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The unedited full-text of the 1906 Jewish Encyclopedia
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MENDELSOHN, MARTIN – German physician; born at Posen Dec. 16, 1860; studied medicine at the universities of Leipsic and Berlin (M.D. 1885). After a year spent in Paris, where he took a postgraduate course, he established himself as a physician in...
MENDELSOHN, SAMUEL – American rabbi and scholar; born in Shillelen, province of Kovno, Russia, March 31, 1850. He was educated at the rabbinical college, Wilna, at the rabbinic school, Berlin, and at Maimonides' College, Philadelphia, Pa. (1873). In...
MENDELSON, MORRITZ EMANUILOVICH – Polish physiologist and physician; born at Warsaw 1855. He studied medicine at the University of Warsaw, and received his doctor's degree from the University of Kharkov in 1884. From 1876 to 1887 he worked in various...
MENDELSON, MOSES – German Hebraist andwriter of the eighteenth and nineteenth centuries; born in Hamburg; died there at an advanced age in 1861; a relative of Samson Raphael Hirsch.Mendelson lived in his native city as a private scholar. He...
MENDELSSOHN – German family rendered illustrious by the philosopher and the musician. It can not verify its ancestry further back than the father of the philosopher, though there is a family tradition that it is descended from Moses...
MENDES (MENDEZ) – Netherlandish family; one of the thirty prominent Jewish families which emigrated from Spain to Portugal under the leadership of the aged rabbi Isaac Aboab, and to which King John II. assigned the city of Oporto as a residence....
MENDES – One of the oldest Sephardic families. It continued in Spain and in Spanish possessions long after 1492, the year of the general expulsion. Many members of the family and its connections undoubtedly succeeded that year in joining...
MENDÈS, CATULLE – French poet, dramatist, and art critic; born at Bordeaux May 22, 1841. Educated in his native city, he went in 1859 to Paris, where he has since resided. In 1861 he founded the "Revue Fantaisiste" and in 1864 the "Parnasse,"...
MENDES, DAVID FRANCO – See Franco.
MENDES, FRANCISCO – Portuguese Marano; physician to Don Affonso, brother of the cardinal infante; lived in Lisbon in the sixteenth century. The shoemaker Luis Diaz, who proclaimed himself to be the Messiah, induced Mendes to undergo circumcision at...
MENDES, MAURITS BENJAMIN DA COSTA – Dutch philologist; born at Amsterdam May 16, 1851; entered the Athenæum (now the University) there in 1867 and studied classic philology. An accident at gymnastics aggravated for two years the deafness from which he had suffered...
MENDES (MENDEZ), MOSES – English poet and dramatist; born in London; died at Old Buckenham, Norfolk, Feb. 4, 1758; son of James Mendes, a stock-broker of Mitcham, Surrey, and grandson of Fernando Mendes. He was educated partly at St. Mary Hall, Oxford...
MENDES-NASI, FRANCISCO – Member of one of the richest and most respected Portuguese Marano families; died about 1536; husband of Beatrice de Luna. He owned a large banking-house in Lisbon, which had branches in Flanders and France, and which advanced...
MENDESIA, GRACIA – Philanthropist; born about 1510, probably in Portugal; died at Constantinople 1569; member of the Spanish family of Benveniste. As a Maranoshe was married to her coreligionist Francisco Mendes-Nasi. After the early death of her...
MENDL, SIGISMUND FERDINAND – English politician; born 1866. He was educated at Harrow School and University College, Oxford, and in 1888 was admitted to the bar at the Inner Temple, London. After unsuccessfully contesting the Isle of Wight in 1892, and...
MENDLIN, JACOB WOLF – Russian Hebrew economist; born at Moghilef-on-the-Dnieper 1842. He was the first of the Hebrew writers to treat of economic questions in their application to the condition of the Jewish masses in Russia. About 1862 he went to...
MENDOZA, DANIEL – English pugilist; born 1763 in White-chapel, London; died Sept. 3, 1836. Champion of England from 1792 to 1795, he was the founder of a distinct school of boxing which marks a period in the history of pugilism. In Miles's...
MENE, MENE, TEKEL, UPHARSIN – Words written by a mysterious hand on the wall of Belshazzar's palace, and interpreted by Daniel as predicting the doom of the king and his dynasty. The incident is described as follows: Once when King Belshazzar was banqueting...
MENELAUS – High priest from 171 to about 161 B.C.; successor of Jason, the brother of Onias III. The sources are divided as to his origin. According to II Maccabees (iv. 23), he belonged to the tribe of Benjamin and was the brother of the...
MENEPHTHA – See Merneptaḥ.
MENGS, ANTON RAFAEL – Austrian painter; born in Aussig, Bohemia, March 12, 1728; died in Rome June 29, 1779; son of Ismael Israel Mengs. Anton Mengs was early destined for an artist's career; and his father with much strictness kept him to his...
MENGS, ISMAEL ISRAEL – Danish portrait-painter; born in Copenhagen 1690; died in Dresden Dec. 26, 1765. He learned the art of miniature- and enamel-painting in Lübeck, and then traveled through Germany, Italy, and Austria, earning a scant livelihood...
MENKEN – American family, the first known member of which was Solomon Menken.Jacob Stanwood Menken: American merchant; born in Cincinnati 1838; youngest son of Solomon Menken. With his brother Nathan Davis he entered the Union army, and...
MENKEN, ADA ISAACS – Anglo-American actress and writer; born June 15, 1835, at Milneburg, La.; died in Paris, France, Aug. 10, 1868. Her first appearance before the public was at the Opera-House, New Orleans, where she danced with her sister...
MENORAH – The holy candelabrum. For Biblical Data See Candlestick. The Mosaic Menorah as Described in Rabbinical Literature.(After a sketch by J. D. Eisenstein, New York.)—In Rabbinical Literature: The Talmud speaks only of the menorah...