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The unedited full-text of the 1906 Jewish Encyclopedia
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RÉVAI, MÓR – Hungarian deputy; born at Eperies in 1860; educated at the universities of Budapest and Leipsic. In 1880 he entered the publishing-house which his father had founded in 1869 under the firm name of Révai Brothers; and since that...
REVELATION (BOOK OF) – Jewish Origin. The last book in the New Testament canon, yet in fact one of the oldest; probably the only Judæo-Christian work which has survived the Paulinian transformation of the Church. The introductory verse betrays the...
REVELATION – Term used in two senses in Jewish theology; it either denotes (1) what in rabbinical language is called "Gilluy Shekinah," a manifestation of God by some wondrous act of His which overawes man and impresses him with what he...
REVENGE – See Avenger of Blood.
REVERE, GIUSEPPE – Italian dramatist and humorist; born at Triest in 1812; died Nov. 22, 1889. He was destined by his parents for a commercial career, but soon abandoned it to pursue literary and philosophical studies at Milan. He studied German,...
REVERTS, ADMISSION OF – The rabbinical law takes notice of apostates ("mumarim"; the popular name "meshummadim" is of somewhat modern origin); and apostasy is treated as the sum of all iniquities. But the person guilty of apostasy does not cease to be...
REVISED VERSION – See Bible Translation.
REVISTA ISRAELITA – See Periodicals.
REVUE DES ETUDES JUIVES – French quarterly, founded July, 1880, at Paris by the Société des Etudes Juives, and published under the editorship of Isidore Loeb and after his death (June 3, 1892) under that of Israel Lévi. Like the "Jewish Quarterly...
REVUE ISRAÉLITE – See Periodicals.
REVUE ORIENTALE – A periodical issued in Brussels at irregular intervals. It was published in the French language and was devoted to Jewish science. It was founded and edited by Eliakim Carmoly, who was also the author of most of the articles...
REWBELL, JEAN FRANÇOIS – Alsatian deputy of the French National Assembly from 1789 to 1791, and its president in the latter year; born at Colmar Oct. 8, 1747; died there Nov. 23, 1807. When the question of the emancipation of the Jews was discussed...
REZIN – Last king of the Damascene dynasty; slain in 732 B.C. With Pekah, King of Israel, he planned a campaign against Ahaz, King of Judah (734; II. Kings xvi. 5; Isa. vii. 1-8). The two kings feared Tiglath-pileser, King of Assyria;...
RHEINHOLD, HUGO – German sculptor; born March 26, 1853, at Oberlahnstein, Prussia; died at Berlin Oct. 2, 1900. At the age of sixteen, after having passed through the gymnasium at Coblenz, he entered upon a mercantile career. A residence of four...
RHINOCEROS – See Unicorn.
RHODE ISLAND – One of the original thirteen states of the American Union. The settlement of Jews in the state dates back to 1658 (see Newport). In addition to the community in Newport, the state has a growing community in Providence, with four...
RHODES – Turkish island in the Ægean Sea, and the largest in the Sporades group. This island has successively borne different names, finally preserving that of 'Πόδον. The Bible knew it under the name . In Gen. x. 4 the word occurs, in I...
RI – See Isaac b. Samuel.
RIBA – See Isaac ben Asher ha-Levi.