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The unedited full-text of the 1906 Jewish Encyclopedia
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OSER, BARUCH – German ab bet din; born about 1743 at Prague; died 1822 at Hamburg. From 1783 to 1814 he was dayyan in the latter city, and in Jan., 1814, he became president of its rabbinate, at the time when the town was occupied and was...
OSER, LEOPOLD – Austrian physician; born at Nikolsburg, Moravia, July 27, 1839; studied medicine at Vienna University, graduating and establishing himself as a physician in that city in 1862. In 1872 he became privat-docent at the university,...
OSIMO, MARCO – Italian physician; born at Montagnana in 1818; died at Padua May 1, 1881. He received his degree in medicine at the university of the latter city in 1851. In 1854, becoming interested in the diseases of silkworms, he began the...
OSIRIS, DANIEL – French philanthropist and art patron; born at Bordeaux July 23, 1825. For more than half a century a close friend of men prominent in art, politics, literature, and science, he has devoted his life and fortune to benefactions....
OSKAR JUSTINUS – See Cohn, Oskar Justinus.
OSNABRÜCK – Capital of the district of the same name in the province of Hanover, Prussia. A Jew named Jacob is mentioned in a document of 1267 as living there; and the text of a Jewish oath of the same period has been preserved. On Nov. 28,...
OSNAPPER – See Asnapper.
OSPREY – Rendering in the English versions of the Hebrew "'ozniyyah" in the list of unclean birds in Lev. xi. 13 and Deut. xiv. 12. As the osprey proper (Pandion haliaetus)is not common in Palestine, "'ozniyyah" may be a generic term...
OSSIFRAGE – An unclean bird, mentioned in Lev. xi. 13 and Deut. xiv. 12; the Gypaetus barbatus, commonly known as the lammergeier (R. V. "gier-eagle"). It derives its name from its habit of breaking bones, its favorite food, by letting them...
OSTERBERG, MAX – American electrical engineer; born at Frankfort-on-the-Main June 12, 1869. He accompanied his parents to America (New York) in 1884, where he entered upon a business career. In 1891 he took up the study of electricity, and...
ÖSTERREICHER, JOSEPHMANES – Hungarian physician; born at Alt-Ofen 1756; died at Vienna Dec. 14, 1831. He studied medicine, but could not practise until after the promulgation of the edict of toleration by Emperor Joseph II. in 1781. He received his medical...
OSTRAU – See MÄhrish-Ostrau.
OSTRICH – The Hebrew term for this bird occurring most frequently in the Bible is "bat ha-ya 'anah"; the plural form "ye'enim" occurs in Lam. iv. 3, and "renanim" in Job xxxix. 13 (A. V. "peacocks"). The Authorized Version renders also...
OSTROG – Russian city in the government of Volhynia. A Jewish community was probably founded at Ostrog toward the end of the fourteenth century, when Lutsk was already noted for its important Jewish population. The first...