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MORDECAI JAFFE – See Jaffe.
MORDECAI BEN JEHIEL (MICHAEL HA-LEVI) – Russian grammarian and ab bet din of Slawatyetz-on-the-Bug; lived at the beginning of the eighteenth century. He wrote "Mera Dakya" (Frankfort-on-the-Oder, 1734, and often reprinted), a grammatical commentary on Rashi's...
MORDECAI BEN JOSEPH OF AVIGNON – Provençal Talmudist; flourished in the middle of the thirteenth century; a contemporary of the Dominican Pablo Christiani, a former pupil of Eliezer of Tarascon. Mordecai, as the most prominent Jew in Provence, suffered the most...
MORDECAI BEN JUDAH (MORDUSCH) – Polish ritualist; lived at Lamkumsh; died 1584. He edited the Maḥzor with the commentary of Abraham Abigdor, to which he added notes of his own (Lublin, 1567); in the same way he edited the latter's seliḥot (Cracow, 1584). Two...
MORDECAI BEN JUDAH (ARYEH LÖB) ASHKENAZI – Dutch ritualist; lived in Amsterdam in the early part of the seventeenth century. He was a disciple of Abraham Rovigo, whose commentary to the Zohar, "Eshel Abraham," he arranged and corrected. It was published, with the text,...
MORDECAI BEN JUDAH HA-LEVI – Chief rabbi of Cairo, Egypt; preacher and Biblical commentator; flourished in the seventeenth century; died at Jerusalem. He was the author of "Darke No'am" (Venice, 1698), responsa on the four parts of the Shulḥan 'Aruk,...
MORDECAI BEN JUDAH LÖB OF LEMBERG – Commentator; lived in the latter part of the seventeenth century. He was rabbi of Dobri, Bohemia. His commentary to the Pentateuch, "Ma'amar Mordekai" (Dyhernfurth, 1719), was edited by his son Judah Löb, "shammash" of...
MORDECAI HA-KOHEN OF SAFED – Cabalist and scholar; flourished in the second half of the sixteenth century. He was a pupil of the famous cabalist Israel de Curiel, and a contemporary of R. Joseph di Trani. The latter mentions him in his responsa (ii., No....
MORDECAI MOKIAḤ – Shabbethaian prophet and false Messiah; born in Alsace about 1650; died at Presburg May 18, 1729. The death of Shabbethai Ẓebi (1676) seems to have encouraged his followers, who claimed that he had returned to his heavenly abode...
MORDECAI BEN NAPHTALI HIRSCH KREMSIR – Polish commentator; died in Cracow 1670. He was a disciple of Shabbethai Sheftel. His most important work is a commentary to Targum Jonathan and Targum Yerushalmi—"Ḳeṭoret ha-Sammim" (Amsterdam, 1671). He wrote also "Ḳinah," an...
MORDECAI NATHAN, MAESTRO – French physician; lived at Avignon in the middle of the fifteenth century. He corresponded with Joseph Colon, who highly praises his medical skill and addresses him by the title , a term which, according to some authorities...
MORDECAI BEN NATHAN BEN ELIAKIM BEN ISAAC OF STRASBURG – French commentator; lived at Corbeil about the end of the thirteenth century. He was the author of a commentary on the "Sefer Miẓwot ha-Ḳaṭon (SeMaḲ)," published in the Constantinople edition.Bibliography: Gross, Gallia Judaica,...
MORDECAI BEN NISSAN HA-ZAḲEN – Karaite scholar; lived at Krasnoi-Ostrog, Poland, in the seventeenth and eighteenth centuries. He studied under Joseph ben Samuel, ḥazzan of Kalisz, and David ben Shalom ha-Zaḳen, and at an earlyage became proficient both in...
MORDECAI B. SHABBETHAI – Liturgical poet of the thirteenth century; a native either of Italy or of Greece. His penitential prayers ("seliḥot"), which are remarkable both for their form and for their clear, flowing language, have been incorporated into...
MORDECAI ẒEMAḤ B. GERSHON (SONCIN) – See Soncin.
MORDO, LAZARE – Physician and honorary rabbi of Corfu; born 1744; died 1823; studied at Venice and Padua. In 1814 he was appointed chief physician of the island of Corfu, and he was esteemed both by the government and by the entire population...
MORENO (MORENU) – According to the interpretation of Moses ibn Ḥabib, a proper name, which was adopted as a family name by Spanish-Portuguese Jews. It frequently occurs in connection with "Paz," "Shalom," and "Henriquez." Families bearing this...
MORENU – Term used since the middle of the fourteenth century as a title for rabbis and Talmudists; and the abbreviation (= ) was placed before the name of the scholar in question. Thus the abbreviation ("MaHaRaM") stands for "Morenu...
MORESHETH-GATH – City in Palestine, apparently the native place of the prophet Micah; mentioned in connection with Lachish, Achzib, Mareshah, and other towns of the lowland ("shefelah") of Judah (Mic. i. 13-15). Jerome ("Onomasticon," s.v....
MORGENLAND, ALTES UND NEUES – Monthly magazine published in Basel, Switzerland. It was edited by Samuel Preiswerk and appeared for six years (1838-44). Its contents were exclusively exegetical in character; indeed, the periodical was designed "for the...
MORGENSTERN, KARL – German landscape-painter; born at Frankfort-on-the-Main Oct. 25, 1812; died there Jan. 10, 1893. He received his education in art in the Munich Academy of Arts, and in 1834 visited the Bavarian highlands and Italy.Of his...
MORGENSTERN, LINA – Multifarious Activity. German authoress and communal worker; born in Breslau Nov. 25, 1830. The Revolution of 1848 led her to interest herself in the political and social situation. In 1854 she married Theodor Morgenstern of...
MORGULIS, MICHAEL (MIKHAIL GRIGORYEVICH) – Russian jurist and author; born at Berdychev March 25, 1837. His parents, who were well-to-do people, gave him a good education, and during his-early training in the ḥeder he displayed remarkable ability. Entering the rabbinical...
MORIAH – 1. A district in Palestine containing several mountains, on one of which Abraham was commanded by God to sacrifice his son Isaac (Gen. xxii. 2). 2. A mountain at Jerusalem on which Ornan the Jebusite had a thrashing-floor and on...
MORITZ, ALBERT – American naval engineer; born at Cincinnati, Ohio, June 8, 1860. He was educated at the College of the City of New York, graduating in 1877; in that year he was appointed to the United States Naval Academy at Annapolis, from...