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JABEZ, ISAAC BEN SOLOMON BEN ISAAC BEN JOSEPH HA-DORESH:

Turkish Biblical exegete and preacher in the second half of the sixteenth century; a descendant of Joseph Jabez. He wrote: (1) "Ḥasde Abot," commentary on Pirḳe Abot (Constantinople, 1583); (2) "Yafiḳ Raẓon," homiletic explanations of the Hafṭarot according to the German and Portuguese rites (Belvedere, 1593); (3) "Torat Ḥesed," commentaries on the Hagiographa, except Chronicles (ib. c. 1593-94); the commentary to each book has a subtitle indicating its contents—as "Tehillot Adonai" (on Psalms), "Limmude Adonai" (on Proverbs), "Yir'at Shaddai" (on Job), "Ḳodesh Hillulim" (on Canticles), "Ẓemaḥ Ẓaddiḳ" (on Ruth)—and a commentary on the Pesaḥ Haggadah is appended to the work. All the hagiographic commentaries except those on Proverbs, Ecclesiastes, and Esther are printed in the rabbinical Bible "Ḳehillat Mosheh," Amsterdam, 1727, the subtitles in a few cases being somewhat changed.

Bibliography:
  • Benjacob, Oẓar ha-Sefarim, pp. 196, 228, 647;
  • Conforte, Ḳore ha-Dorot, p. 30a;
  • Fuenn, Keneset Yisrael, i. 615;
  • Fürst, Bibl. Jud. ii. 2;
  • Steinschneider, Jewish Literature, p. 232;
  • idem, Cat. Bodl. col. 1125.
G. M. Sc.
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