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BEER, ADOLF – Austrian historian and educator; born at Prossnitz, Moravia, Feb. 27, 1831. While still young he came under the influence of men like Gideon Brecher and Hirsch Bär Fassel, and received a careful education in the high school of...
BEER, ADOLPH – Austrian colonel; born 1833 in Prossnitz, Moravia; died Oct. 2, 1888, at Leibach, Carniola. He entered a school for military cadets. On leaving it with the rank of lieutenant, he was appointed professor at the military academy...
BEER, ALEXANDER – Religious teacher and author in Munich, who wrote in 1826, under the direction of Abraham Bing, rabbi of Würzburg, and with the approbation of the "bet din" in Fürth, and other rabbinical authorities of Bavaria, a catechism in...
BEER, AMALIE – German philanthropist and communal worker; died at Berlin June 22 (24), 1854. She was the wife of the banker Jacob Herz Beer, daugher of Liebmann Meyer Wolf (known as "the Berlin Crœsus"), and great-granddaughter of Lipmann Wolf...
BEER, AUGUST – German mathematician; born at Trier July 31, 1825; died at Bonn on the Rhine Nov. 18, 1863. Beer was educated at the technical school and gymnasium of his native town until 1845, when he went to Bonn to study mathematics and the...
BEER, BENJAMIN BEN ELIJAH HA-ROFE – An Italian, doubtless an artist, who lived in Italy, probably at Ferrara, during the fifteenth century. On a bronze medal discovered at Lyons, France, in 1656, Beer's name appears in acrostic in the Hebrew legend encircling the...
BEER, BERNHARD – German author; born July, 1801, at Dresden; died there July 1, 1861. His father, Hirsch Beer, and his mother, Clara, belonged to the Bondi family, which migrated about the middle of the eighteenth century into Saxony, and which...
BEER, BERTHOLD – Austrian medical writer; born at Brünn, Moravia, April 24, 1859. Educated at the high schools of his native city, first at the realschule, then at the gymnasium, he left for Vienna, where he attended the university and graduated...
BEER, JACOB LEYSER – See Meyerbeer, Giacomo.
BEER, JULES – Composer; son of Michael Beer, and nephew of Giacomo Meyerbeer; born 1833 in Paris, where he still (1902) resides. His first attempts at composition were two one-act comic operas, "En Etat de Siège" and "Les Roses de M. de...
BEER, MAX JOSEF – Austrian pianist and composer; born at Vienna Aug. 25, 1851. He studied with Dessoff, and was still very young when, on the recommendation of Hanslick, Dessoff, and Herbeck, he on three different occasions received emolument...
BEER, MICHAEL – German poet; brother of Giacomo Meyerbeer, the composer, and of Wilhelm Beer, the astronomer; born Aug. 19, 1800, in Berlin; died at Munich March 22, 1833.At the Werder Gymnasium, Berlin, where Beer was completing the education...
BEER, MOSES SHABBETHAI – An Italian rabbi; born at Pesaro; died in Rome, May 6, 1835, where he officiated as rabbi from the year 1825. On Dec. 18, 1829, he was admitted to an interview of forty minutes with Pope Leo XII., in order that he might plead on...
BEER, PETER (PEREZ) – Austrian educationalist; born Feb. 19, 1758, at Neubydžow, Bohemia; died Nov. 8, 1838, at Prague. After having received his early training in Bible and Talmud, and—what was unusual in those days—in German and Latin, he entered,...
BEER, RACHEL – English journalist; daughter of Sassoon D. Sassoon. She was educated privately and spent two years in hospital training. SinceOct., 1893, she has managed and edited the "Sunday Times," of which she is proprietress. Mrs. Beer is...
BEER, WILHELM – Astronomer; brother of Giacomo Meyerbeer, the composer, and of Michael Beer, the poet; born in Berlin Jan. 4, 1797; died there March 27, 1850. Wilhelm shared with his brothers the advantages of a liberal and modern education. At...
BEER-BING, ISAIAH – French journalist; born at Metz in 1759; died in Paris July 21, 1805. He entered early upon a literary career, and at the age of twenty-five published a French translation of the "Phaedon" of Moses Mendelssohn, under the title...
BEER ELIM – A Moabite town mentioned in the lament for Moab (Isa. xv. 8). It is probably to be identified with the Beer of the desert wanderings (Num. xxi. 16).J. Jr. G. B. L.
BEER LAHAI RO'I – Name of a well in the desert south of Palestine on the road to Shur (Gen. xvi. 7 et seq.), known as the stopping-place of Isaac (Gen. xxiv. 62, xxv. 11). According to the rather artificial and not at all lucid explanation of...
BEER-SHEBA – A place situated on the southern boundary of Judea (compare Judges xx. 1; II Sam. xvii. 11; I Kings xix. 3) which was allotted to the tribe of Simeon (Josh. xix. 2). It is referred to in Gen. xxii. 19 as the dwelling-place of...
BEERA – An Asherite (I Chron. vii 37).J. Jr. G. B. L.
BEERAH – Biblical Data: A descendant of Reuben, and head of the tribe at the time it was taken into captivity by Tiglath-pileser (I Chron.v. 6).J. Jr. G. B. L.—In Rabbinical Literature: Beerah, the prince of the tribe of Reuben, is...
BEEROTH – One of the cities of the Gibeonites (Josh. ix. 17) which after the conquest fell to the lot of Benjamin (Josh. xviii. 25). This possession, however, seems to have been but temporary; for in II Sam. iv. 3 we find that the...
BEET – This well-known biennial root-plant is not mentioned in the Bible; according to De Candolle, it was not cultivated before the sixth or fourth century B.C., although Wönig claims to recognize it in an Egyptian picture from the...
BEETH, LOLA – Austrian operatic singer; born Nov. 23, 1862, at Cracow, Galicia. The daughter of a well-to-do merchant, she spent her youth in tranquil prosperity; but her father's subsequent failure in business impelled her to earn her own...