JewishEncyclopedia.com

The unedited full-text of the 1906 Jewish Encyclopedia
- Phrase search: "names of god"
- Exclude terms: "names of god" -zerah
- Volume/Page: v9 p419
- Diacritics optional: Ḥanukkah or hanukkah
- Search by Author: altruism author:Hirsch
search tips & recommendations
PHARPAR – River flowing from Hermon south of Damascus, where it turns to the southeast and flows into the Lakes of the Marj. Thomson identifies the stream with Al-A'waj; G. A. Smith and Socin (in Baedeker) with Al-Sabirani, which unites...
PHASAEL – Elder brother of Herod the Great. Both Phasael and Herod began their careers under their father, Antipater, who appointed the former to be governor of Jerusalem, and Herod governor of Galilee (Josephus, "Ant." xiv. 9, § 2; "B....
PHASAELIS, PHASAELUS – City in Palestine founded by Herod the Great in honor of his brother Phasael (Phasaelus). It was situated in the Jordan valley north of Jericho, in a barren region, which was, however, made fit for cultivation (Josephus, "Ant."...
PHENICIA – A district of somewhat indefinite limits stretching for about 200 miles along the east coast of the Mediterranean and extending inland from five to fifteen miles. The eastern boundary was the Lebanon range, while Ptolemy...
PHERORAS – Son of Antipater and his wife Cypros; died in 5 B.C. (Josephus, "Ant." xvii. 3, § 3; "B. J." i. 29, § 4). He was the youngest brother of Herod, who entrusted to him the petty warfare with the partizans of Antigonus, and at whose...
PHILADELPHIA – Chief city of Pennsylvania, and the third, in point of population, in the United States. It is supposed that there were Jews in the neighborhood of Philadelphia at the time of the landing of William Penn, in 1682, since there...
PHILANTHROPIN, THE – High school of the Hebrew community of Frankfort-on-the-Main. The institution, which has been in existence since Jan. 1, 1804, was founded by Siegmund Geisenheimer conjointly with a number of friends as a place of instruction...
PHILIP – 1. Son of Herod and Cleopatra of Jerusalem; ruled from 4 B.C. to 34 C.E. When Herod changed his will in the year 4, shortly before his death, he appointed Philip tetrarch of Gaulanitis, Trachonitis, Batanæa, and Paneas. After...
PHILIP IV. – King of Spain; called the "poet king" because he was devoted to poetry and art; born at Valladolid April 8, 1605; died Sept. 17, 1665. He delegated the regulation of affairs of state to his favorite, D. Gaspar Guzman, Count de...
PHILIP D'AQUINAS – See Aquin, Philippe d'.
PHILIP OF BATHYRA – Son of Jacimus and grandson of Zamaris, both of whom governed the city of Bathyra in Trachonitis. Agrippa II. honored Philip with his friendship and made him leader of his troops (Josephus, "Ant." xvii. 2, § 3), so that when...
PHILIPP, ISIDOR (EDMOND) – Hungarian pianist; born at Budapest Sept. 2, 1863. He went to Paris at the age of sixteen and entered the Conservatoire as a pupil of Mathias. In 1883 he won the first pianoforte prize, and later took a supplementary course...
PHILIPPE, ÉDOUARD SYLVAIN – French playwright; born at Paris April 18, 1840. Educated for a commercial career, he was engaged in business for more than twelve years, when, in 1869, he abandoned it for music. In the Franco-Prussian war he saw active service...
PHILIPPE, FÉLIX – French army officer; born 1825; died in Paris July 23, 1848. A lieutenant and instructor in artillery in the National Guard, he was entrusted with the defense of the Hotel-de-Ville at Paris during the Revolution of 1848. He was...
PHILIPPE, LÉON GABRIEL – French engineer; born at Paris Oct. 6, 1838; educated at the Ecole Polytechnique as an engineer of roads and bridges. He was a major of auxiliary engineers in the Army of the North during the Franco-Prussian war (1870-71). In...
PHILIPPI, FRIEDRICH ADOLF – Lutheran theologian; born at Berlin Oct. 15, 1809; died at Rostock Aug. 29, 1882. He was the son of a wealthy Jewish banker, a friend of Mendelssohn. Converted to Christianity in 1829, he studied philosophy and theology at...
PHILIPPOPOLIS – Historical Data. Capital of eastern Rumelia, or southern Bulgaria. Historical data of the early years of its Jewish community are very meager. The anonymous author of an appendix to the Judæo-Spanish "Yosippon" (Constantinople,...
PHILIPPSON – German family made distinguished by Ludwig Philippson, the founder of the "Allgemeine Zeitung des Judenthums"; it traces its descent back to Jacob Joshua, author of "Pene Yehoshua'," 1754.Alfred Philippson: German geologist;...
PHILIPSON, DAVID – American rabbi; born at Wabash, Ind., Aug. 9, 1862; educated at the public schools of Columbus, Ohio, the Hebrew Union College of Cincinnati (graduated 1883; D.D. 1886), the University of Cincinnati (B.A. 1883), and Johns...
PHILISTINES – A people that occupied territory on the coast of the Mediterranean Sea, south-west of Jerusalem, previously to and contemporaneously with the life of the kingdoms of Israel. Their northern boundary reached to the "borders of...
PHILLIPS – American family, especially prominent in New York and Philadelphia, and tracing its descent back to Jonas Phillips, who emigrated from Germany to England in 1751 and thence to America in 1756. The genealogical tree of the family...
PHILLIPS, BARNET – American journalist; born in Philadelphia Nov. 9, 1828; educated at the University of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia, whence he was graduated in 1847. Shortly afterward he set out for Europe, where he continued his studies and...
PHILLIPS, SIR BENJAMIN SAMUEL – Lord mayor of London; born in London in 1811; died there Oct. 9, 1889. He was a son of Samuel Phillips, tailor, and was educated at Neumegen's school at Highgate and Kew. In 1833 he married, and soon afterward entered into...
PHILLIPS, GEORGE LYON – Jamaican politician; born in 1811; died at Kingston, Jamaica, Dec. 29, 1886. One of the most prominent and influential residents of Jamaica, he held the chief magistrateship of the privy council and other important executive...
PHILLIPS, MORRIS – American journalist and writer; born in London, England, May 9, 1834.Phillips received his elementary education in Cleveland, Ohio, and later continued his studies under private tutors in New York. He studied for the legal...