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ASHKENAZI, AZRIEL B. JOSEPH – Printer at Naples, 1491-92. From his printing-house the first editions of Avicenna's "Canon" and BaḦya's "Ḥobot ha-Leba bot" were issued.Bibliography: De Rossi, Annales Hebrœo-Typographici, etc., p. 177; Mortara, Indice...
ASHKENAZI, AZRIEL B. MOSES LEVI – Preacher at Tarnogrod, government of Lublin, Poland, in the seventeenth century. He was the author of "NaḦalat' Azriel" (The Inheritance of Azriel), Frankfort-on-the-Oder, 1691, a work comprising homilies and comments upon parts...
ASHKENAZI, BAERMANN – Polish commentator on Bible and Midrash; lived in the sixteenth and seventeenth centuries. Though the foremost of all Midrash commentators, the only fact known about him is that he lived in Szczebrzescin. It is also certain that...
ASHKENAZI, BAERUSH (DOB) – Rabbi at Slonim, Lithuania, later at Lublin, Poland; born about 1801; died in Lublin March 6, 1852. He was the author of: (1) "Noda' ba-She'arim." (Known in the Gates), containing responsa on the "Eben he'Ezer"; novellæ on the...
ASHKENAZI – Government official in the employ of the Ottoman empire; born 1840. He received his early education at the Institution Camondo, and, after filling several subordinate positions, was appointed by Sultan Aziz, in 1869, a member of...
ASHKENAZI, BENJAMIN – Russian communal worker and philanthropist; born in 1824; died at Grodno in 1894. He was the son of Joshua Heschel Ashkenazi, rabbi of Lublin, who was a descendant of Ḥakam Ẓebi. Ashkenazi settled at Grodno, where he became the...
ASHKENAZI, BENJAMIN B. AARON ABRAHAM – See Slonik, Benjamin Aaron ben Abraham.
ASHKENAZI, BEZALEL – One of the leading Oriental Talmudists and rabbis of his day; born toward the end of the sixteenth century. Descended from a family of German scholars, he was probably born in Palestine. The greater part of his life was spent in...
ASHKENAZI, DAVID TEVLE B. JACOB – Moravian rabbi and author; born at the beginning of the eighteenth century; died July 16, 1734. Ashkenazi was rabbi of the communities at Aussee and Gewitsch, and lived at Aussee, the home of his father-in-law, Israel Aussee,...
ASHKENAZI, ELIEZER (LAZER) B. ELIJAH – Talmudist, rabbi, physician, and many-sided scholar; born in 1512; died at Cracow Dec. 13, 1585. Though of a German family (according to some, the relative of Joseph Colon; see Mortara, "Indice Alfabetico," s.v.), he was...
ASHKENAZI, ELIEZER B. SOLOMON – Rabbinical scholar; born in Poland about the beginning of the nineteenth century, and resided afterward in Tunis. He published at Metz in 1845, under the title "Dibre Ḥakamim" (The Words of the Wise), a selection of eleven...
ASHKENAZI, ELIJAH – See Levita, Elijah.
ASHKENAZI, GERSHON – Polish Talmudist; born in the second decade of the seventeenth century; died at Metz March 20, 1693. His family name was really , "Ulif," "Olive"(?), the surname "Ashkenazi" being usually bestowed in Poland upon families of...
ASHKENAZI, ISAAC BEN JACOB – Rabbi at Byeltzy, Bessarabia; lived in the middle of the eighteenth century. He is the reputed author of a cabalistic work, "Berit 'Olam" (Everlasting Covenant), containing cabalistic explanations of the letters, with some...
ASHKENAZI, ISAAC BEN ẒEBI – Rabbi and author; born in Russia about the middle of the eighteenth century, and officiated as rabbi in Chodorow and Lemberg, in which latter place he died May 5, 1807. He was the author of the Hebrew works, "Or ha-Ner" (Light...
ASHKENAZI, ISRAEL BEN SAMUEL – See Israel ben Samuel Askenazi of Sklov.
ASHKENAZI, JACOB ISRAEL BEN ẒEBI HIRSCH – See Embden, Jacob Israel.
ASHKENAZI, JOSEPH – Critic of the Mishnah; resided at Safed, Palestine, and died there between 1575 and 1582. Though Ashkenazi came to Palestine from Verona—for which reason he was also called Joseph of Verona—it is by no means impossible that he...
ASHKENAZI, JOSEPH BEN, OF PADUA – See Joseph Shallit.
ASHKENAZI, JOSEPH EDELS – Palestinian commentator and cabalist; lived at the beginning of the nineteenth century at Jerusalem and Padua; died at Safed. He was sent as European agent ("meshullaḦ") from Palestine to collect money for the Palestinian poor....
ASHKENAZI, JOSEPH B. ISAAC HA-LEVI – Talmudist and rabbi; born in Germany about 1550; died at Frankfort-on-the-Main 1628. His first teacher was the Frankfort rabbi Eliezer Treves, after whose death (about 1567) he completed his Talmudic studies under Ḥayyim b....
ASHKENAZI, JOSHUA HESHEL B. MESHULLAM – Russian Talmudist and rabbi of the nineteenth century; died Feb. 10, 1867, at Lublin. From 1852 till his death he was rabbi of Lublin, his predecessors being first his father, and afterward his cousin Baerush Ashkenazi. The...
ASHKENAZI, JUDAH B. JOSEPH – Turkish Talmudist: born at Smyrna, where he became chief rabbi; died there about 1812. He wrote: (1) "MaḦneh Yehudah" (Judah's Camp), Salonica, 1793—discussions on the "Ṭur" and on "Bet Joseph, Ḥoshen Mishpaṭ"; (2) "Yad Yehudah"...
ASHKENAZI, JUDAH SAMUEL B. JACOB – A commentator, ritualist, and liturgical editor; born in the second half of the eighteenth century; lived at Tabareeyeh (Tiberias), Palestine, whence he was sent as communal traveling agent to Europe. He afterward settled at...
ASHKENAZI (TIKTIN), JUDAH B. SIMON SOFER FRANKFURT – Polish commentator on the ShulḦan 'Aruk; officiated as "dayyan" (assistant rabbi) at Tikotzin, Poland, in the first half of the eighteenth century. He wrote ("Explaining Well"), which comments briefly on the first three parts of...