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NETTER, JUSTIN ARNOLD:

French physician; born at Strasburg Sept. 20, 1855. He studied in the hospitals of Paris between 1876 and 1884 ("externe," 1876-77; "interne," 1879-82; "interne laureate," 1883-84), and received his degree in medicine in 1883. Settling in Paris, he became in 1889 assistant professor in the faculty of medicine, and was appointed physician to the Hôpital Tenon in 1894 and to the Hôpital Trousseau in 1895. Netter was appointed by the medical faculty in 1897 to the chair of experimental and comparative anatomy, and was elected a member of the Academy of Medicine in 1904, succeeding his teacher Proust. He had been made a chevalier of the Legion of Honor in 1892 in recognition of his services during the epidemic of cholera. He held the appointments of expert on the jury of the Paris Exposition of 1889, and member of the board on admission and classification for the Paris Exposition of 1900; he is also a member of the committee on the Jewish schools of Paris, and of the central committee of the Alliance Israélite Universelle.

Netter is a prolific contributor to medical journals, having collaborated on many studies in the diseases of the lungs and pleura, epidemic cerebrospinal meningitis, pathogenic microbes of the buccal cavity and the digestive tube, diphtheria, epidemics of exanthematous typhus and cholera, the plague, and infantile scurvy. Netter is also the author of the sections on pleurisy in the "Traité de Médecine," vol. iv., and the article "Hygiene" in Bouchard's "Traité de Pathologie Générale."

Bibliography:
  • Exposé des Titres et Travaux Scientifiques du Docteur Netter, Paris, 1904;
  • La Grande Encyclopédie.
S. J. Ka.
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