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The unedited full-text of the 1906 Jewish Encyclopedia
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HEBREW LEADER, THE – Weekly newspaper; published in New York city by Jonas Bondy, who edited it. The first number was issued in May, 1850, and the last on Dec. 8, 1882. Its theological position was conservative. A distinct feature of the paper was...
HEBREW LITERATURE – See Literature, Hebrew.
HEBREW NATIONAL, THE – See Periodicals.
HEBREW OBSERVER, THE – Periodical; published in London by Abraham Benisch. The first and only number appeared Jan. 7, 1853.G. A. M. F.
HEBREW REVIEW, THE – Literary magazine; published at Cincinnati, Ohio, during the years 1881 and 1892 (2 vols.) by the Rabbinical Literary Association of America. The president of the association, Dr. Max Lilienthal, and after his decease the...
HEBREW REVIEW AND MAGAZINE OF RABBINICAL LITERATURE, THE – Journal; published in London by Morris Jacob Raphail from Oct. 3, 1834, to and including Sept., 1835 (2 vols.). The object of the magazine was to foster the study of rabbinical literature.G. A. M. F.
HEBREW SABBATH-SCHOOL UNION OF AMERICA – Organized at Cincinnati, Ohio, July, 1886. "to provide a uniform system for all Hebrew Sabbath-schools in the United States by promul-gating a uniform course of instruction and by training competent teachers." It was the first...
HEBREW STANDARD, THE – Weekly; founded in New York city by J. P. Solomon on Sept. 23, 1881. Solomon has been its sole editor and proprietor. The paper is strongly conservative and of Orthodox tendencies, and has always taken a definite political...
HEBREW UNION COLLEGE – Foundation. A rabbinical college founded by Dr. Isaac M. Wise at Cincinnati, Ohio, in 1875. In 1854 Dr. Wise had made an attempt to establish a similar institution under the name of the "Zion College Association." Failing, and...
HEBREW UNION COLLEGE JOURNAL – Monthly magazine, edited and published by students of Hebrew Union College, Cincinnati, Ohio, in the interests of that institution. The first number appeared in October, 1896. It publishes articles on Jewish literary subjects,...
HEBREWS, EPISTLE TO – See New Testament.
HEBRON – 1. A city of Asher, properly "Ebron"; called also Abdon.2. Town in Palestine, about 17 miles southwest of Jerusalem; it has a population of 14,000, including 1,100 Jews—690 Sephardim and 410 Ashkenazim. In 1890 there was a...
HECHIM – See Höchheimer.
HECHINGEN – See Hohenzollern.
HECHT – Family, resident at Boston, Mass.Jacob H. Hecht: Born at Heinstadt, Germany, March 15, 1834; died Feb. 24, 1903. He went to America in 1848; resided in California from 1859 to 1869, when he removed to Boston, Mass. He married...
HECHT, EMANUEL – German educationist; born 1821 in Nordheim, Bavaria; died Feb. 25, 1862, in Hoppstädten, Birkenfeld-Oldenburg. On graduating in 1842 from the Royal Training College for Teachers at Würzburg, Hecht was appointed by the district...
HECKSCHER, FERDINAND – German act-or; born at Berlin 1806; died at Sondershausen Feb. 28, 1891. Heckscher, who had a fine bass voice, began his theatrical career as a singer, but, finding his opportunities in this field too limited, he abandoned music...
HECKSCHER, SAMUEL BEN MEÏR – German scholar; lived at Altona in the seventeenth and eighteenth centuries; author of a work entitled "Ḳinah 'al Serefah," in Hebrew and German, on the great fire which raged at Altona in 1711 (see Steinschneider, "Cat. Bodl."...
ḤEDER – Colloquial name for a Jewish old-fashioned elementary school. The Talmudical expression "tinnoḳot shel bet rabban" (children, or, rather, babies, of the teacher's house; school-children) may indicate that the custom of giving...
HEDYOṬ – Term used in Mishnah, Talmud, and Midrash to designate a private person, a commoner, not belonging to the class of kings, priests, officers, etc. (e.g., Sanh. 90a, "three kings and four hedyoṭot"); also an ignorant man; one of...
ḤEFEẒ – See Gentili.
ḤEFEẒ B. YAẒLIAḤ – Halakist; lived toward the end of the tenth century. Rapoport assumes him to have beena Palestinian, but it is more probable that he lived in Kairwan. He was the author of a work, now lost, in which, as its name "Sefer...
HEFḲER – Ownerless property, rendered so either by the formal renunciation of the owner, or by an act of the court (Giṭ. 36b), or by the death of a proselyte who has left no Jewish heirs (B. B. 149a; Maimonides, "Yad," Zekiyyah, i. 6)....
HEGEL, GEORG WILHELM FRIEDRICH – German philosopher; born at Stuttgart 1770; died at Berlin 1831. After studying at theUniversity of Tübingen he became tutor at Bern and Frankfort-on-the-Main, and lecturer (1801) and professor (1805) of philosophy at Jena. In...
HEGESIPPUS – 1. One of the earliest writers of the Christian Church; lived at Rome, whither he had gone about 150 from Palestine or Syria, by way of Corinth; died about 189. According to Eusebius, he was by birth a Jew; and though this is...