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SCHAPIRO, HEINRICH – Russian physician; born at Grodno 1853; died at St. Petersburg Feb. 14, 1901. After leaving the gymnasium at Grodno he studied in the St. Petersburg medical academy (1871-76). During the Turko-Russian war Schapiro served as a...
SCHAPIRO, MOSES B. PHINEHAS – Russian rabbi and printer; born probably in Koretz, Volhynia, about 1758; died in Slavuta 1838. He was the son of the Ḥasidic rabbi Phinehas of Koretz, and was rabbi of Slavuta in 1808, when he began to publish a new edition of...
SCHARF, MORITZ – See Tisza-Eszlár.
SCHATZ, BORIS – Russian sculptor; born in 1866, in the government of Kovno. He was the son of a poor schoolmaster ("melammed"). He studied first at the Wilna School of Design, then at the Academy of Fine Arts in Warsaw, and finally at Paris,...
SCHECHTER, SOLOMON – President of the faculty of the Jewish Theological Seminary of America; formerly reader in rabbinics at Cambridge University; born in Rumania in 1847. His youth was devoted exclusively to the study of rabbinical literature. He...
SCHEFFTEL, SIMON BARUCH – German Hebraist; born June 14, 1813, at Breslau; died March 9, 1885. In 1848 he settled as a merchant at Posen. After his retirement from business, in 1871, he prepared a large Hebrew commentary on the Targum Onḳelos, which was...
SCHEID, ELIE – French communal worker and writer; born at Hagenau, Alsace, Oct. 24, 1841. After he had graduated from college, the impairment of his voice compelled him to give up his plan of preparing himself for a rabbinical career, and he...
SCHEINDLINGER, SAMUEL B. ABRAHAM (SALER) – Polish rabbi; died in Lemberg Aug. 7, 1796. He was probably a native of Dobromil, and was at first rabbi in Sale and afterward preacher and rosh bet din in Lemberg, where he remained until his death. Scheindlinger was the author...
SCHENK, LEOPOLD – Austrian embryologist; born at Urmény, Comitat Neutra, Hungary, Aug. 23, 1840; died at Schwanberg, Styria, Aug. 18, 1902. Having studied at the University of Vienna (M.D. 1865), he was for the following eight years assistant at...
SCHERSCHEWSKI, BENJAMIN – Russian physician; born in Brest-Litovsk 1857. He studied medicine at the University of Warsaw, from which he graduated in 1883. In 1885 he went to Palestine and settled in Jerusalem; two years later he went to Vienna, where he...
SCHERSCHEWSKI, JUDAH JÜDEL BEN BENJAMIN – Lithuanian Talmudist and Hebraist; born in 1804; died at Kovno Sept. 20, 1866. After having studied Talmud and rabbinics under Jacob Meïr Yalovker, Scherschewski was employed in one of the business establishments in Wilna,...
SCHERSCHEWSKI, ẒEBI HIRSCH HA-KOHEN – Russian Hebrew writer; born at Pinsk in 1840. While still a boy he studied Hebrew grammar and archeology without a teacher. After serving as secretary of the Jewish community of Pinsk, he went to the Crimea, where, at Melitopol,...
SCHEUER, JACOB MOSES DAVID (TEBELE) B. MICHAEL – German Talmudist; born in the beginning of the eighteenth century at Frankfort-on-the-Main; died 1782 at Mayence. Scheuer came of one of the old Frankfort families which adopted as family names those by which the houses they...
SCHEY, PHILIPP, BARON VON KOROMLA – Hungarian merchant and philanthropist; born at Güns (Köszeg) Sept. 20, 1798; died at Baden, near Vienna, June 28, 1881. He was the first Jew in Hungary to be made an Austrian noble. In his patent of nobility, granted May 13,...
SCHICK, ABRAHAM BEN ARYEH LÖB – Lithuanian Talmudist and author of the nineteenth century; a native of Slonim, government of Grodno. Schick occupied himself especially with midrashic, or haggadic, literature. In this field he published: "Zera' Abraham"...
SCHICK, BARUCH B. JACOB – See Baruch b. Jacob (Shklover).
SCHICK, ELIJAH BEN BENJAMIN – Lithuanian rabbi and preacher; born at Vasilishok, government of Wilna, in 1809; died at Kobrin, government of Kovno, Sept. 2, 1876. He was a pupil of Benjamin, chief rabbi of Grodno. As rabbi he officiated in various towns,...
SCHIFF – Family of Frankfort-on-the-Main, Germany. The earliest known member, Jacob Kohen Ẓedeḳ Schiff, who is mentioned on the tombstone of his son, Uri Phoebus, as having discharged the function of dayyan at Frankfort-on-the-Main, must...
SCHIFF, EMIL – Austrian journalist; born in Raudnitz, Bohemia, May 30, 1849; died in Berlin Jan. 23, 1899. Schiff was the son of a petty merchant, and became a pupil at the Jewish public school in his native town and at the German gymnasium in...
SCHIFF, JOSEF – Austrian stenographer; born Feb. 25, 1848, at Ragendorf, Hungary. In 1874 he was appointed teacher of stenography at the Vienna Academy of Agriculture, and in 1898 lecturer on Gabelsberg's system of stenography at the University...
SCHIFFER, FEIWEL (PHOEBUS) – Russian Hebraist and poet; born in Lasezow, government of Lublin, about 1810; died after 1866. He lived successively in Josefov, Brody, Szebrszyn, and Warsaw, and was one of the best-known of the early Maskilim of Russian...
SCHIFFERS, EMANUEL – Russian chess master; born of German parents at St. Petersburg May 4, 1850; died there Dec. 12, 1904. He was educated at the gymnasium of his native city, studying in the classical, physical, and mathematical faculties. In 1871...
SCHILL, SOLOMON – Hungarian philologist; born Oct. 14, 1849, in Budapest. He studied at Raab, Budapest, and Vienna; obtained his diploma as a teacher; and was appointed, in 1874, professor at the gymnasium at Arad. In 1878 he became professor of...
SCHILLER, ARMAND – French journalist; born at Saint-Mandé (Seine) Aug. 7, 1857. He studied at the Lycée Condorcet, and, after receiving his dipoma as "licencié en droit" from the faculty of Paris, entered his father's printing establishment. At...
SCHILLER-SZINESSY, SOLOMON MAYER – Reader in rabbinic at Cambridge University; born at Alt-Ofen, Hungary, 1820; died at Cambridge March 11, 1890. After a distinguished academic career he graduated as doctor of philosophy from the University of Jena, being...