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The unedited full-text of the 1906 Jewish Encyclopedia
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SOLOMON URBINO – See Urbino, Solomon de.
SOLOMON, VABIAN L. – Premier of South Australia; born about 1849; son of Judah Moss Solomon. Early in life Solomon went to the Northern Territory, where he engaged in business, was elected mayor of the chief town, and became connected with the...
SOLOMON DE VESOUL – Son of Manessier de Vesoul, who died in 1375 or 1378. By a decree of Charles V., the Wise, he was appointed clerk and tax-gatherer for the Jews of France (Aug. 9, 1378). Like his father and brothers, Solomon was in high favor at...
SOLOMON IBN YA'ISH BEN ABRAHAM – 1. Spanish scholar, physician, and (probably) Biblical commentator; died at Seville in May, 1345. According to a Spanish tumular inscription of Seville, from which this date is taken, Solomon wrote many works on medical and...
SOLOMON IBN ẒAḲBEL – Spanish poet of the twelfth century; relative of Abu Omar Joseph ibn Sahl, who died in 1124. Solomon was the author of a satirical romance written in the form of the Arabic "Maḳamat" of Abu al-Ḳasim Mohammed al-Ḥarizi, which...
SOLOMON ZALMAN BEN ISAAC – Polish rabbi; died at Warsaw in 1838. After having filled the position of rabbi at Mashelsk and Praga, he was called to the rabbinate of Warsaw, which he held until his death. Solomon carried on a scientific correspondence with...
SOLOMON ẒARFATI, JACOB B – See Ẓarfati.
SOLOMONOV, ABRAHAM – Russian author; born in Minsk 1778; died in St. Petersburg. He was a prominent propagandist of the Haskalah movement among the Russian Jews in the first half of the nineteenth century, for which task his intimate knowledge of...
SOLOMONS, ADOLPHUS SIMEON – American communal worker; born in New York city Oct. 26, 1826; son of John Solomons, a native of London who emigrated to the United States in 1810, and of Julia, daughter of Simeon Levy.Solomons was educated in the University of...
SOLOMONS, LEVY – One of the founders of the Canadian Jewish community; born early in the eighteenth century; died May 18, 1792. He settled in Montreal almost immediately after the British conquest. Before going to Canada he had lived in Albany,...
SOLOVEICHIK, JOSEPH BAER – Russian Talmudist and rabbi; born at Nieswish, Russia, 1820; died May 1, 1892. At an early age he was sent to Volozhin, where he studied under R. Simon and then entered the yeshibah. When R. Gershon of Minsk was compelled by ill...
SOLOVYEV, VLADIMIR SERGEYEVICH – Russian publicist and friend of the Jews; born 1853; died in 1900. In an article, "Rossiya i Yevropa," he opposed the attitude of the Slavyanophil party against the Jews. He became a member of the Society for the Promotion of...
SOLYMOSI, ESTHER – See Tisza-Eszlár.
SOMEKH, ABDALLAH ABRAHAM JOSEPH – Rabbi of Bagdad; born in that city 1813; died there 1889. He was educated by Rabbis Jacob Joseph ha-Rofe and Moses Ḥayyim, the latter of whom held the office of ab bet din. Somekh, who was looked upon as the spiritual head of...
SOMMO, JUDAH – See Judah Leone b. Isaac Sommo.
SON – See Child, The.
SON OF GOD – Term applied to an angel or demigod, one of the mythological beings whose exploits are described in Gen. vi. 2-4, and whose ill conduct was among the causes of the Flood; to a judge or ruler (Ps. lxxxii. 6, "children of the Most...
SON OF MAN – In Contrast to Deity. The rendering for the Hebrew "ben adam," applied to mankind in general, as opposed to and distinct from non-human relationship; expressing also the larger, unlimited implications of humanity as...
SONCINO – Italian family of printers, deriving its name from the town of Soncino, in the duchy of Milan. It traces its descent through a Moses of fürth, who is mentioned in 1455, back to a certain Moses of Speyer, of the middle of the...
SONG OF MOSES – Biblical Data: Poem found in Deut. xxxii. 1-43. It is said that "Moses spake in the ears of all the assembly of Israel the words of this song" (Deut. xxxi. 30, R. V.; comp. ib. xxxii. 44). The song exhibits striking originality...
SONG OF SONGS, THE – One of the Five Megillot. The Hebrew title, , is commonly understood to mean "the most excellent of songs, composed by Solomon" (not "one of the songs composed by Solomon"); the title, however, is later than the poem, in which...
SONG OF SONGS, MIDRASHIM TO – See Shir ha-Shirim.
SONG OF THE THREE HOLY CHILDREN, THE – Greek insertion in the Book of Daniel after iii. 23, the only one of the additions to Daniel that really add to the text of the book. The title given above is inexact: under it are included two distinct pieces, namely, (1) the...
SONNEMANN, LEOPOLD – German journalist; born at Höchberg, Lower Franconia; Oct. 29, 1831. After having acquired considerable wealth as a merchant, he founded in 1856 the "Frankfurter Zeitung," a newspaper published in Frankfort-on-the-Main; it soon...
SONNENFELD, SIGISMUND – Hungarian journalist; born at Vagujhely, Hungary, Oct. 1, 1847. He received his education in his native town, at the gymnasia at Prague and Presburg, and at the University of Budapest (Ph.D. 1870). In the year of his graduation...