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The unedited full-text of the 1906 Jewish Encyclopedia
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AHIN, BENDICH – Mathematician and physician at Arles during the second half of the fourteenth century. Nostradamus says that Ahin was an excellent mathematician, well versed in Arabic, Greek, and Latin; that, because he was prudent, loyal, and...
AHINOAM – 1. Daughter of Ahimaaz and wife of Saul, first king of Israel (I Sam. xiv. 50). 2. The Jezreelitess captured by David while at war with Saul (I Sam. xxv. 43); she became his wife. The Amalekites subsequently carried her away...
AHIRAM – Son of Benjamin (Num. xxvi. 38; called Ehi in Gen. xlvi. 21). In the corresponding list of I Chron. viii. 1 he appears as Aharah. His family is referred to as that of the Ahiramites (Num. xxvi. 38). G. B. L.
AHISHAR – The overseer of Solomon's household (I Kings, iv. 6), whose position was one of responsibility similar to that of Joseph in Potiphar's house (Gen. xxxix. 4) and of Obadiah in Ahab's palace (I Kings, xviii. 3). I. M. P....
AHITHOPHEL – Biblical Data: A native of Giloh in the highlands of Judah, and privy councilor to David. He was a man of extraordinary sagacity and insight in political affairs (II Sam. xv. 12, xvii. 21-23), but showed himself devoid of...
AHITHOPHEL LOOSBUCH – A book of fate used in popular divination and named after Ahithophel. In Jewish legends of the Middle Ages Ahithophel plays a rôle somewhat similar to that of Mephistopheles (see Steinschneider, "Pseudepigraphische Literatur,"...
AHITUB – 1. Father of Ahimelech, priest of Nob (I Sam. xxii. 9-19). The name Ahitub means, properly, "good friend," "good brother"; and is significant in connection with the fact that the house of Ahitub, through the acting priest,...
AHLAB – A city which Asher failed to conquer (Judges, i. 31). Perhaps this is identical with the later Gush Halab, which is the same as Gischala (see Neubauer, "G. T." p. 230). G. B. L.
AHLWARDT, HERMANN – One of the most notorious of anti-Semitic agitators; born December 21, 1846, at Krien, near Anklam, in the province of Pomerania, Prussia. After having filled various positions as a teacher he was in 1881 appointed rector...
AḤMED HAMDI PASHA – See Hamdi, Aḥmed.
AḤMED PASHA – Turkish vizier and viceroy of Egypt under Solyman II., the Magnificent (1520-1566). He received these honors as rewards for valor displayed at the conquest of Rhodes (1523). But Aḥmed had hoped to be made grand vizier, and in...
AHOLIAB – See Oholiab.
AHOLIBAMAH – See Oholibamah.
AḤOT ḳEṬANNAH – A pizmon (ritual poem) of eight stanzas, signed with the acrostic of Abraham Ḥazan, and sung in the Sephardic ritual before the commencement of the New-year's evening prayer, the refrain running, "May the year end with her...
AHRIMAN – In the Mazdian religion, the evil deity, who has his real opposite in Spenta Mainyu, "the beneficent [holy] spirit." The latter was identified at a later period, if not originally, with Ahuramazda. Ahriman would seem to have...
AHRONY, ISAAC – See Courland.
AHRWEILER – Town of Rhenish Prussia, twenty-three miles northwest of Coblenz, on the river Ahr. It is mentioned in the year 1248 as containing a Jewish colony. In 1255 and 1262 a number of Jews of Ahrweiler acquired property at Cologne;...
AHRWEILER, MATTITHIAH – German rabbi; born about 1650 at Frankfort-on-the-Main; died at Heidelberg, September 19, 1728. At the time of his birth his father, Herz, was dayyan. Mattithiah officiated as rabbi at Bingen (Jacob Popper, "Responsa," ii., No....
AHUB BEN MEIR HANASIA – See Hanasia, Ahub ben Meir.
AHUDI, SOLOMON – See Solomon b. Joseph ibn Ayub.
AHURAMAZDA – See Ormuzd.
AI – A royal Canaanitish town, eastward from Beth-el in the northern part of the territory of the tribe of Benjamin, the seat of a king, destroyed by Joshua (Josh. viii.) after one unsuccessful attack (Josh. vii.). In Josh. viii. 28...
AIBU (IBU) – By this name, unaccompanied by patronymic or cognomen, are known four amoraim, three of whom were members of the family of Abba Arika (Rab) in Babylonia, and the remaining one was a distinguished Palestinian. 1. The father of...
AIBU (IBU) – A prominent haggadist of the fourth amoraic generation (fourth century), contemporary of Judah (Judan) b. Simon (b. Pazzi; Midr. Teh. to viii. 2, cxiii. 1). He was versed in the Halakah, in which he often reported opinions in...
AIBU (IBU) B. NAGGARI – A Palestinian amora of the fourth generation (fourth century), disciple of Hila, and contemporary of Judah b. (Simon b.) Pazzi. He reports Halakot in behalf of many of his predecessors (Yer. SheḲ. iv. 48c, Yer. Meg. i. 70a, Yer....