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The unedited full-text of the 1906 Jewish Encyclopedia
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ALKALAI, ISAAC BEN JOSEPH – See Alfasi, Isaac ben Joseph.
ALKALAI, JOSEPH BEN DAVID – Lived in Turkey in the early part of the nineteenth century. Author of "Amar Yoseph," containing notes to Maimonides and alphabetically arranged novellæ to the Talmud, as well as a number of homilies (Salonica,
ALKALAI, JUDAH BEN SOLOMON ḤAI – Rabbi in Semlin, Croatia; died October, 1878. He became noted through his propaganda in favor of the restoration of the Jews to Palestine. By reason of some of his projects, he may justly be regarded as one of the precursors of...
ALKALAI, MOSES BEN DAVID – Judæo-Spanish translator, and writer of Hebrew textbooks; lived in Turkey in the nineteenth century. With his father David, he translated Solomon ibn Verga's "Shebeṭ Yehudah" from Hebrew into Judæo-Spanish (Belgrade, 1859). He...
ALKAN, ALPHONSE – French printer, bibliographer, and author; born in Paris, 1809, died at Neuilly-sur-Seine, 1889. He first worked as a practical printer, then wrote for various typographical and bibliographical reviews, and subsequently was...
ALKAN, CHARLES HENRI VALENTIN – French pianist and composer; born in Paris, Nov. 30, 1813; died there, March 29, 1888. On attaining his sixth year he was admitted to the Paris Conservatory of Music, and when but seven years old (1820) won the first prize for...
ALKAN, NAPOLÉON ALEXANDRE (Morhange) – French pianist and composer; born in Paris, 1826. He was a brother of Charles Valentin Alkan, and, like him, entered the Conservatory of Music at a very early age. He studied under Adolphe Adam and Pierre Zimmerman. In 1850 he...
ALKIMUS JAKIM – High priest, leader of the Hellenists. See Alcimus.
ALLARIZ – A Spanish town in the province of Orense, Galicia, in which, as in Coruña, Ferrol, and Pontevedra, there were Jews as early as the eleventh century. Upon a complaint by the prior of the monastery of Allariz, Isaac Ishmael, the...
ALLATIF, ISAAC BEN ABRAHAM IBN LATIF – See Latif, Ibn.
'ALLE HADAS – See Periodicals.
ALLEGORICAL INTERPRETATION – That explanation of a Scripture passage which is based upon the supposition that its author, whether God or man, intended something "other" (Greek, ἀλλος) than what is literally expressed. Expositors of this system may be called...
ALLEGORY IN THE OLD TESTAMENT – Allegory is a sustained description or narration, treating directly of one subject, but intended as an exposition of another, the latter having a more spiritual nature than the former, yet bearing some perceptible resemblance to...
ALLEGRI, ABRAHAM – A contemporary of Moses Benveniste; lived at Constantinople about the middle of the seventeenth century. He wrote a commentary on the "Sefer ha-Miẓwot" of Maimonides, in which he defended him against the attacks of Naḥmanides....
ALLEMANNO, JOHANAN – A cabalist who flourished in the second half of the fifteenth century; born in Constantinople. He migrated to Italy, and became distinguished there as the teacher of Pico della Mirandola, "the Italian prodigy," in Hebrew and the...
ALLEN, JOHN – English dissenting minister, educator, and author; born at Truro in 1771 and educated in the city of his birth by Dr. Cardue. He conducted a private school at Hackney, near London, for thirty years, and died at that suburb on...
ALLENSTEIN – Town in the district of Königsberg, eastern Prussia. The small Jewish community there was established Feb. 25, 1862. Before that date there were only a few families in the town, and they rented a room for divine services. The...
ALLGEMEINE ZEITUNG DES JUDENTHUMS – A German journal devoted to Jewish interests; founded in 1837 by Dr. Ludwig Philippson(1811-89); published first in Leipsic and later in Berlin. At the time of its foundation there had been several Jewish journals in existence:...
ALLGEMEINES ARCHIV DES JUDENTHUMS – A monthly publication, devoted, as its title indicates, to the general history of the Jews. It was founded and edited by Jeremiah (Jerome) Heinemann, who, prior to its publication in Berlin in 1839, had edited an annual entitled...
ALLIANCE ISRAÉLITE UNIVERSELLE – A society founded in 1860 for the protection and improvement of the Jews in general, but mainly devoted to the interests of those in the east of Europe North Africa, and Asia Minor. It was established by six Jews of Paris...
ALLIANCE – New Jersey: An agricultural colony situated in the southeastern part of Salem county, New Jersey, four miles from Vineland, ten from Bridgeton, ten from Millville, and about forty-three miles from Philadelphia. It was named in...
ALLITERATION AND KINDRED FIGURES – Successive use or frequent recurrence of the same initial letter or sound at the beginning of two or more words; specifically, the regular recurrence of an initial letter or sound in the accented parts of words in poetry;...
ALLON – 1. Son of Jedaiah, in the genealogy of Simon (I Chron. iv. 37). 2. One of those who returned with Zerubbabel (I Esd. v. 34),perhaps the same as Amon of Neh. vii. 59, Ami of Ezra, ii. 57. (While R. V. has "Allon," the Greek and...
ALLON BACHUTH – Biblical Data: An oak near Bethel, at the foot of which Deborah, the nurse of Rebekah, was buried (Gen. xxxv. 8). In Judges, iv. 5 a tree is referred to as the "palm-tree of Deborah," which has been identified by some with the...
ALLORQUI, JOSHUA BEN JOSEPH IBN VIVES – See Ibn Vives Allorqui, Joshua ben Joseph.