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The unedited full-text of the 1906 Jewish Encyclopedia
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JUDAH BEN ISAAC – French tosafist; born in Paris 1166; died there 1224 (Solomon Luria, Responsa, No. 29). According to Gross he was probably a descendant of Rashi, and a pupil of Isaac b. Samuel of Dampierre and his son Elhanan. He married a...
JUDAH B. ISAAC IBN SHABBETHAI HA-LEVI – See Judah Ibn Shabbethai.
JUDAH B. ISAAC IBN WAḲAR – See Ibn Wakar, Judah ben Isaac.
JUDAH BEN JOSEPH PEREZ – Rabbi at Venice and Amsterdam in the first half of the eighteenth century. He wrote: "Seder Ḳeri'e Mo'ed," cabalistic readings for the holy days (Venice, 1706); "Peraḥ Lebanon," sermons on the Pentateuch, to which he added...
JUDAH JUDGHAN – See Yudghanites.
JUDAH B. KALONYMUS B. MEÏR – German historian and Talmudic lexicographer; flourished in the second half of the twelfth century. Judah came from one of the most celebrated Jewish families of Germany. Kalonymus, Judah's father, was a scholar, an elder in...
JUDAH IBN ḲURAISH – Hebrew grammarian and lexicographer; born at Tahort, northern Africa; flourished in the eighth and ninth centuries. In his grammatical work he advanced little beyond his predecessors, but his contributions to comparative...
JUDAH BEN LAḲISH – Tanna of the second century. His name occurs only in the Tosefta and the Mekilta. He is the author of the halakah to the effect that a corpse may be carried on the Sabbath to save it from a fire (Shab. 43b). Besides this...
JUDAH LEON DI LEONE – Italian rabbi from 1796 to 1835. Sent as a messenger from Hebron to Rome, he became rabbi in the latter city during the troublous times following the struggles of the Jews for emancipation and reform. He was one of the...
JUDAH LEONE B. ISAAC SOMMO – Italian writer and dramatic critic and manager; died after 1591. A scion of the Portaleone family of Mantua, he lived first at Ferrara—where he was the friend of Azariah dei Rossi and became known as a scholar and skilful...
JUDAH HA-LEVI – His Youth. Spanish philosopher and Hebrew poet; born at Toledo, southern Castile, in the last quarter of the eleventh century; died in the Orient after 1140. If his birth is correctly assigned to 1085 or 1086 (Rapoport, in...
JUDAH HA-LEVI BEN SHALOM – Palestinian amora of the fourth generation; flourished in the second half of the fourth century. Few halakot of his are recorded in the Jerusalem Talmud. He appears as the opponent of Hananiah in the question of the fine imposed...
JUDAH LÖB BEN JOSHUA (HÖSCHKE) – Rabbi at Busk, Poland (now Austrian Galicia), in the seventeenth century. He was the author of "Leb Aryeh," containing homilies on the Pentateuch and the Five Megillot, published at Wilmersdorf in 1673.Bibliography:...
JUDAH LÖB BEN SIMEON – Rabbi and physician; born at Frankfort-on-the-Main about the middle of the seventeenth century; died at Mayence in 1714. He studied medicine and philosophy in Padua, where in 1674 he obtained the degree of doctor of medicine and...
JUDAH LÖW (LÖB, LIWA) BEN BEZALEEL – Austrian Talmudist and mathematician; born aboutthe second decade of the sixteenth century in Posen, whither his family had gone from Worms toward the end of the fifteenth century, probably in consequence of persecution; died at...
JUDAH LÖW BEN OBADIAH EILENBURG – Russian rabbi of the sixteenth century; succeeded Naphtali Herz as rabbi of Brest-Litovsk about 1570. His signature appears in the "taḳḳanot" (ordinances) passed by the Council of Four Lands at the Gromnitca fair at Lublin...
JUDAH BEN MEÏR HA-KOHEN HAZAḲEN – French Talmudist; lived about the year 1000. According to the sources, he was surnamed "Léon," "Léonṭe," "Léonṭin," "Sire Léon," and "Sire Léonṭin," and was designated as "the grand" and "the gaon." He was the principal teacher...
JUDAH BEN MENAHEM – Italian liturgical poet; lived, probably at Rome, in the middle of the twelfth century; father of the Roman dayyan Menahem ben Judah. He was the author of fourteen piyyuṭim, of which some are to be found in the printed Roman...
JUDAH MINZ – See Minz, Judah.
JUDAH BEN MOSES OF ARLES – A scholar of the second half of the eleventh century who enjoyed a great reputation and authority not only in France, but throughout the Rhine districts. One of Rashi's contemporaries, Nathan b. Makir of Mayence, mentions him as...
JUDAH BEN MOSES B. DANIEL – See Romano, Leone.
JUDAH BEN NATHANAEL – French liturgical poet; lived at Beaucaire in the first quarter of the thirteenth century. Al-Ḥarizi, who became acquainted with him about 1211, praises him highly. Judah had five sons: Samuel, Ezra, Isaac, Isaiah, and...
JUDAH B. PEDAYA – Palestinian amora of the first generation (3d cent.); nephew of Bar Ḳappara. Among his numerous pupils the most important was the haggadist Joshua b. Levi, who claimed to have received numerous halakot from Judah (Ex. R. vi.;...
JUDAH POKI (PUKI) BEN ELIEZER TSHELEBI – Karaite scholar; lived at Constantinople; died before 1501; nephew of Elijah Bashyazi. According to Steinschneider, the surname "Poki" is a variation of "Bagi," which is derived from the Turkish "bak" (pronounced "bag"). Judah...
JUDAH B. SAMUEL IBN 'ABBAS – See 'Abbas, Judah ben Samuel ben.