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The unedited full-text of the 1906 Jewish Encyclopedia
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MOGULESKO, SIGMUND (SELIG) – American comedian; born in Kaloraush, Bessarabia, Dec. 16, 1858; now residing in New York. He possessed a fine voice from early youth, and was the favorite "meshorer" or choir-singer with several well-known ḥazzanim. He went to...
MOHAMMED – Early Years. Founder of Islam and of the Mohammedan empire; born at Mecca between 569 and 571 of the common era; died June, 632, at Medina. Mohammed was a posthumous child and lost his mother when he was six years old. He then...
MOHEL – See Circumcision.
MOHILEWER, SAMUEL – Favors Palestine Colonization. Russian rabbi and Zionist; born in Hluboka, government of Wilna, April 25, 1824; died in Byelostok June 10, 1898. His father, Judah Löb, educated him not only in Hebrew, but also in secular...
MOHR, ABRAHAM MENDEL – See Muhr, Abraham.
MOINESHTI – Small town in Moldavia, district of Bakau. The census of 1820 reported forty-two Jewish taxpayers in the town, who constituted the larger part of the population; they were engaged in the exploitation of petroleum-wells, which...
MOÏSE – American Jewish family descended from Abraham Moïse, who was born in Alsace and emigrated to the West Indies, where he married a member of a Jewish family of St. Eustace. He amassed great wealth, but in 1791 was compelled to...
MOÏSEVILLE – See Agricultural Colonies in the Argentine Republic.
MOKAMES, DAVID AL- – See David (Abu Sulaiman) ibn Merwan al-Muḳammaṣ.
MOKIAḤ, MORDECAI – See Mordecai Mokiaḥ.
MOLAD – See Calendar.
MOLDAVIA – See Rumania.
MOLE – Traditional rendering of the Hebrew "ḥaparparah" (Isa. ii. 20). Some give "mole" as the translation also of "ḥoled" (Lev. xi. 29), which is, however, generally assumed to mean Weasel. "Tinshemet," which the Septuagint, the...
MOLIN, JACOB BEN MOSES HA-LEVI – See Mölln, Jacob ben Moses.
MOLINA, ISAAC – Egyptian rabbi of the sixteenth century; a native of Venice. He had a controversy with Joseph Caro on the subject of R. Gershom's "taḳḳanot" (comp. Caro, Responsa on Eben ha-'Ezer). There is also a responsum of Molina in Caro's...
MOLITOR, JOSEPH FRANZ – German Christian cabalist; born June 8, 1779, in Ober Ursel, in the Taunus; died in Frankfort-on-the-Main March 23, 1860. Early in life he interested himself in the philosophy of Kant, Fichte, and Schelling, writing under the...
MOLKO, SOLOMON – Marano cabalist; born a Christian in Portugal about 1500; died at Mantua in 1532. His baptismal name probably was Diogo Pires. He held the post of secretary in one of the higher courts of his native country. When the adventurer...
MOLL, ALBERT – German physician; born at Lissa May 4, 1862; educated at the universities ofBreslau, Freiburg, Jena, and Berlin (M.D. 1885). During the following two years he took postgraduate courses at Vienna, Budapest, London, Paris, and...
MÖLLN (MOLIN) – Name of a family of Mayence. The name , which, according to D. Kaufmann ("Der Grabstein des R. Jacob ben Moses ha-Levi," in "Monatsschrift," xlii. 26), is to be read "Molin" rather than "Mölln," is not intended to indicate the...
MOLO, FRANCISCO – Dutch financier and statesman; lived in the seventeenth century. In 1679 he settled in Amsterdam as financial agent of John III., King of Poland, a fact which hardly agrees with De Barrios' statement ("Panegyrico al Laureado...
MOLOCH (MOLECH) – Biblical Data: In the Masoretic text the name is "Molech"; in the Septuagint "Moloch." The earliest mention of Molech is in Lev. xviii. 21, where the Israelite is forbidden to sacrifice any of his children to Molech. Similarly,...
MOMBACH, JULIUS LAZARUS – Musician and composer; born in Pfungstadt 1813; died at London, England, Feb. 8, 1880. In 1828 he went to London and received a good musical education under Enoch Eliasson. On the election of Simon Ascher to the position of...
MOMMSEN, CHRISTIAN MATTHIAS THEODOR – Jurist, archeologist, and historian; born Nov. 30, 1817, at Garding, Sleswick-Holstein; died Nov. 1, 1903, at Charlottenburg, near Berlin. His most important work is his "Römische Gesch." (vol. i., 9th ed., Berlin, 1903; vols....
MONASTIR – Capital of Rumelia, European Turkey; 400 miles west of Constantinople; the ancient Vitolia. It has a population of 65,000, including 6,000 Jews. There are no documents referring to Jews in Monastir before the arrival of the...
MONATSSCHRIFT FÜR DIE GESCHICHTE UND WISSENSCHAFT DES JUDENTHUMS – The oldest and most important monthly devoted to the science of Judaism. It was founded by Zacharias Frankel in Dresden in the year 1851, in continuation of his "Zeitschrift für die Religiösen Interessen des Judenthums," which...