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The unedited full-text of the 1906 Jewish Encyclopedia
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ISIDOR, LAZARD – Chief rabbi of France; grandson, on his mother's side, of Hirsch Katzenellenbogen, chief rabbi of Upper Alsace; born at Lixheim, Lorraine, July 13, 1813; died at Montmorency 1888. At the age of fourteen he entered the rabbinical...
ISIDORUS HISPALENSIS – Archbishop of Seville; flourished in the sixth and seventh centuries. He presided over the fourth Council of Toledo, called together by the Visigothic king Sisenand (633), and gave expression to the principle that Jews ought not...
ISIS – Egyptian deity, at whose instigation, it was alleged, the Jews were forced to leave Egypt. Cheremon, the enemy of the Jews, asserted that the goddess Isis had appeared to the Egyptian king Amenophis, and had censured him because...
ISLAM – Arabic word denoting "submission to God"; the name given to the religion of Mohammed and to the practises connected therewith. This religion was preached first to Mohammed's follow citizens in Mecca, then to all Arabia; and soon...
ISLAMI, 'ABD AL-ḤAḲḲ AḲ- – Jewish convert to Islam; lived at Ceuta, Morocco, in the first half of the fourteenth century. He wrote an Arabic work against the Jews in which the passages that he quotes from the Bible are given in Hebrew, transliterated in...
ISLER, MEYER – German philologist; born Dec. 14, 1807, at Hamburg; died there Aug. 19, 1888; studied philology at the universities of Bonn and Berlin (Ph.D. 1830). Appointed registrar of the city library of Hamburg in 1832, he thenceforward...
ISPAHAN – Traditional Founding. City in the district of Jabal, Persia, situated on the Zendarud. The Jews pretend to have founded Ispahan, saying that it was built by the captives whom Nebuchadnezzar transported thither after he had taken...