French jurist and politician; born at Gundershoffen, Lower Alsace, Oct. 14, 1834. He was graduated from the law school of Paris in 1874, and in the same year established himself as an attorney at the Court of Appeals in Paris. After occupying various administrative positions in the office of the Ministry of the Interior, he was appointed prefect of the department of the Drôme in 1888. For some years he was a resident of Algeria, where he filled various important positions. As an officer in the Algerian militia, he organized the victualing department of the Algerian troops during the Franco-Prussian war of 1870-71. He drafted the official proclamation of the French republic and published it in Algiers on Sept. 4, 1870. In 1873 he organized a banquet on the occasion of the departure from Algiers of the first Hebrew conscripts for military service in France. On Dec. 31, 1895, he was created an officer of the Legion of Honor.
Strauss is the author of the following works: "L'Assimilation et la Reconstitution du Ministère d'Algérie," Paris, 1874; "L' Algérie et la Prusse," ib. 1874; "La Maison Nationale de Charenton" (illustrated), ib. 1900.