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The unedited full-text of the 1906 Jewish Encyclopedia
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NAZIR – A treatise of the Mishnah and the Tosefta and in both Talmuds, devoted chiefly to a discussion of the laws laid down in Num. vi. 1-21. In the Tosefta its title is Nezirut ("Nazariteship"). In most of the editions of the Mishnah...
NAZIR, ISAAC – One of the earliest cabalists. According to an account which is not altogether trustworthy, he was the real founder of cabalistic science; its secrets are said to have been revealed to him in a vision by the prophet Elijah....
NAZIR, JACOB B. MESHULLAM B. JACOB OF LUNEL – See Jacob Nazir.
NAZIR, MOSES HA-LEVI – See Moses ha-Levi ha-Nazir.
NEANDER, JOHANN AUGUST WILHELM – German Church historian; born at Göttingen Jan. 17, 1789; died at Berlin July 14, 1850. Prior to his baptism his name was "David Mendel," and on his mother's side he was related to Moses Mendelssohn. He attended the gymnasium at...
NEAPOLIS – See Shechem.
NE'ARIM – See Nagari, Moses ben Judah.
NEBELAH – Biblical expression for the carcass of an animal, and sometimes for a dead human body(I Kings xiii. 24; Isa. xxvi. 19; Ps. lxxix. 2). The Mosaic law contains a prohibition against eating, carrying, or touching the carcass of an...
NEBICH (NEBBICH) – Judæo-German term carrying the sense of "regret" and "pity." It is used as a noun, an adverb, and most often as an interjection; e.g., "Nebich, the poor man"; "He is a great nebich" (object of pity). The etymological explanation...
NEBO, MOUNT – According to Deut. xxxii. 49 and xxxiv. 1-3, it was from this mountain that Moses, just before his death, surveyed the promised land. Both these passages belong to the Priestly Code (P). This mountain is probably the same as the...
NEBRASKA – One of the central units of the United States of America; admitted into the Union in 1854. Jews traversed the state on their way to California during the gold-finding period of 1848-1849; there is, however, no record of their...
NEBUCHADNEZZAR – Biblical Data: The son of Nabopolassar; became king of Babylon in 604 B.C. as Assyria was on the decline; died 561.His name, either in this spelling or in the more correct form, Nebuchadrezzar (from the original,...
NEBUSHASBAN – The first-named of the four chief officers sent by Nebuzar-adan to take Jeremiah out of the court of the guard (Jer. xxxix. 13) and to deliver him into safe hands. The position of this official is not known. The equivalent of...
NEBUZAR-ADAN – Biblical Data: Captain of Nebuchadnezzar's body-guard. Nebuzar-adan entered Jerusalem in 586 B.C., burned the Temple, the king's palace, and the houses of the great, razed the walls of the city, and carried many of its people...