist of (a) works printed in Hebrew and (b) works in other types relating to Jewish subjects. Of the former about 101 can be traced as certainly printed before...
INDEMNITY – That by which a surety who has been compelled to pay the debt of his principal is reimbursed, either by the principal or from other sources. The rabbinic law recognizes the surety's right to reimbursement (B. B. 174a, b), and...
INDEPENDENT HEBREW, THE – See Periodicals.
INDIA – An extensive region of southern Asia, comprising many countries, races, and sects. Including about 2,800 in the settlement of Aden, which is administered by the presidency of Bombay, there are at present about 21,000 Jews in the...
INDIANA – One of the Central States of the American Union; admitted 1816. The earliest Jewish congregation, the Achduth Vesholom congregation, was established at Fort Wayne in 1848. Fort Wayne now (1903) has a second congregation,...
INDIANAPOLIS – See Indiana.