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MEYER, VICTOR – German chemist; born in Berlin Sept. 8, 1848; died in Heidelberg in 1897. He was inclined toward literature and the stage, when a visit to his elder brother, then studying chemistry at Heidelberg, turned his thoughts into...
MEYERBEER, GIACOMO – German composer; born at Berlin Sept. 5, 1791; died at Paris May 2, 1864. His real name was Jakob Liebmann Beer; but he changed it when his grandfather promised to leave him his fortune on condition that the composer prefix the...
MEYSELS, BERISCH (BAER) – See Meisels, Dob Berush b. Isaac.
MEYUḤAS – Oriental Jewish family which gave several rabbinical writers to Jerusalem and Constantinople.Abraham ben Samuel Meyuḥas: Rabbi in Turkey in the eighteenth century; author of "Sedeh ha-Areẓ," in three parts, the first two being...
MEZA (MESA) – A family of Amsterdam distinguished for the number of its members that filled rabbinic offices.Abraham Ḥayyim de Jacob de Solomon de Meza: Member of the Talmud Torah 'Eẓ Ḥayyim in Amsterdam, and author of a sermon, delivered in...
MEZA, CHRISTIAN JACOB THEOPHILUS DE – Danish physician and author; born in Copenhagen Nov. 26, 1756; died there April 6, 1844. He was a son of the physician Christian de Meza, together with whom he embraced Christianity in 1783. In the same year he graduated as M.D....
MEZA, CHRISTIAN JULIUS FREDERIK (SOLOMON) DE – Danish physician; born in Amsterdam Sept. 4, 1727; died in Copenhagen June, 1800. Meza, who was the son of a Portuguese rabbi, Abraham de Meza, studied medicine in Amsterdam, and later at the University of Utrecht (M.D. 1749)....
MEZEI, ERNEST – Hungarian deputy and journalist; born at Satoralja-Ujhely, Hungary, in May, 1851. He completed his school career partly in his native city and partly in Kaschau, and then took a course in law and philosophy at the University of...
MEZEI, MORITZ – Hungarian jurist and deputy; born at Satoralja-Ujhely Jan. 17, 1836. He studied law in Budapest, and even as a student took an active part in the efforts to restore the Hungarian constitution and emancipate the Hungarian Jews....
MEZEY, FRANZ – Hungarian juristand author; born at Acsad Feb. 5, 1860. His parents had destined him for a rabbinical career, but after reaching maturity and becoming a thorough Hebrew scholar, he took up the study of jurisprudence and was...
MEZUZAH – Name given to a rectangular piece of parchment inscribed with the passages Deut. vi. 4-9 and xi. 13-21, written in twenty-two lines according to the same rules as those for the Torah and tefillin. The parchment is rolled up and...
MHUSHILKAR, REUBEN EZEKIEL – Beni-Israel soldier. He enlisted in the 19th Regiment Native Infantry Jan. 15, 1849, was made jemidar Oct. 1, 1861, and promoted subahdar Jan. 1, 1870. He was present at the battles of Multan, Gujarat, the Punjab (awarded medal...
MICAH – 1. Prophet; author of the sixth book in the collection known as "The Twelve Minor Prophets" (Mic. i. 1). The name of the prophet appears to be a shortened form of , "Micaiah" (= "Who is like Yhwh?"), and is so written in Jer....
MICAH, BOOK OF – Biblical Data: The sixth book in the collection known as "The Twelve Minor Prophets"; it is ascribed to Micah the Morasthite (see Micah No. 1). It consists of seven chapters, the contents of which are as follows: Ch. i.: The...
MICHA – 1. Son of Mephibosheth (see Micah No. 3). 2. One of the Levites who sealed the covenant with Nehemiah (Neh. x. 11).E. G. H. M. Sel.
MICHAEL – Israel's Advocate. One of the archangels one of the chief princes"; Dan. x. 13), who is also represented as the tutelary prince of Israel (ib. x. 21, xii. 1). The signification of the name (= "Who islike El"?) was recognized by...
MICHAEL ḤASID – See Jehiel Michael ben Judah Löb.
MICHAEL, HEIMANN JOSEPH – Hebrew bibliographer; born at Hamburg April 12, 1792; died there June 10, 1846. He showed great acuteness of mind in early childhood, had a phenomenal memory, and was an indefatigable student. He studied Talmudics and received...
MICHAEL, ISAAC – German laryngologist; born at Hamburg Nov. 16, 1848; died there Jan. 7, 1897. He studied at the universities of Heidelberg, Leipsic, Berlin, and Würzburg (M.D. 1873), became assistant at the throat, and later at the ear,...
MICHAEL JESOFOVICH – Senior of the Jews of Lithuania under King Sigismund I. of Poland; born at Brest-Litovsk about the middle of the fifteenth century; died there between 1530 and 1533. Michael, like his brothers Abraham and Isaac, was among the...
MICHAEL, MAX – German painter; born in Hamburg March 23, 1823; died at Berlin March 24, 1891. He studied art first at the Kunst-Akademie in Dresden, then for five years at Paris, after which he spent twenty years at Rome and Venice. In these...
MICHAEL BEN MOSES COHEN – Palestinian rabbi and liturgist; lived at Jerusalem in the seventeenth century. He wrote "Moreh Ẓedeḳ" (Salonica, 1655), an index to the laws contained in the Shulḥan 'Aruk, Ḥoshen Mishpaṭ, showing where they may be found in...
MICHAEL, MOSES GERSON – American merchant and capitalist; born Aug. 15, 1862, at Jefferson, Ga. At an early age he graduated as B.E. from the University of Georgia with highest honors, and shortly afterward entered with his brother Simon upon a...
MICHAEL BEN SHABBETHAI – Rabbi of Rome in the sixteenth century. In a decision of 1539 his signature reads "Michael b. Shabbethai ," the last word being the name of a place in Africa whence probably Michael's ancestors originated, and becoming when...
MICHAEL BEN SHABBETHAI COHEN BALBO – Greek scholar, Hebrew poet, and preacher; born March 27, 1411. A manuscript preserved in the Vatican (No. 305) contains several works of his, namely: a poem composed in 1453 on the occasion of the capture of Constantinople by...