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The unedited full-text of the 1906 Jewish Encyclopedia
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TALKAR, DANIEL RAHAMIM – Beni-Israel soldier; enlisted in the 4th Rifles on April 1, 1842. He was made jemidar and native adjutant on Jan. 1, 1857; subahdar on Jan. 1, 1861; subahdar-major and bahadur in 1878. He served with the reserve forces in the...
TALKAR, EZEKIEL – Beni-Israel soldier; born at Ahmedabad, India, in 1848; joined the 3d Regiment, Native Light Infantry, now called Bombay Rifles, on Sept. 16, 1864. He was promoted jemidar Jan. 1, 1877; subahdar Oct. 5, 1879; and subahdar-major...
TALLAGE – A tax arbitrarily imposed upon a community, which was made collectively responsible for the entire sum. This tax was frequently levied on the English Jews during the twelfth and thirteenth centuries. A tallage of £60,000, known...
ṬALLIT – Mantle with fringes (ẓiẓit) at the four corners; a prayer-shawl worn over the garments, and used by men after marriage and, in modern times, by boys after their confirmation as "bar miẓwot." The ṭallit, which can be spread out...
TALLY – A piece of wood on which is written a deed of indebtedness, the sum due being indicated by notches along the edge. The stick is then cut in two in such a manner that each piece thereof contains a part of every notch. One part is...
TALMID ḤAKAM – Honorific title given to one well versed in the Law. Prizing knowledge, especially that of the Torah, above all worldly goods, the talmide ḥakamim formed in Jewish society a kind of aristocracy having many privileges and...
TALMUD – Name of two works which have been preserved to posterity as the product of the Palestinian and Babylonian schools during the amoraic period, which extended from the third to the fifth century C.E. One of these compilations is...
TALMUD COMMENTARIES – Earliest Attempts. The commentaries on the Talmud constitute only a small part of halakic literature in comparison with the responsa literature and the commentaries on the codices. At the time when the Talmud was concluded the...
TALMUD HERMENEUTICS – Classes of Rules. The science which defines the rules and methods for the investigation and exact determination of the meaning of the Scriptures, both legal and historical. Since the Halakah, however, is regarded simply as an...
TALMUDIC LAW – Three Historical Periods of Jewish Law. The development of thousands of years is represented by the Jewish law asit is found in the Shulḥan 'Aruk, Ḥoshen Mishpaṭ, of Joseph Caro (16th cent.), as well as in numerous other works...