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JONAH – Palestinian amora of the fourth century; leading rabbinical authority in the fourth amoraic generation. With Jose II., his early schoolmate and lifelong colleague and business partner, he studied under Ze'era I. and Ela (Bek....
JONAH (ABU AL-WALID MERWAN IBN JANAḤ) – See Ibn Janaḥ.
JONAH BEN JUDAH GERSHON – Rabbi and author; died in Wilna 1808. He was dayyan of that city, and devoted his time to the study of the Tosefta, which he considered indispensable to a better understanding of the Mishnah and Gemara. But, finding the text...
JONAH LANDSOPHER – See Landsopher, Jonah.
JONAS, BENJAMIN FRANKLIN – American lawyer, soldier, and statesman; born in Williamstown, Grant county, Kentucky, July 19, 1834. In early youth he removed to Adams county, Illinois, where he received his education. In 1853 he went to New Orleans, where he...
JONAS, EMIL – German writer and publicist; born July 14, 1824, at Schwerin, Mecklenburg; educated at the gymnasium of his native city and at Heidelberg. In 1845 he became editor of the "Flensburger Zeitung." This paper took the part of the...
JONAS, ÉMILE – French musician; born at Paris March 5, 1827. He entered the Conservatoire in 1841, where he took the first prize in harmony in 1847 and the Grand Prix de Rome in 1848. Two overtures by him were played in the Conservatoire in...
JONAS, MOSES – See Bonn, Jonas ben Moses.
JONATHAN, JEHONATHAN – 1. Son or descendant of Gershom, son of Moses. He officiated as a priest to the idol of Micah—a service continued in his family till the Israelites were driven from their country (Judges xviii. 30). In the passage in which...
JONATHAN (NATHAN) – Tanna of the second century; schoolfellow of Josiah, apart from whom he is rarely quoted. Jonathan is generally so cited without further designation; but there is ample reason for identifying him with the less frequently...
JONATHAN BEN ABSALOM – General of Simon Maccabeus. At the command of the latter he took possession of Joppa, and drove out the inhabitants in order that they might not be able to surrender the city to Ṭarfon (I Macc. xiii. 11; Josephus, "Ant." xiii....
JONATHAN B. 'AKMAI – Palestinian amora of the third generation. According to Yer. Ter. xi. he was one of the teachers of Abbahu. It is probable that he was a descendant of the 'Akmai family of Jerusalem, in which there were many high priests (Yeb....
JONATHAN (NATHAN) B. AMRAM – Semi-tanna of the second and third centuries; disciple of Judah I. and senior of Jannai, who consulted him concerning ritual questions (Ḥag. 20a; 'Ab. Zarah 26b). Reluctance to make the possession of learning a means of material...
JONATHAN B. ANAN – Son of the high priest Anan; was appointed by Vitellius high priest in the place of Joseph Caiaphas, at the time of the Passover in the year 36 (Josephus, "Ant." xviii. 4, § 3). For reasons unknown he was deposed by Vitellius...
JONATHAN (NATHAN) OF BET GUBRIN – Palestinian scholar of the third century; junior of Joshua b. Levi and senior of Simon b. Pazzi (Cant. R. i. 1). He confined his labors to the Haggadah, and contributed to the Midrash several homilies, some of which, however,...
JONATHAN BEN DAVID HA-KOHEN OF LUNEL – French philosopher; flourished in the twelfth and thirteenth centuries. He defended Maimonides against the severe attacks of Abraham ben David of Posquières (RABaD), and at Jonathan's instance Maimonides sent to Lunel his "Moreh...
JONATHAN BEN ELEAZAR – Palestinian scholar of the third century; contemporary of Ḥanina b. Ḥama (Shab. 49a et seq.); disciple of Simon b. Jose b. Laḳonya. Rabbah b. Ḥana twice reports communications which he had with Jonathan in which the latter...