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SILVEYRA (SILVEIRA), ABRAHAM (DIEGO) GOMES – Poet and preacher; long resident in various French and Dutch towns, finally settling at Amsterdam. He was a member of the Academy of Poets founded by D. Manuel de Belmonte in 1676, and was the author of a collection of...
SILVEYRA, MIGUEL DE – Spanish poet; born in Celorico, Portugal, in the last third of the sixteenth century; died at Naples in 1638. He studied philosophy at Coimbra, and jurisprudence, medicine, and mathematics at Salamanca; and for twenty years...
SIMA (SAMA) – Babylonian amora of the latter half of the fourth and of the beginning of the fifth century; son of Rab Ashi. He is known through halakic questions which he addressed to his father (Ket. 33b, 69a; Zeb. 19b, 24a; Men. 25a; B. Ḳ....
SIMCHOWITZ, SAMUEL – Russian rabbinical writer; born in the beginning of the nineteenth century; died at Slutzk March, 1896. He possessed a thorough rabbinical knowledge, and at the same time was well versed in modern literature. Numerous essays...
SIMEON – Biblical Data: Second son of Jacob by Leah, and progenitor of one of the tribes of Israel; born at Padan-aram. In Gen. xxix. 33 the origin of the name is given: "God hath heard that I am hated" (R. V.). Various etymological...
SIMEON, TRIBE OF – Biblical Data: This tribe traces its descent from Simeon, second son of Jacob by Leah. He was the brother of Levi and Dinah, according to Gen. xxxvi. 25, xlix. 5, but elsewhere (ib. xxx. 1-9, xlvi. 8-15) it is stated that he had...
SIMEON – Tanna of the first generation; brother of Azariah and uncle of Eleazar ben Azariah. He is mentioned only once in the Mishnah, in Zeb. i. 2, where a saying of his has been preserved. He is named after his brother Azariah, who was...
SIMEON I. – Son of Hillel and father of Gamaliel I. Nothing is known of him except his name and the fact that he was the successor of Hillel as president of the Sanhedrin (Shab. 15a).W. B. J. Z. L.
SIMEON II. (BEN GAMALIEL I.) – President of the Great Sanhedrin at Jerusalem in the last two decades before the destruction of the Temple. Not merely a scholar, but a man of resolution and courage also, he was one of the leaders in the revolt against the...
SIMEON (BEN GAMALIEL II.) – Wide Knowledge. Tanna of the third generation, and president of the Great Sanhedrin. Simeon was a youth in Bethar when the Bar Kokba war broke out, but when that fortress was taken by the Romans he managed to escape the massacre...
SIMEON B. ABBA – Palestinian amora of the third generation; pupil of Ḥanina b. Ḥama, who esteemed him highly, and of Johanan, who would have been glad to ordain him (Sanh. 14a). Simeon's family came originally from Babylonia; Simeon himself...
SIMEON B. ABSALOM – Amora the period of whose activity is not known. Only two haggadic sentences by him have been preserved. One, on Judges iv. 5, declares that Deborah sat under a palm-tree instead of in her house, in order to escape any possible...
SIMEON B. 'AḲASHYAH – Tanna of the second generation. Only one of his haggadic sentences has been preserved, namely, that explaining Job xii. 12, 20, in which he declares that coarse and uneducated persons lose in intelligence as they grow old, while...
SIMEON, AKIBA BAER – See Akiba Baer.
SIMEON B. BOETHUS – The first high priest of the family of Boethus in the Temple of Jerusalem. He was a native of Alexandria. He owed his appointment as high priest to his daughter Mariamne, who captivated Herod by her beauty, the king advancing...
SIMEON HA-DARSHAN – See Ḳayyara, Simeon.
SIMEON B. ELEAZAR – Tanna of the fourth generation; probably a son of R. Eleazar b. Shammua'. He was a pupil of R. Meïr, whose sentences, both halakic and haggadic, he transmitted (Ḥul. 6a; Shab. 134a; 'Er. 29a). The following anecdote, related of...
SIMEON B. EZRON – One of the principals in the war of the Jews against the Romans in the year 66 of the common era, and a partizan of the leader of the Zealots, Eleazar b. Simeon. He was of noble descent (Josephus, "B. J." v. 1, § 2), and may be...
SIMEON BAR GIORA – See Bar Giora, Simon.
SIMEON B. ḤALAFTA – One of the teachers of the transition period between the Tannaim and the Amoraim. He was a friend of Ḥiyya, and is mentioned several times as differing with him in regard to haggadic sentences (Lam. R. i. 2; Pesiḳ. xi. [ed....
SIMEON HE-ḤASID – Tanna; period of activity unknown. He is not mentioned in the Mishnah; and only one haggadic sentence of his has been preserved, in a baraita. It refers to Job xxii., and states that the 974 generations which should have been...
SIMEON B. ISAAC B. ABUN – Prominent expounder of the Law and one of the most important liturgical writers of the tenth and eleventh centuries. He was a native of Mayence and a contemporary of R. Gershom Me'or ha-Golah. He received a written communication...
SIMEON B. JAKIM – Palestinian amora of the third generation: pupil of R. Johanan, to whom he often addressed scholarly questions (Yer. 'Orlah i. 60d; Yer. B. B. 16b), and contemporary of R. Eliezer. He was a prominent teacher and was considered...
SIMEON B. JEHOZADAK – Palestinian amora of the first generation; probably the teacher of Johanan, who has transmitted several halakic sayings of his (R. H. 34b; Yoma 43b; 'Ab. Zarah 47a; Ned. 45a; Niddah 10b; Ta'an. 28b). Simeon lived to be very old,...
SIMEON B. JOSE B. LEḲONYA – Tanna of the fourth generation; contemporary of R. Judah ha-Nasi I. He was the brother-in-law of Eleazar b. Simeon, whose son he educated and instructed in the Torah (B. M. 85a). Only a few of his halakic sentences have been...