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The unedited full-text of the 1906 Jewish Encyclopedia
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KREMENETZ – District town in the government of Volhynia, Russia. The Jews of Kremenetz are first mentioned in a charter of privileges granted by the grand duke Svidrigaila of Lithuania May 9, 1438, to the waywode of Kremenetz, the German...
KREMER, MOSES B. DAVID – See Krämer, Moses b. David.
KREMNITZER, JOHANAN B. MEÏR – Polish rabbinical author; lived in the seventeenth century at Kalisz.He wrote "Oraḥ Mishor" (Sulzbach, 1692), a commentary on "Darke Mosheh" to Yoreh De'ah, by Moses Isserles. Kremnitzer was the author also of "Oraḥ Mishor"...
KREMSER, SIMON – German army commissary; born Sept. 15, 1775, at Breslau, Germany; died 1851. He became commissary agent to Blücher in 1806, and was entrusted with the Royal Prussian warchest. For his services in saving this at the risk of his...
KREMSIER, MORDECAI BEN NAPHTALI HIRSCH – German Talmudist and poet; lived at Cracow in the seventeenth century. He wrote: "Ḳinah" (Lublin [?], c. 1650), a dirge in which he mourns over the 120,000 Jews who perished in the Chmielnicki riots in Russia; "Ḳeṭoret...
KREMSIR – Town in Moravia, Austria, twelve miles southwest of Prerau. The oldest authentic records of its Jewish community date from the year 1322, when John, King of Bohemia and Poland, gave to the Bishop of Olmütz permission to settle...
KRESPIA NAḲDAN – Scribe of the thirteenth century. He is recorded as having copied in March, 1243, a manuscript of Maimonides' "Yad ha-Ḥazaḳah" now in the British Museum. The same manuscript contains an "azharah," with an acrostic on Krespia's...
KRESPIN, MORDECAI – Turkish rabbi and writer; lived on the island of Rhodes in the first half of the eighteenth century; son-in-law of R. Moses Israel, author of "Masse' ot Mosheh." Krespin was the author of the following two works: "Ma'amar...
KRETI AND PLETI – See Cherethites.
KREUZNACH – Prussian town and watering-place in the government of Coblenz. The first mention of Jews in Kreuznach occurs in an account of an attack upon them on March 31, 1283, given in Salfeld's "Martyrologium." In a number of documents,...
KRIEGSHABER, ISAAC – See Grieshaber, Isaac.
KRIMCHAKS – The so-called "Turkish Jews," inhabitants of the Crimea, whose center of population is Kara-Su-Bazar, one of the most densely populated districts of Taurida. They differ from the other Jews of Russia in that the Semitic and...
KRISTELLER, SAMUEL – German physician; born at Xions, Posen, May 26, 1820; died at Berlin June 15, 1900. He received his diploma as doctor of medicine from the University of Berlin in 1844, and settled as a physician in Gnesen, where in 1850 he was...
KROCHMAL, ABRAHAM – Galician philosopher and writer; born at Brody about 1823; died in 1895; son of Nachman Krochmal. Very littleis known of his life. He seems to have received an Orthodox education, which included, however, modern science. In 1830...
KROCHMAL, ḤAYYIM – Polish Talmudist; born 1626; died 1666 at Cracow; son-in-law of Abraham Chemiesch. He was for many years preacher ("darshan") in the different synagogues of Cracow. By his contemporaries Krochmal was considered an able scholar;...
KROCHMAL, MENAHEM MENDEL BEN ABRAHAM – Moravian rabbi; born at Cracow about 1600; died at Nikolsburg Jan. 2, 1661. His teacher in the Talmud was Joel Sirkes, author of "Bet Ḥadash." Krochmal soon distinguished himself so highly that with the permission of his master...
KROCHMAL, NACHMAN KOHEN – Austrian philosopher and historian; born at Brody, Galicia, Feb. 17, 1785; died at Tarnopol July 31, 1840. He began the study of the Talmud at an early age. When barely fourteen he was married, according to the custom of the...