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MEGILLOT, THE FIVE – The "five rolls" ( )—Song of Solomon, Ruth, Lamentations, Ecclesiastes, and Esther. At the time of the formation of the canon of the Hagiographa these five books were not regarded as a unit, nor is the name "Megillah" as applied...
MEHLSACK, ELIAKIM – See Samiler, A. G.
MEIER, MORITZ HERMANN EDUARD – German philologist; born at Glogau, Silesia, Jan. 1, 1796; died at Halle Dec. 5, 1855. He was educated at the Graue Kloster in Berlin and at the universities of Breslau and Berlin (Ph.D. 1818). He embraced Christianity in 1817....
ME'ILAH – Treatise of Seder Ḳodashim in the Mishnah, Tosefta, and the Babylonian Talmud. In the Mishnaic order this treatise is the eighth, and contains six chapters comprising thirty-eight paragraphs in all. It deals chiefly with the...
MEINEK, MOSES SÄKEL – German scholar and editor; lived at Offenbach at the beginning of the eighteenth century. He published in 1715, under his own name, Naphtali Pappenheim's "Teutsche Apothek," and in 1717 a riddle in Judæo-German verse composed by...
MEÏR – Ordained in Youth. Tanna of the second century (fourth generation); born in Asia Minor. The origin of this remarkable scholar, one of the most striking figures of his age, is wrapped in obscurity. According to a haggadah, he was...
MEÏR (MAESTRO BENDIG) OF ARLES – See Bendig, Meïr.
MEÏR BEN BARUCH HA-LEVI – Rabbi at Vienna from 1360 to 1390; a native of Fulda (Isserlein, "Terumat ha-Deshen," No. 81). His authority was acknowledged not only throughout Germany, but even by the Spanish rabbis (Isaac b. Sheshet, Responsa, No. 278). He...
MEÏR CALW (CALVO; – Biblical commentator; the country and year of his birth are unknown. As he quotes Levi b. Gershon it may be assumed that he lived not earlier than the fifteenth century. Meïr Calw was the author of a commentary on the Pentateuch...
MEÏR OF CLISSON – French Talmudist of the first half of the thirteenth century. He is mentioned in an extract from "Pa'neaḥ Raza" (MS. Halberstam) on Gen. ii. 23 as a Bible commentator. Gross takes him to be identical with Meïr ben Baruch, who...
MEÏR B. DAVID – Grammarian of the last third of the thirteenth century. He wrote, under the title "Hassagat ha-Hassagah," a criticism of Ibn Janaḥ's "Kitab al-Mustalḥaḳ." Meïr's work is known, however, only through passages quoted by Profiat...
MEÏR BEN ELEAZAR – French liturgical poet of the first half of the thirteenth century. He wrote: (1) a series of poems to be recited on the seventh evening of Passover, some of which are arranged in alphabetical order; (2) a dirge beginning...
MEÏR BEN ELIAKIM – German liturgist; probably lived at Posen toward the end of the seventeenthcentury; author of "Meïr Elohim" (n.p., n.d.), a collection of Biblical passages to be recited on entering the synagogue, and ethical directions for...
MEÏR BEN ELIJAH OF NORWICH – English poet; flourished about 1260 at Norwich. One long elegiac poem and fifteen smaller ones by him are found in a Vatican manuscript, from which they were published by A. Berliner (London, 1887). It is possible that Meïr was...
MEÏR (MOSES MEÏR) B. EPHRAIM OF PADUA – Scribe and printer at Mantua; died in Nov., 1583. After practising various professions he settled in Mantua as a scribe. He was well versed in Talmud, and was a friend of Moses Provencal. There were forty-three of his scrolls...
MEÏR B. GEDALIAH OF LUBLIN – See Lublin, Meïr b. Gedaliah.
MEÏR BEN ISAAC OF ORLEANS – French liturgical poet and, possibly, Biblical commentator of the end of the eleventh century. Meïr and his son Eleazar are quoted in the commentary to I Chron. (xxix. 11) wrongly ascribed to Rashi. He composed several piyyuṭim,...
MEÏR B. ISAAC OF TRINQUETAILLE – French scholar of the twelfth century; a member of the family of Menahem Meïri of Perpignan. He was a native of Carcassonne, whence his father took him to Provence, where he soon became one of the most distinguished pupils of...
MEÏR IBN JAIR – Italian (?) Talmudist and grammarian of the sixteenth century. His family name seems to have been "Meïri"; for he is always mentioned under the name of "Meïr le-Bet Meïr" (= "Meïr of the house of Meïr"). He is called "Ibn Jair"...
MEÏR BEN JOSEPH BEN MERWAN HA-LEVI – French scholar; flourished at Narbonne in the twelfth century; brother of the nasi R. Moses ben Joseph ben Merwan, and pupil of Isaac ben Merwan, head of the Narbonne academy in the early part of the twelfth century. He was held...
MEÏR ḲADOSH (MEÏR BEN JEHIEL BRODA) – Moravian Talmudist; born at Ungarisch-Brod in 1593. He is known for his "Megillat R. Meïr" (Cracow, 1632), in which he narrates an adventure which happened to him when he was fifteen years old, and on account of which he...
MEÏR HA-KOHEN – French scholar of the thirteenth century; born at Narbonne; died at Toledo, Spain, whither he had emigrated in 1263 (Israeli, "Yesod 'Olam," ii. 35, ed. Berlin, 1846). Meïr occupied himself particularly with the study of the...
MEÏR BEN LEVI – Austrian Talmudist and Biblical commentator of the beginning of the eighteenth century; a native of Zolkiev. Under the title "Liḳḳuṭe Shoshannim" (Jessnitz, 1722), he compiled the comments and novellæ of the Geonim on the...
MEÏR OF OSTROWO – See Margolioth, Meïr b. Ẓebi Hirsch.
MEÏR OF ROTHENBURG (MEÏR B. BARUCH) – German tosafist, codifier, and liturgical poet; born at Worms about 1215; died in the fortress of Ensisheim, Alsace, May 2 (April 27 old style), 1293. He belonged to a family which was noted for its scholars; and in his responsa...