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MANDÆANS – Language. Eastern religious sect that professes and practises an admixture of Christian, Jewish, and heathen doctrines and customs. The members of the sect live in Lower Babylonia, in the territory of Wasiṭ and Bassora, near...
MANDEL, PAUL – Hungarian jurist and deputy; born at Nyirbator Jan. 6, 1839. He studied law in Budapest and Vienna, and in 1875 was elected to the Hungarian Parliament as representative of his native city. He has retained his seat from that...
MANDELKERN, SOLOMON B. SIMḤAH DOB – Russian poet and author; born in Mlynov, Volhynia, 1846; died in Vienna March 24, 1902. He was educated as a Talmudist. After his father's death he went to Dubno (he was then fourteen), where he continued his Talmudical studies....
MANDELLI, DAVID – Hungarian linguist; born about 1780 at Presburg; died at Paris Dec. 22, 1836. He was one of the greatest linguists of his time, and is said to have excelled in his knowledge of foreign languages even the celebrated Cardinal...
MANDELSTAMM, BENJAMIN B. JOSEPH – Russian Hebraist and author; born in Zhagory about the end of the eighteenth century; died in Simferopol May 8, 1886. He was the eldest of several sons and received a liberal education. Inthe first part of his "Ḥazon la-Mo'ed"...
MANDELSTAMM, LEON (ARYEH LÖB) B. JOSEPH – Russian Hebraist, poet, and educator; born in Zhagory, government of Kovno, in 1809; died in St. Petersburg Sept. 12, 1889. He was the fourth son of Joseph Mandelstamm, a man of liberal and progressive views who had imbibed...
MANDELSTAMM, MAX (EMANUEL) – Russian physician and Zionist; born in Zhagory, government of Kovno, in 1838. His father, Ezekiel Mandelstamm, younger brother of Benjamin and Leon Mandelstamm, taught him French and German, in addition to the usual studies of...
MANDL, CHRISTOF – Hungarian author; converted to Christianity in 1534. His godfather was George, Margrave of Brandenburg, to whom Mandl dedicated his "Dass Jesus Christus Sey das Ewig Wort" (1536), in which Jesus is represented as the Redeemer....
MANDL, LUDWIG LAZAR – Hungarian anatomist and pathologist; born at Budapest Dec., 1812; died in Paris July 5, 1881; educated at Vienna and Budapest (M.D. 1836). He then settled in Paris to study microscopy. His researches in the embryology of the...
MANDL, MORITZ – Austrian dramatist and journalist; born in Presburg May 13, 1840. He went to Vienna and there joined the editorial staff of the "Wanderer" (1862) and later that of the "Neue Freie Presse." Since 1877 he has been assistant editor...
MANE – See Weights and Measures.
MANESSIER DE VESOUL – French communal leader; originally from Vesoul and probably of the family of Héliot of Vesoul, whose ledger has been published by Isidore Loeb (in "R. E. J." viii., ix.). He is chiefly known in connection with the Paris...
MANETHO – Greco-Egyptian writer whose history of Egypt, forming a source of Josephus, especially in his book "Contra Apionem" (i. 14 et seq.; ed. Niese, §§ 73-105; 228-251), possesses special interest for the history of Israel.Manetho was...
MANETTI, GIANNOZZO – Italian statesman and Christian Hebraist; born in Florence 1396; died at Naples Oct. 26, 1459. At the suggestion of Pope Nicholas V., who had made him one of his secretaries, Manetti learned Hebrew from a Jew named Manuel. He is...
MANI, ELIJAH – Turkish rabbi; died in Hebron, Palestine, in the summer of 1899. He was a native of Bagdad, where he was held in great esteem for his piety and his knowledge of the Cabala. About 1856 he went to Jerusalem, and two years later...
MANISSA – Town in the Turkish vilayet of Aidin, twenty-eight miles northeast of Smyrna. It has a population of 40,000, of whom 1,800 are Jews (against 1,200 in 1838). The community there is said to be older than that of Smyrna. Richard...
MANN, LOUIS – American actor; born in New York city 1865; son of Daniel and Caroline Mann. He began his career as an actor when but six years of age. In 1880 Mann went on tour with a small company, and subsequently was engaged by the elder...
MANNA – Biblical Data: The miraculously supplied food on which the Israelites subsisted in the wilderness. Its name is said to have originated in the question ("What is it?" Ex. xvi. 15, R. V.; comp. Rashi ad loc.), asked by the...
MANNE, MORDECAI ẒEBI – Russian Hebrew poet and painter; born at Rodzkowitz, government of Wilna, 1859; died there in 1886. He received the Talmudic training usual in Poland, and was taught Hebrew grammar by his father. At thirteen he entered the...
MANNHEIM – Town in the grand duchy of Baden, Germany. It has a population of 141, 131, including 5,478 Jews (1900). Jews are not known to have lived in Mannheim before the middle of the seventeenth century. On Sept. 1, 1660, thirteen...
MANNHEIMER (MAGYAR), GUSTAV – Hungarian painter; born at Budapest Feb. 27, 1854. He studied at the schools of drawing in Budapest, Munich, Vienna, and Rome. The best known of his paintings are: "On Flowery Mead," "Procession at Anacapri," "Young Tramps," and...
MANNHEIMER, ISAAC NOAH – Jewish preacher; born at Copenhagen Oct. 17, 1793; died at Vienna March 17, 1865. The son of a ḥazzan, he began the study of the Talmud at an early age, though not to the neglect of secular studies. On completing the course of...
MANNHEIMER (HERSCHMAN), LOUISE – Writer and poetess; born at Prague Sept. 3, 1845. In 1866 she went with her parents to New York, where she became the wife of Prof. Sigmund Mannheimer. She wrote German and English poems, and articles and reviews for German and...
MANNHEIMER, SIGMUND – American educator; born at Kemel, Hesse-Nassau, May 16, 1835. Educated at the teachers' seminary at Ems, Nassau, he became teacher in the Jewish schools of Schierstein (1853) and Hegenheim (1858). In 1861 he entered the...
MANOAH B. JACOB – French Talmudist; lived at Lunel in the second half of the thirteenth century. He is sometimes quoted under the abbreviation (="R. Manoah"; Halberstam MSS., No. 345). Manoah often cites decisions in the name of his father. After...